Skip to end of metadata
Go to start of metadata

Cambodia Waterways

Historically, inland water transport (IWT) has been the most reliable and conventional form of transport in Cambodia. Although it was thought before the 1970s that road and rail transport might replace it, it is now clear that IWT still remains the most important traditional and most useful mode of transport. Cambodia’s navigable inland waterways measure a total length of 1,750 km. The Mekong mainstream accounts for 30% of the total, the Tonle Sap River 15%, the Bassac River 5%, and other tributaries 50%. Year-round navigation is possible through 780 km long and a third of the width of the river. Inadequate dredging and navigation aids have been impediments to increased use of these waterways.

For the 102 km stretch between Vietnam border and Phnom Penh, the bends of the river prevent the passage of vessels more than 110 m long. For existing cargo vessel designs this probably means a limitation of about 7,000 dwt. Boats up to 150 mt capacity can be used as far as Kratie. Larger boats can be used at high water. At low water the 600 mt boat can only carry 80 mt  to Kratie while the 80-130 mt boats can usually carry 50-60 mt. Between Kratie and Stung Treng (120 km) 50 mt boats can pass without difficulty in the rainy season but at low water levels the rocky conditions limit the passage to smaller vessels of up to 20 mt. Above Stung Treng to Veunkham just across the Lao border only small boats can pass with some 10- 15 mt at low water and perhaps 50 mt a high water.

On the Tonle Sap river the draft is about 1m in the dry season but can reach up to 4m in the rainy season. There is a water depth of only 0.5m at the entrance to the Great Lake in the dry season. Some traffic between Phnom Penh and Siem Reap, for example goes by road from Phnom Penh to the Lake and then proceeds by boat at Kampong Chhnang or Battambang provinces. A high water, boats up to 150 mtcapacity can be used between Phnom Penh and the Lake.

The main other waterway of importance for commercial river transport is the Bassac which links Phnom Penh with Chau Doc, the capital of Vietnam's An Giang Province. This can be used by 100-mtboats and it also has a network of tributaries and canals mostly in Takeo province which can take up to 100 mt boats at high water but loads can be limited to 10 mt at low water. Most vessels on this network are in the 20-30 mt range and are used for trade between Takeo and the Vietnam delta area.

Source: http://www.jterc.or.jp/koku/koku_semina/pdf/100910_seminer_Vutha.pdf

For more information on government contact details, please see the following link: 4.1 Cambodia Government Contact List .

Company Information

For more information on waterway company contact details, please see the following link: 4.4 Cambodia Port and Waterways Company Contact List .

Passenger Carrying Capacity

 

MEKONG RIVER Co.

PANDAW CRUISE Co.

INDOCHINA JOINT STOCK CO.

Number of

Passenger Vessels

< 20 Passengers

20

 

 

Number of

Passenger Vessels

< 50 Passengers

 

36

 

Number of

Passenger Vessels

< 100 Passengers

 

70

100

Number of

Passenger Vessels

> 100 Passengers

  

124

Cargo Carrying Capacity

 

SOVERIEGN BASE L.H Co

GEMADEPT TP. CO.LTD.

NEW PORT CYPRESS J.S.Co.

Boats

Number of Boats

3

13

5

Tonnage / Volume

Carrying Capacity (MT / m3)

Min: 96 TEUs/Max:120 TEUs (TEUs= Twenty Equilievint Unit)

Min: 75 TEUs/Max:128 TEUs

Min: 96 TEUs/Max:128 TEUs

Barges

 

CTY CP VANTAI D.THAP

SOKICO.

SAO VIET Co.

Number of Barges

11

8

9

Tonnage / Volume

Carrying Capacity (MT / m3)

Min: 164 GRT/Max: 299 GRT

Min: 164 GRT/Max: 660 GRT

Min: 216 GRT/Max: 299 GRT

Tugs

 

VINASHIN

 

 

Number of Tugs

1

  

Tonnage / Volume

Carrying Capacity (MT / m3)

35

490 GRT

  

Travel Time Matrix

Travel Time from Main port to other major Ports (hours)

 

Phnom Penh

 (Main port)

Kampong Cham

(Mekong river)

Kratie

 (Mekong river)

Stung Treng

(Mekong river)

Phnom Penh (Main port)

 

4hrs

8hrs

 16hrs

Kampong Chhanang (Basac river)

 3hrs

   

Chnok Trou

(Basac river)

 4hrs

   

Krakor (Basac river) 

 6hrs

   

Siem Reap

 (Basac river)

9hrs

   

Key Routes

Key Route Information

Domestic / International

 

From:PNH

To:Kg.Cham

From:PNH

To:SRP

From:PNH

To:Stung Treng

From:PNH

To:Kg. Chnang

From:PNH

To:Kratie

Total Distance (km)

111 km

251 km

345 km

100 km

224 km

Width (m)

NA

Broadest: 1.5 Km
Narrowest: 150m

Broadest: 1.5 Km
Narrowest: 40m

NA

NA

River Flow

(m³ / second)

0.5 – 4 miles/h

0.5 – 2.8 miles/h

0.5 – 4.5 miles/h

0.5 – 3 miles/h

0.5 – 4 miles/h

Seasonal Effects

Low water

Low water

Low water

Low water

Low water

Maximum Weight and

Size of Vessels

na

Na

Na

Na

na

Regular Traffic

Passenger / Cargo

Passenger/ Cargo

Passenger/ Cargo

Passenger/ Cargo

Passenger/ Cargo

Passenger/ Cargo

Companies Operating

Along the Route

05 Companies

05 Companies

NA

05 Companies

na

Security Concerns

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Main Ports

Phnom Penh

Phnom Penh

Phnom Penh

Phnom Penh

Phnom Penh


Port Information

Key Port Information

 

Multipurpose Terminal (TS3)

Container Terminal (LM17)

Tonle Bet Terminal (UM2)

Location

#649, Preah Sisowath (Street 1), Sangkat Sras Chork, Khan

Daun Penh, Phnom Penh

Kandal Leu Village, Banteay Deak Commune, Kean Svay

District, Kandal Province

Doun Mau Leu Village, Tonle Bet commune, Thbong

Khmom district, Thbong Khmom province

Contact Information

010 444 376/010 444 540

010 444 376/010 444 540

010 444 376/010 444 540

Connections with Other

Transport Means

Road

Road

Road

  • No labels