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For the first time 'Road Transport Deputy' was raised as one of the five deputies of the 'Road and Transport Ministry' in organizational structure in 1982. Establishing the special limited-stock of public terminals of good vehicles was approved in 1988 in order to exploit, develop, maintain and construction of public terminals and en-route welfare-service complexes. After establishment of this company which its public council management affairs was undertaken by Road and Transport Minister, practically, part of current regulations in public transport affairs were carried-on by this governmental company. 

In the 50th session of 'State Administrative High Council' according to the common proposal of the 'Road and Transport Ministry' and 'Civil Service and Administrative Affairs Organization' with separating the duties of Road and Transport from respective ministry organizations and integrating into 'Special Stock Company of Good Public Transport Terminals', State Terminals and Transport Organization was established and the first formation of 'State Terminals and Transport Organization' was approved in 1995. At the outset, this organization had two affiliated company in the name of 'Islamic Republic of Iran Transport Company' and 'IRI International Transport Company' which according to the ratification of High Council Administration 'IRI Transport Company' was separated from organization in 2002 and the name of the organization changed to 'Road Maintenance and Transport Organization'. 

For the first time in 32 years, an Iranian national has been appointed as member of TIR Executive Board (TIRExB). From Iranian Customs Administration (ICA), Mr. Mostafa Ayati was elected by unanimous vote as a member of the TIR Executive Board (TIRExB), a subsidiary body of the TIR Administrative Committee, which is composed of 9 members. The TIRExB election took place during the sixtieth session of the TIR Administrative Committee in Geneva on 07 November 2018. The Convention has 28 members from the European Union (EU), America, China, Russia, CIS countries, Caucasus and Turkey. Previously, Iranians had been nominated for the position for three times though they failed to receive enough votes. 

TIR Executive Board (TIRExB), a subsidiary body of the TIR Administrative Committee, is composed of 9 members, each from different Contracting Parties to the TIR Convention. The TIRExB supervises and provides support in the application of the TIR procedure at the national and international levels.  

The Customs Convention on the International Transport of Goods under Cover of TIR Carnets (TIR Convention, 1975) is one of the most successful international transport conventions and is so far the only universal Customs transit system in existence. To date, it has 70 contracting parties, including the European Union. It covers the whole of Europe and reaches out to North Africa and the Near and Middle East. More than 35,000 operators are authorized to use the TIR system and around 3 million TIR transports are carried out per year. The TIR Convention facilitates the international carriage of goods from one or more customs offices of departure to one or more customs offices of destination and through as many countries as necessary. 

Approximately 428 million mt of goods were transited via Iran during the first quarter of the Iranian calendar year 2017-2018, according to an official at the Iranian Roads Maintenance Organization. Oil products accounted for 13.4 million mt and non-oil products constituted 6.8 million mt of transited goods in the three-month period, the official mentioned. The transited consignments mostly consisted of fuel, chemical materials, cotton, home appliances and foodstuff. Iraq, Turkey and the United Arab Emirates were the main countries which transited goods via Iran. 

Transit of goods via Iran roads by 27.9 percent in the past Iranian calendar year, which ended on March 20, compared to the year before. Over 12.3 million tons of goods were transited via the country in the previous calendar year. 

Iran’s trucking fleet is largely available at the terminals. Companies are involved in both provision of road transportation and shipping services (freight forwarders) and can provide internal transport services for food and non-food commodities. 

There are very limited number of transport companies who own their own fleet. The drivers who have their own trucks are sub-contracted by truck agenciesBased on the latest statistics of Iran Road Maintenance and Transportation Organization, just 4% of whole trucks in Iran have ownership of the transport companies. 82% of trucks are in ownership of drivers.  

More than 117 million mt of goods is the portion of international transport (import and export) during 2018 in Iran 

The total number of different types of trucks in Iran is 423,000 which includes 144,000 containerized trailers, 4,200 Bonkers and Tankers (for different types of fuel) and around 270,000 other types of transporter trucks.  

For more information: Road Maintenance and Transport Organisation - Ministry of Roads and Urban Development

For more information on transport company contact details, please see the following link: 4.8 Iran Transporter Contact List