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The following sections contain information on the service and supply industries of Algeria.
Algeria is a big player on the African continent, not only because of its substantial land area, but also because of its sizeable GDP. This leads to high transport volumes and an improving infrastructure. Investment in infrastructure came to a virtual standstill in Algeria between 1991 and 2001, due to civil war. This led to a significant backlog in infrastructure maintenance and improvement. Meanwhile, the country’s vast desert geography poses a permanent challenge to infrastructure developments.
In addressing these problems, the Government has made transport a priority with major upgrades and expansions in progress as part of its extensive public investment programme. Most of the population, and hence the bulk of economic activity, is located along the northern coastal strip. Road connections focus primarily on long-distance connectivity on both the east-west and north-south axis.
In addition to the four main modes of regional and international transport – air, shipping, roads and railways – pipelines are of special importance in Algeria, as they connect the Algerian oil and gas industry to Europe. The country has three transcontinental export gas pipelines; two transporting natural gas to Spain and one to Italy. The largest pipeline runs from Algeria via Tunisia to Italy. One to Spain passes through Morocco and the newest pipeline to Spain, which came online in 2011, stretches across the Mediterranean.