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Fuel Overview

In Cambodia, gasoline, diesel oil, and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) demand has been increasing rapidly, and the demand has depended on imports. Also, according to Cambodia’s energy outlook, which is a part of the East Asia Summit (EAS) energy outlook prepared by ERIA, these petroleum sectors will increase their demand continuously up to 2040. In this regard, the following countermeasures are recommended: (1) The major use of gasoline and diesel oil as well as LPG is transportation (vehicle), so that Cambodia can shift to highly efficient vehicles under the appropriate regulations (reduction by 10% from the business-as-usual [BAU] scenario). (2) Petroleum products are convenient and useful, and they are used across the industry, transport, residential, and commercial sectors. If a petroleum supply disruption occurs, Cambodia will face serious damage on both the economic and social aspects. Therefore, appropriate stockpiling volumes, including commercial stocks, will be needed. (3) Biofuel, especially bioethanol, is one of the options for reducing imports of gasoline. In addition, biofuel affects the economic growth of Cambodia, such as through agriculture and industry activities and reductions in CO2 emissions. The General Department of Petroleum is seeking business opportunities for biofuel (E3 gasoline will be possible by 2025). (4) The BEPC also states that the petroleum supply chain will be resilient through business activities under the appropriate petroleum policies and regulations.

Fuel imported by private sectors such as SOKIMEX, TOTAL Cambodia, CALTEX, SAVIMEX, Kampuchea TELA, PTT Cambodia Limited, Bright Victory Mekong Petroleum, LHR and PAPA Petroleum.

Source: https://www.eria.org/uploads/media/CAMBODIA_BEP_Fullreport_1.pdf

For more information on government and fuel provider contact details, please see the following links: 4.1 Government Contact List and 4.7 Fuel Providers Contact List.

Information may also be found at: http://www.mytravelcost.com/petrol-prices/ which is updated monthly. 

Fuel Pricing

The Cambodia Government controls fuel prices to calculate price formula in line with international prices (governed through a government decree). The retail prices of gasoline are determined with the consent of all major petroleum distributors. The new price ceilings are calculated according to a formula based on the average Means of Platts Singapore (MOPS) plus taxes, net profit, VAT and operating costs. The Ministry of Commerce provides price updates every 10 days and gasoline stations will be fined $1,000 if they charge more than the set price.

Fuel Prices per Litre as of: 27 Dec 2021

Petrol

KHR4600 = USD $1.129

Diesel

KHR3750 = USD $0.92

Paraffin

N/A

Jet A-1

KHR2140 = USD $0.525

Seasonal Variations 

There are no significant seasonal variations regarding fuel prices in Cambodia.

Seasonal Variations

Are there national priorities in the availability of fuel? (i.e. are there restrictions or priorities for the provision of fuel such as to the military?)

 No

Is there a rationing system?

No

Is fuel to lower income / vulnerable groups subsidized?

No

Can the local industry expand fuel supply to meet humanitarian needs?

Yes

Is it possible for a humanitarian organization to directly contract a reputable supplier / distributor to provide its fuel needs?

Yes

Fuel Transportation

The transportation infrastructure and fleet are limited, but currently sufficient to handle domestic needs as well as demand from the humanitarian community.

In Cambodia, petroleum is traditionally the main source of energy for transportation. Petroleum fuels used for transportation include gasoline, diesel, heavy fuel and fuel oil. Cambodia has currently eight big petroleum distributors including Caltex, Sokimex Group Co. Ltd., Kampuchea Tela Co. Ltd., PTT (Cambodia) Limited, Total Cambodge, Bright Victory Mekong Petroleum, Savimex, and LHR.

Each company have their own fuel transport truck to transport from entry point to individual storage facility. There is no bottle facing in this country. The fuel consumption drops during the COVID19 country lockdown and increase when the country opens back to normal live. 

Standards, Quality and Testing

Standard fuel testing is under Ministry of Commerce, Department of Consumer Protection Competition and Fraud Directorate-General (CCF).

Industry Control Measures

Do tanks have adequate protection against water mixing with the fuel?

N/A

Are there filters in the system which monitor where fuel is loaded into aircraft?

Yes

Is there adequate epoxy coating of tanks on trucks?

Yes

Is there a presence of suitable firefighting equipment?

Yes

Standards Authority

Is there a national or regional standards authority?

Yes

If yes, please identify the appropriate national and/or regional authority.

National: Ministry of Commerce

If yes, are the standards adequate/properly enforced?

Not always

Testing Laboratories

Are there national testing laboratories?

Yes

Fuel Quality Testing Laboratory

Company

Ministry of Commerce, Department of Consumer Protection Competition and Fraud Directorate-General (CCF).

