- Yemen is a relatively small oil producer and does not belong to the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)
- Unlike many regional oil producers, Yemen relies heavily on foreign oil companies that have production-sharing agreements with the government
- Income from oil production constitutes 70 to 75 percent of government revenue and about 90 percent of exports. Yemen contains proven crude oil reserves of more than 4 billion barrels (640,000,000 m3), although these reserves are not expected to last and output from the country’s older fields is falling, a concern since oil provides around 90% of the country's exports
- Yemen's oil reserves and production are located in five main geographical areas: Jannah and Iyad in central Yemen, Marib and Jawf in the north, and Shabwa and Masila in the south
- In 2011, Yemen's total oil production averaged about 170,000 barrels per day (bbl/d), down from 259,000 bbl/d estimated for 2010. Production has been declining steadily since reaching a peak of 440,000 bbl/d in 2001 due to a lack of sufficient new investment in exploration and inadequate maintenance of facilities
- In 2011, anti-government strikes, attacks on pipelines, and the evacuation of foreign staff combined to reduce annual production to below 200,000 bbl/d
For an organizational chart of fuel authorities in Yemen, please select the following document:
Information may also be found at: Website of Mytravelcost on Yemen which is updated monthly.
For further contact information, please select the following document:
Note: The information provided in the attached documents, which has been taken from the old DLCA, does not match the structure of the new LCA and is therefore provided separately.
- The fuel prices in Yemen are fixed by the government and are heavily subsidized.
- Avaiation fuel are not subject to government subsidies.
- From June 2011 the government has increased the official price of fuel, Petrol and Diesel. The Petrol – usually supplied in two categories’ quality - common and super - is now regularly available at petrol station only for super quality at the cost of YR 175 per liter, which represents an increase of approx. 230% compared with May 2011. The Diesel is still subsidies by the Government for categories as Public Entities, Bakeries, Farmers and Hospitals. The Diesel is released by the Yemen Petroleum Company (YPC) to petrol station’s owners at YR 120 per liter. However, only a minimal part of the Diesel is dispatched/sold at petrol station, being the majority of the Diesel traded at the black market, at more remunerable rates. It is worth mentioning that the system is now stabilized either for the Petrol and the Diesel.
- Taking in to account that the official rate of the Diesel at petrol station before the crisis (April 2011) was YR 50 per liter and that the new rate fixed by YPC since July 2011 is YR 120 per liter for petrol station we can state that the increase applied by the Government on the Diesel is approx. 140 percent.
- During the fuel crisis there was a shortage of the fuel in the fuel market of Yemen and in order to ensure the continuity of the Humanitarian operational and enhance the predictability, WFP set-up the fuel distribution systems in Sana’a, Aden and Haradh with the total storage capacity of 364,000Liters of fuel under the Logistics Cluster.
For further information on Fuel Pricing on Fuel Supply and Fuel Demand, please select the following document:
Fuel Prices as of: 27Aug2012 (local currency and US$)
Petrol (per litre)
125 YR and 0.58 US$
Diesel (per litre)
100 YR and 0.47 US$
Paraffin (per litre)
|Jet A1 (per litre)||n/a|
Are there national priorities in the availability of fuel? (Yes / No)
Is there a rationing system? (Yes / No)
Is fuel to lower income/vulnerable groups subsidized? (Yes / No)
Can the local industry expand fuel supply to meet humanitarian needs? (Yes / No)
Is it possible for a humanitarian organization to contract directly a reputable supplier/distributor to provide its fuel needs? (Yes / No)
How is internal transportation of fuel products carried out?
- Yemen Oil and Gas Corporation (YOGC) is responsible for the distribution of all refined products within Yemen.
- Products from Aden refinery are shipped to Mokha port and transferred to tankers (trucks), those from Marib refinery are transferred to tankers (directly).
- YOGC then transport the fuel to 1 of 14 countywide distribution hubs, from where final delivery to commercial outlets is also controlled by YOGC.
Is the transportation infrastructure and fleet sufficient to handle current domestic needs as well as increased demand from the humanitarian community? Yes
Standards, Quality and Testing
Industry Control Measures
Tanks with adequate protection against water mixing with the fuel
(Yes / No)
Filters in the system, monitors where fuel is loaded into aircraft
(Yes / No)
Adequate epoxy coating of tanks on trucks
(Yes / No)
Presence of suitable fire fighting equipment
(Yes / No)
Is there a national or regional standards authority? (Yes / No)
If yes, are the standards adequate/properly enforced? (Yes / No)
Are there national testing laboratories? (Yes / No)
Fuel Quality Testing Laboratory 1 – Aden Refinery
Dr. Najeeb Mansoor Alaoje – ED Manager
Al-Buriqah district, Aden, Yemen
Telephone and Fax
Fuel Quality Testing Laboratory 2 – Marib Refinery
Telephone and Fax