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Previously, Birgunj was the only city that connected the capital city of Kathmandu with India. Birgunj railway station was connected by the Nepal Government Railway (NGR) to Raxaul station in Bihar, India. The 47 km (29 mi) railway extended north to Amlekhganj in Nepal. It was built in 1927 by the British but discontinued beyond Birgunj in December 1965. The 6 km (3.7 mi) railway track from Raxaul to Birgunj was converted to broad gauge two years after the Indian railways converted the track to Raxaul to broad gauge. Now, a broad gauge railway line connects Raxaul to the Sirsiya (Birgunj) Inland Container Depot (ICD) that became fully operational in 2005. Talks have been held to reopen the railway route from Birgunj to Amlekhganj in Nepal by converting it to broad gauge due to its socio-economic importance. Trains run to major Indian cities from Raxaul, including the Satyagraha express to Delhi, Mithila express to Kolkata, Lokmanya Tilak express to Mumbai, and the HYD-RXL express to Hyderabad.

 

Railway Companies and Consortia

The rail transport of Nepal is managed by the state-run Nepal Railways Corporation Ltd. The railway runs from Jaynagar, India to Bijalpura, Nepal. The total distance of this railway is 59 km and, while it has a limited number of cargo wagons, it mainly moves passengers over the short distance. The Nepal Railways Corporation has 38 passenger coaches, 4 diesel engines and 11 steam engines. This railway is of no use for the movement of humanitarian aid. There are plans to extend or add new railway lines in Nepal. The Sirsiya-Birgunj Internal Clearance Depot (SBICD) at the Dry Port in Birgunj operates the main cargo railway inlet into Nepal from India. The India Railways operates a 5.4 km railway line that extends an additional 400 m into Nepal terminating at the Dry Port. This is the main method of transport for humanitarian cargo coming from the Port of Kolkata to Birgunj Dry Port directly.

While Nepal’s railway is very limited in size and use, the Indian Railway system is relied upon by Nepal for the transport of goods to the Dry Port and main trading cities within India. Indian Railways is managed by the Ministry of Railways of the Government of India. Its system is one of the largest and busiest networks in the world transporting over 18 million passengers and more than 2 million tons of cargo each day. Indian Railways is the largest utility employer in the world with more than 1.4 million employees and has 6,909 stations covering more than 63,000 km of rail. Their rolling stock is comprised of 200,000 freight wagons, 50,000 coaches and 8,000 locomotives. Indian Railways manufactures some of their own rolling stock. As mentioned, Nepal relies on the Indian Railways network to transport a considerable amount of their imported goods to either the Dry Port in Birgunj or to staging points for road transport into Nepal.
 

 


Capacity Table

Rail Operator Capacity
 

Jaynagar, India to Bijalpura, Nepal (Nepal Railway Overview)

Jaynagar, India to Bijalpura, Nepal (India Railway Overview)

Operates on (lines)

Jaynagar, India to Bijalpura, Nepal

Jaynagar, India to Bijalpura, Nepal

Max train length and / or pulling capacity

N/A

N/A

Locomotives (electric / diesel / steam)

4 diesel, 11 steam engines (38 passenger coaches)

8,000 (50,000 passenger coaches)

Freight Wagons (covered) / size

11 freight wagons

200,000

Freight Wagons (flat bed) / size

N/A

N/A

Freight Wagons (high-sided) / size

N/A

N/A

Freight Wagons (drop-side) / size

N/A

N/A

Key Route Information

Standard Route Information
 

Jaynagar, India to Bijalpura, Nepal (Nepal Railway Overview)

Jaynagar, India to Bijalpura, Nepal (India Railway Overview)

Track gauge

59 km of 762 mm (2 ft 6 in) gauge, narrow gauge

1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) gauge

Ruling gradient

N/A

N/A

Total track distance (single and / or double)

59 km, Janakpur Railway: Jainagar, India to Bijalpura, Nepal

63,140 km

Type of rail (weight and if welded or not)

N/A

N/A

Type of sleeper and fastenings

N/A

N/A

Total track travel time

N/A

N/A

Maintenance (Good, marginal, bad)

N/A

N/A

Companies-consortiums operating on line

N/A

N/A

Traffic frequency (monthly / weekly / daily)

N/A

N/A

Security (Good, marginal, bad)

N/A

N/A

Main stations (Add details below)

N/A

N/A