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The usage of unskilled manual labour is extensive in services of cargo handling (and the market have no problem regarding availability to high levels of unemployment) but expensive in comparison with other neighbour countries except for South Africa & Zimbabwe. The port industries (private sector) is investing in handling equipment aiming to reduce the cost of the unskilled labour. Note that some port terminals in coordination with private stevedoring companies jointly participate in organising (in house) regular job training and short time technical & awareness training aiming to improve quality of handling and safety of cargo and/or reduce risk of incidents.  Majority of the stevedoring (unskilled labour) is contracted based on tonnage manipulated however, incentives are given in form of insurance against incidents in the operational area and currency to support transportation home/working place (trying to avoid not only the absenteeism and/or tentatively keeping the best labour as possible).  The Unions are usually supportive of labour strikes specially in the absence of salary occurrence resulted as consequence of the financial crisis which affected all areas of business private or state owned.  

For more information on legislation you can consult the  government Ministério da Administração Pública, Trabalho e Segurança Social website Ministério da Administração Pública, Trabalho e Segurança Social

Labour Rate(s) Overview


(Local Currency & USD - $)

Rate as of 17/11/2017

Daily General Worker (Unskilled casual labour)

By sector minimum salary applicable by law

Agricultura 15,003.00 Kwanzas

Transport, Services & Manufacturing Industry

18, 750.00 Kwanzas

Commerce &Extractive Industry


1 USD =165,919


Daily General Worker (Semi-skilled labour)

Government Office clerk & typewriter

23, 173.92 Kwanzas

1 USD =165,919


Skilled Worker

 Government Head Officer of Administration

33, 707.52 Kwanzas


1 USD =165,919


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