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Fuel Overview

Ethiopia consumes daily one million liters of benzene, 6.5 million liters of diesel and two million liters of jet fuel. The annual kerosene consumption is 260,000 metric tons. The consumption of kerosene is dwindling as the public is using electric stoves instead of kerosene ones. The country has 13 fuel depots in different parts of the country that can store 360,000 cubic meters of petroleum products.   

Local supply (domestic refinery production and imports combined) does meet the needs of the country, especially for aviation and ground fuels. There are some national priorities in the availability of fuel but the local industry can expand the fuel supply to meet the needs of humanitarian organisations. It is also possible for humanitarian organizations to contract a reputable supplier/distributor directly to provide its fuel needs.

For more information on government and fuel provider contact details, please see the following links: HQ staff will input links to sections 4.1 Government Contact List and 4.7 Fuel Providers Contact List here.

Information may also be found at: which is updated monthly. 

Fuel Pricing

Energy pricing policy plays a crucial role in mainstreaming energy markets such that certain preferred energy forms and services could be used in lieu of other less preferred options. Energy production and utilization efficiency, energy transition, access to modern energy services, expansion of renewable energy technologies, carbon neutrality in energy utilization, competition and investment decisions in the energy sector could all be influenced through the application of appropriate pricing instruments. The most desirable pricing policy is to follow market prices whenever the conditions exist for competitive markets. However, market imperfections prevail in energy markets requiring pricing policy interventions to reflect true costs of energy services that internalize financial, economic, social and environmental costs.

The energy pricing policy instruments  allows market mechanisms to play central role as long as the presence of market imperfections do not obstruct the realization of certain basic energy objectives and principles. It applies basic principles of longer-term cost-effectiveness and financial viability, economic efficiency, income distribution/ social well-being, and sustainable development as main drivers for energy pricing intervention. It Introduces targeted and time-bound subsidies and pricing instruments in areas where market mechanisms fail to promote access to certain energy services for low income groups, and when certain energy forms fail to compete until bottlenecks are removed. Provides clear signal to energy consumers and producers through pricing mechanisms. Keeps updated pricing information for biomass and other fuels (at key geographic areas).

 The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia Ministry of Trade and Industry revises the price of fuel every month based on the world market.


Fuel Prices per Litre as of: 8 May 2019

(local currency and USD - $)


21.53  ETB



18.75 ETB

0.566 USD


 15.55 ETB

0.686 USD

Jet A-1

25.90 ETB

0.78 USD

Seasonal Variations 

Seasonal Variations

Are there national priorities in the availability of fuel? (i.e. are there restrictions or priorities for the provision of fuel such as to the military?)


Is there a rationing system?


Is fuel to lower income / vulnerable groups subsidized?


Can the local industry expand fuel supply to meet humanitarian needs?


Is it possible for a humanitarian organization to directly contract a reputable supplier / distributor to provide its fuel needs?


Standards, Quality and Testing

Industry Control Measures

Do tanks have adequate protection against water mixing with the fuel?


Are there filters in the system which monitor where fuel is loaded into aircraft?


Is there adequate epoxy coating of tanks on trucks?


Is there a presence of suitable firefighting equipment?


Standards Authority

Is there a national or regional standards authority?


If yes, please identify the appropriate national and/or regional authority.



If yes, are the standards adequate/properly enforced?


Testing Laboratories

Are there national testing laboratories?



Disclaimer: Inclusion of company information in the LCA does not imply any business relationship between the supplier and WFP / Logistics Cluster, and is used solely as a determinant of services, and capacities.

Please note: WFP / Logistics Cluster maintain complete impartiality and are not in a position to endorse, comment on any company's suitability as a reputable service provider.