The Volta Lake transport system spans about 450 kilometres from the south to the north, with ports at Akosombo, Buipe and Yapei and major ferry crossings at Yeji, Keta Krachi, Dambai and Kpandu.
Whilst inland water transport does not constitute a significant part of Ghana’s transport system, some routes are critical to small communities. It also provides a useful and low cost alternative to road and rail transport between the north and the south.
Periodic drops in the level of the lake hamper the navigation, making it difficult to reach Buipe. Cross-lake services are also affected as a result of inability to access properly constructed landing stations. Other challenges include aging equipment and lack of navigational aids.
The Volta Lake Transport Company Limited (VLTC) is the main transport service provider on the Volta Lake. The company uses a fleet of pusher tugs and assorted barges to provide regular north-south services for general cargo and liquid bulks, and tramping service for local traders. In 2008, VLTC carried 81,790 tonnes of freight compared to 47,866 tonnes the previous year.
VLTC also operates a 300 passenger capacity vessel between Akosombo and Yeji in Northern Ghana (293 km), generating an annual traffic of about 24,000 passengers.
For information on Ghana Waterways contact details, please see the following link: 4.4 Ghana Port and Waterways Company Contact List