Skip to end of metadata
Go to start of metadata

Fuel Overview 

There are several fuel storage companies in different locations, these are concentrated in the South of Nigeria.

The fuel is distributed throughout the country by the State oil corporation, Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) and by independent marketers including Nigerian businesses and subsidiaries of international companies.    

The NNPC has a distribution network with around 700 stations throughout the country.

Nigerian Independent Petroleum Company Plc (NIPCO), formerly called IPMAN, is an association of Independent Marketers of Petroleum Products across the nation. It has about 6,000 members, each of them owning from two to eight filling stations in different parts of the country, and nearly 75% of the country's total oil distribution is through the IPMAN filling stations. 

The NIPCO/IPMAN cooperative, involving the physical financial participation of about 3,000 independent oil marketing companies, has been acknowledged as the second largest employers of labour after the Federal Government in the sector. 

There are problems in the marketing and distribution of petroleum products in Nigeria and acute shortages occur due to: 

-  location of some depots far from the source of supply of these products 

- inability of supply to equate demand during festive periods e.g. Easter, Christmas and New Year 

- poor transport infrastructure 

- frequent power failures 

- inadequate storage and refining capacity 

- finance inadequacy 

- activities of thieves/vandals 

- non-uniform pricing 

- unforeseen strike action 

There have been instances of Jet A-1 fuel supply crises of low stock due to the inability of marketers to get the foreign exchange to import more Jet A-1 fuel into the country. Airlines have had to postpone flights while waiting for the fuel marketers to source and deliver the product. 

Nigeria is the only member country in the Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries, OPEC, that imports petrol. 

According to the International Energy Agency (IEA), the country’s four refineries (two in Port Harcourt, and one each in Warri and Kaduna) produce a combined 445,000 barrels of petrol per day (bdp). It is 120 times less than the country’s daily need, which currently stands at 53 million litres per day (2018 figures). NNPC imports one million tonnes of petrol per month. 

Nigeria was the fourth-largest buyer of Chinese gasoline in January 2019.

For more information on government and fuel provider contact details, please see the following links:

4.1 Nigeria Government Contact List

4.7 Nigeria Fuel Providers Contact List

Information may also be foundat: http://www.mytravelcost.com/petrol-prices/ which is updated monthly.  

Fuel Pricing 

Petroleum Products Pricing Regulatory Agency (PPPRA) is a governmental organisation with responsibility for monitoring and regulating the supply and distribution, and determining the prices of petroleum products in Nigeria. 

The Government established the Petroleum Support Fund (PSF) with effect from January 2006 as an interventionist fund. The PSF is a pool of funds provided in the budget to stabilize the domestic prices of petroleum products against volatility in international Crude and Products Prices. The PSF account is expected to be supplemented with the accruals during the period of over-recovery (over-recovery here refers to the period at which the PPPRA recommended ex-depot is higher than the Landing Cost). 

Fuel Prices per Litre as of: 01/02/2018 

(local currency and USD - $) 

Petrol  

N 145/l - $ 0.40/l 

Diesel 

N 225/l - $ 0.62/l 

Paraffin 

N 305/l - $ 0.85/l 

Jet A-1 

N 240/l - $ 0.67/l   

(Note: this is 110% increase in 2 years) 

Seasonal Variations  

Variations in price may occur as a result of shortages that occur during holiday festive seasons when extra usage puts pressure on supply 

Seasonal Variations 

Are there national priorities in the availability of fuel? (i.e. are there restrictions or priorities for the provision of fuel such as to the military?) 

Yes   

Is there a rationing system? 

Yes. During shortages  

Is fuel to lower income / vulnerable groups subsidized? 

No 

Can the local industry expand fuel supply to meet humanitarian needs? 

Not quickly 

Is it possible for a humanitarian organization to directly contract a reputable supplier / distributor to provide its fuel needs? 

Yes 

Fuel Transportation 

Transportation of fuel is a weak link in the supply chain. It is carried out through pipeline, trucks and railway.  Poorly maintained road networks, decaying railroads and tanker fleet are not sufficient to handle current domestic needs. Direct supply pipelines to airports are subject to deterioration as a result of lack of maintenance and contribute to increased costs due to the necessity of using tankers to transport fuel   

Standards, Quality and Testing 

Standard of quality is often variable due to deficiencies in fuel transport infrastructure as mentioned above. 

Industry Control Measures 

Do tanks have adequate protection against water mixing with the fuel? 

Not always 

Are there filters in the system which monitor where fuel is loaded into aircraft? 

Yes 

Is there adequate epoxy coating of tanks on trucks? 

Not always 

Is there a presence of suitable firefighting equipment? 

Not always 

 

Standards Authority 

Is there a national or regional standards authority? 

Yes 

If yes, please identify the appropriate national and/or regional authority. 

Nigerian National Petroleum Authority (NNPA) 

If yes, are the standards adequate/properly enforced? 

At source of importation, however subject to issues with transportation and distribution 

 

Testing Laboratories 

Are there national testing laboratories? 

Yes  

 

Fuel Quality Testing Laboratory 

Company 

INTERTEK 

Name  

 

Address 

#2, Rumuogba Estate, off 1st Artillery Bus Stop, Aba Road 

Telephone and Fax 

Tel: 234 84303302 

Contact 

info@intertek.com 

Standards Used 

ASTM, ISO, IP 

 

Fuel Quality Testing Laboratory 

Company 

SGS 

Name  

 

Address 

7b Etim Inyang Crescent, Victoria Island, Lagos PMB 80048 

Telephone and Fax 

Tel:  +234 1 2805096 / 98;  

Fax: +234 1 2627386 

Contact 

info@sgs.com 

Standards Used 

ISO, EN, GOST 

 

Fuel Quality Testing Laboratory 

Company 

Standards Organization of Nigeria 

Name  

 

Address 

52, Lomé Crescent. Zone 7, Wuse, Abuja FCT 

Telephone and Fax 

Toll free Line: 08002255766; 07056990099 

Contact 

info@son.gov.ng 

Standards Used 

ISO, ICP, AAS,HPLC 

 

Fuel Quality Testing Laboratory 

Company 

VERITAS 

Name  

 

Address 

11 Niger Street, Off Aso street, Parkview Estates, Ikoyi Lagos 

Telephone and Fax 

Tel: 234 1 454 1170 

Contact 

info@veritas.com 

Standards Used 

EN, ASTM, DEFSTAN 91-91 

 

Fuel Quality Testing Laboratory 

Company 

EPOXY OILSERV Ltd. 

Name  

 

Address 

Shamrock House, 10 Oshodi Expressway, opposite Total Storage depot Apapa 

Lagos office: Suite 10 Sebuff Plazza, Osojia London Roundabout. Leki Epe Expressway 

Telephone and Fax 

Tel: 8053390168; 8153492248 

Contact 

Gospel Okike or Gbenga Okomolafe 

Standards Used 

OCM (Oil Condition Monitoring):  

 

Further contact information on additional accredited laboratories can be found at: https://www.dpr.gov.ng/wp-content/uploads/2019/02/Accredited-Laboratories-2018updated.pdf 


Disclaimer: Inclusion of company information in the LCA does not imply any business relationship between the supplier and WFP / Logistics Cluster, and is used solely as a determinant of services, and capacities.  

Please note: WFP / Logistics Cluster maintain complete impartiality and are not in a position to endorse, comment on any company's suitability as a reputable service provider.