Name 

Mak Pichrith

Address

St.18, Kdey Takoy Village, Sangkat Veal Sbov, Phnom Penh. 

Telephone and Fax

(855) 23 42 61 66

Contact

Kim Meas Sok Seiha, Director of Consumer Protection & Fraud Repression Department (CP&FRD)

H/P Phone: (855) 12 38 78 78

E-Mail: cp_frd@yahoo.com 

Website: http://www.camcontrol.gov.kh/

Standards Used


 

Overall Cambodia Government Policy Goal for Energy Efficiency

The above calculated Saving Potentials form the basis of the National Energy Efficiency Policy objective:

  • Reduce the future National energy demand by 20% until 2035, compared to business-as-usual projections.
  • Reduce National CO2 emissions in 2035 by 3 million tons of CO2.

To achieve these main objectives, MIME has defined the goals of energy development in the Kingdom as follows:

  • From the year of 2015, the national grid has sufficient capacity to support all kinds of demands of consumers already connected to the national grid and in 2018 the national grid will provide a 25% reserve capacity for the system.
  • In 2020 the high-tension transmission line will cover all 24 cities and provinces of Cambodia. And these cities and provinces will have at least one sub-station each to receive electricity supply from the national grid.
  • In 2020, 80% of villages will be connected to the national grid and another 20% will be supplied by other energy sources such as electricity imported from neighbouring countries or single supply systems. In 2030, 95% of villages of the whole country will be connected to the national grid while another 5% of the villages will be connected to single supply systems with a quality of supply similar to the national grid.
  • In 2020, at least 50% of households in Cambodia will be grid-connected with the same quality of supply as those connected to the national grid and 70% of households will follow up to 2030.
  • In 2020, the gap of electricity selling prices between urban and rural areas will be reduced and the price difference should not exceed 15%.

These highly ambitious energy policy goals can only be achieved, if energy is used in the most efficient, cost effective and sustainable manner in all economic sectors as presented in the sectorial energy analysis hereafter. To reach the overall energy efficiency objective, MIME’s “Alternative Policy Scenario” was adjusted by the results of assumed energy efficiency improvements in the five sectors identified as priority areas for the national energy efficiency policy, strategy and action plan.

  • Energy efficiency in industry
  • Energy efficiency of end-user products
  • Energy efficiency in buildings
  • Energy Efficiency of rural electricity generation and distribution
  • Efficient use of biomass resources for residential and industrial purposes.

In close collaboration with MIME, these priority areas were selected according to their share on the overall energy consumption and to their importance for the socio-economic development of the country. The residential sector is still the biggest energy consumer counting for 37% of the total energy consumption, followed by the commercial sector (including buildings) and the industrial sector. 75% of the national primary energy supply is covered by biomass, 25% by imported petroleum products. In the process of identification of the 5 priority areas it was decided to leave out the transport sector for the time being because of the specific requirements concerning the collection of reliable data on fuel consumption by the various means of transport, which could not be met in the framework of this project. It is recommended to launch a study on its own on this sector. The energy saving potentials in the various subsectors was assumed as follows:

  • In the INDUSTRY SECTOR, saving potentials ranging from 20% (garment industry) to 70% (ice factories) have been identified, mainly depending on changes in behaviour and on the replacement of inefficient devices.
  • Concerning the energy efficiency of END USER PRODUCTS in the residential sector, an energy saving potential of up to 50% was assumed according to international experiences by introducing energy efficiency labelling schemes for household appliances.
  • In the BUILDING SECTOR energy saving potentials between 20 and 30% are assumed for new commercial buildings according to international benchmarks by making use of appropriate building materials and construction principles with special emphasis to be put on standardized wiring.
  • The energy saving potential in RURAL ELECTRICITY GENERATION AND DISTRIBUTION is estimated at up to 80% corresponding to the reduction of the huge generation and distribution losses of the Rural Energy Enterprises (REE’s).
  • Concerning the USE OF BIOMASS resources for residential and industrial purposes, energy saving potentials between 30 and 50% can be achieved by introducing improved cook stoves, more efficient charcoal kilns and char briquettes, substituting fuel wood and charcoal.

Source: https://policy.asiapacificenergy.org/sites/default/files/National%20Policy%2C%20Strategy%20and%20Action%20Plan%20on%20Energy%20Efficiency%20in%20Cambodia.pdf

Additional information on Cambodia fuel trends from 2019, 2020, 2021 and 2022:

Figures monitored by WFP Logistics, attached file in Annex.

Disclaimer: Inclusion of company information in the LCA does not imply any business relationship between the supplier and WFP / Logistics Cluster, and is used solely as a determinant of services, and capacities.

Please note: WFP / Logistics Cluster maintain complete impartiality and are not in a position to endorse, comment on any company's suitability as a reputable service provider.





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