All petroleum products need to be imported, with the exception of natural gas, as Mozambique started to produce natural gas late last century in the province of Inhambane. Current, privately-operated gas production holds proven reserves of 2.6 trillion cubic feet (TCF). The natural gas is produced and processed at a central facility, and then transported via an 865 km pipeline to South Africa, with a link to southern Mozambique for domestic use.
New sites are being developed in the Rovuma basin (Cabo Delgado) that holds over 180 TCF of liquified natural gas (LNG) reserves . Production was due to start in 2022, however, due to security constraints in the sites surrounding areas it was postponed to 2023. Mozambique is expected to become one of the major LNG exporters in 2024.
In terms of other fuels, the ports of Matola (Maputo), Beira and Nacala all have import terminals. Plans are underway to establish a fuel refinery at Nacala, however work has not yet started and it may be some time before it is operational. The extent to which it will provide fuel for the Mozambique domestic market also remains undetermined.
Information may also be found at: http://www.mytravelcost.com/petrol-prices/ which is updated monthly.
The cost of the fuel imported into Mozambique fluctuates according to world prices and currencies. After approximately one year without variation, on 21 October 2021, the GoM readjusted the fuel prices. Diesel was the least affected with 7% increase, while cocking gas (GLP) suffered the major increase (22%). To minimize the impact, the Government continues to subsidise the diesel prices for the public transport
Fuel Prices per Litre as of: 21 October 2021
MZN 69.04 (US$1.09)
MZN 61.71 (US$0.98)
MZN 47.95 (US$0.76)
Are there national priorities in the availability of fuel? (i.e. are there restrictions or priorities for the provision of fuel such as to the military?)
Is there a rationing system?
Is fuel to lower income / vulnerable groups subsidized?
Can the local industry expand fuel supply to meet humanitarian needs?
Is it possible for a humanitarian organization to directly contract a reputable supplier / distributor to provide its fuel needs?
Fuel distribution within Mozambique is largely done by road, with railways being a second option in specific occasions. Transport infrastructure and fleets are sufficient to handle the current domestic needs. The potential for increased demand from the humanitarian community does not represent a major challenge.
Standards, Quality and Testing
Industry Control Measures
Do tanks have adequate protection against water mixing with the fuel?
Are there filters in the system which monitor where fuel is loaded into aircraft?
Is there adequate epoxy coating of tanks on trucks?
Is there a presence of suitable firefighting equipment?
Is there a national or regional standards authority?
If yes, please identify the appropriate national and/or regional authority.
National: Instituto Nacional de Petróleo
If yes, are the standards adequate/properly enforced?
Are there national testing laboratories?
Fuel Quality Testing Laboratory
Avenida da União Africana, n.º 7666
Telephone and Fax
Tel.: +258 21 728 090
ASTM Aviation Fuel Methods
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Please note: WFP / Logistics Cluster maintain complete impartiality and are not in a position to endorse, comment on any company's suitability as a reputable service provider.