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Haiti Fuel

There is no fuel production in Haiti; all combustible are imported. There is also no refinery. Fuel arrives ready to be consumed. Gasoline 91, Gasoline 95, gasoil, and kerosene are imported together with smaller quantity of JET-A1 for the air transportation industry, and crude oil for electricity production. Most of the oil imported is received from Venezuela in the frame of the PETROCARIBE agreement. Fuel is distributed by a public-private joint venture company, DINASA (Distributeur Nationaux), which has the only large storage facilities in country, located in the capital. From there the fuel is then distributed throughout the country through different distribution networks.

During the 2010 earthquake emergency response fuel was imported also from the Dominican Republic, in order to cope with the shortage resulted from the crisis, but this parallel importation was only allowed for a few week. The monopole of fuel importation is a Government prerogative and was not allowed anymore. In case of a crisis this measure might be implemented again and the set up of contingency stocks is recommended especially up country where no large public or private facilities are available. Fuel is delivered only by ship and a change in a ship delivery or a missing delivery could cause distribution shortage. Fuel cost greatly impact on the trade sectors, as most of the merchandises are transported by road.

Fuel Pricing

Fuel Prices as of Aug2011: (local currency and US$)

Petrol (per litre)

195.00 Gdes/Gal. / 4.77USD$

Diesel (per litre)

162.00 Gdes/Gal. / 3.96USD$

Paraffin (per litre)

n/a

Jet A1 (per litre)n/a

Seasonal Variations 

Haiti has no national production of crude oil, neither the capacity of oil refining. Consequently all oil products are imported. No contingency stocks at national level. During regular times local supply (domestic refinery production and imports combined) meet the needs of the country, especially for aviation and ground fuels. Shortages can be caused by importation problems or high demand, as in case of large emergency responses.

Seasonal Variations

Are there national priorities in the availability of fuel? (Yes / No)

n/a

Is there a rationing system? (Yes / No)

n/a

Is fuel to lower income/vulnerable groups subsidized? (Yes / No)

n/a

Can the local industry expand fuel supply to meet humanitarian needs? (Yes / No)

n/a

Is it possible for a humanitarian organization to contract directly a reputable supplier/distributor to provide its fuel needs? (Yes / No)

Yes

Fuel Transportation

Fuel is received at DINASA facilities in Port-au-Prince and then distributed from the capital through different private fuel distributors around the country. This transfer is done by road with fuel trucks. DINASA is the only Haitian-owned integrated Oil and Gas company in Haiti. Each company has its own fleet of trucks, but to meet the needs, they also sub-contract part of it to private operators. Transportation infrastructure and fleet is not sufficient to handle current domestic needs as well as increased demand from the humanitarian community.

 Standards, Quality and Testing

Industry Control Measures

Tanks with adequate protection against water mixing with the fuel

(Yes / No)

n/a

Filters in the system, monitors where fuel is loaded into aircraft

(Yes / No)

Yes

Adequate epoxy coating of tanks on trucks

(Yes / No)

n/a

Presence of suitable fire fighting equipment

(Yes / No)

n/a

Standards Authority

Is there a national or regional standards authority? (Yes / No)

Yes

If yes, are the standards adequate/properly enforced? (Yes / No)

Inadequate

Testing Laboratories

Are there national testing laboratories? (Yes / No)

  No

Fuel Quality Testing Laboratory –

Name 

n/a

Address

n/a

Telephone and Fax

n/a

Contact

n/a

Standards Used

  •  Specialized laboratories are not available. Testing is sometimes being done with basic testing kits.

For information on Haiti Fuel contact details, please see the following links: 

4.6 Haiti Fuel Provider Contact List

4.1 Haiti Government Contact Lists