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Haiti Storage Assessment

For information on Haiti Storage Assessment contact details, please see the following link: 

4.5 Haiti Storage and Milling Company Contact List

Haiti has traditionally suffered from a lack of adequate and sufficient logistics infrastructure, which make the implementation of humanitarian assistance and development programmes even more difficult. Prior to the 2010 earthquake, Haiti's warehousing infrastructure was already scarce and insufficient to adequately respond to the needs of the Humanitarian Community. Former industrial facilities, converted into warehouse space, were the only sufficient storage space that could be used by WFP and the larger organizations. These spaces were often poorly maintained and were beset by management and security issues. Adequate space has always been an issue in Port-au-Prince, and even more in the other regions of the country, especially in rural areas, where no industries or transformation plants have ever been set-up. This resulted in a complete lack of sufficient storage capacity for the large quantity of commodities humanitarian organizations have to store for the implementation of their programmes.

If the capacity was already insufficient before the devastating 2010 earthquake, this natural disaster decimated what little functional infrastructure existed, with warehouse capacity being further reduced. WFP faced significant challenges in finding warehouses, as demand surged in the aftermath of the earthquake, and whatever concrete structures were available were quickly occupied. Three out of WFP’s four warehouses in Port-au-Prince were shut down due to damages caused by earthquake. The capital’s airport and seaports were also critically damaged. Therefore the majority of humanitarian assistance had to be routed via Santo Domingo (Dominican Republic) to Haiti. The limited port and storage infrastructures in other Haitian towns prevented these from being used as ports of entry.

In order to respond to the emergency, and to cover the lack of storage capacity in the shortest time, WFP/Logistics Cluster and different NGOs and International Organizations set up Mobile Storage Units (MSUs), not only in Port au Prince, but also in other sites such as Cap Haitien, Gonaives, Les Cayes, Jacmel, Saint Marc and Hinche. While the MSUs provide an immediate solution during the emergency response, they are not sustainable or suitable during times of heavy rains, tornados and hurricanes. MSUs are typically made from canvas, are difficult to secure, can be torn from the ground and blown away by heavy winds and flooded by rains. Furthermore MSUs are not designed to be earthquake proof. Reliable stores have been rented in Gonaives and Cap Haitian. The rest of the country does not have proper facilities that could be used instead, to release some pressure on Port-au-Prince structures. Hence, this lack of capacity, especially up country, concentrates the bulk of humanitarian storage in the capital, even though there facilities are also insufficient. Therefore, main humanitarian actors, such as WFP, UNICEF, IOM and also MINUSTAH, set up their own facilities by opening container years or MSU farms. The Haitian private sector is trying little by little to offer storage opportunities, but in case of another emergency the available capacity will be again insufficient. The current reception capacity could be a problem in case of large air- and sea arrivals.Current port infrastructures are unable to cope with massive container arrivals. Space at container yards and handling equipment are insufficient and tracking is inadequate, which causes a delay in deliveries.

After the 2010 earthquake, the Port-au-Prince International Airport became the main humanitarian aid entry point and spaces around the air strip were used as storage spaces menacing the flight safety. Haitian Authorities tolerated the situation only for a few months, but alternatives other than open space storage are not available at the airport. Custom bounded warehouses are available only for parcel post and for some limited cargo. Given the absence of facilities, all cargo has to be evacuated immediately from the airport. A private park that could be utilized at this scope is the “Airport Industrial Park” located close to the airport perimeter, but its facilities are not developed and only open space storage is available.

Commercial Storage

Relatively reliable commercial storage can be found only in Port-au-Prince, Gonaives and Cap Haitien. The rest of the country does not have adequate structures. WFP considers launching a nation wide warehouse construction project.

Most of the large warehouse spaces commercially available are factories converted to warehouses after the manufacture sector decreased its productions.

Warehouse management companies in the capital are able to provide handling and management services:

LocationOwnerAvailable for rentCapacityTypeAccessCondition
Port au Prince
SHODECOSA
Yes
Various dimension
concreete/steel
Fair
Good
Gonaives
SHODECOSA
n/a
12,000 MT
Concrete/steel
Good
Good
Port au Prince
Brandt
Yes
20,000 MT
Concrete /steel
Good
Good
Tabarre
Yves Coles
Yes
12,000 MT plus 60sqm open air
Concrete/ steel
Good
Good

[1] Warehouse Type: Open storage, container, rub-hall, silo, concrete, other, unspecified

[2] Warehouse Access: Raised-siding, flat

[3] Warehouse condition: Appears intact, appears damaged, under construction/repair

Storage Used by Humanitarian Organizations

Joint storage facilities are offered by WFP in Port-au-Prince, Jacmel, Les Cayes, Gonavies and Cap Haitien, and in the near future also in Jeremie and Port-de-Paix. Others are UNICEF, who manages a storage space of 3,860 sqm in Port-au-Prince, IOM with 3,400 sqm and IFRC with 4,500 sqm.

Handicap International manages an inter-agency warehouse in Petit Goave (700sqm covered in tents, 400sqm open space). 

All Hands Volunteer offer storage space in Leogane at their Joint Logistics Base (JLB). 6,000smq of open storage space and 1,000 sqm covered. 

LocationOrganisationSharing possibilityCapacityTypeAccessCondition
Port au Prince
UNICEF
n/a
3860
Tents
Good
Good
Port au Prince
IOM
n/a
3400
Tents
Good
Good
Port au Prince
IFRC
n/a
4800
n/a
Good
Good

Public Sector Storage

Relatively reliable commercial storage can be found only in Port-au-Prince, Gonaives and Cap Haitien. The rest of the country does not have adequate structures. WFP considers launching a nation-wide warehouse construction project. Most of the large warehouse spaces commercially available are factories converted to warehouses after the manufacture sector decreased its productions. In Port-au-Prince it is possible to find warehouse management companies able to provide full services.

The only public sector warehouse, organized and fully equipped, is PROMESS (Programme on Essential Medicines and Supplies), the National Pharmacy depot, which is managed by the Ministry of Public Health in collaboration with WHO. The warehouse stores only medical equipment. Its capacity can be augmented with external storage under tents. The warehouse network of the Ministry of Public Health consists also of small regional warehouses, so-called “Centres Departamentaux d’Approvisionemment en Intrants”, set up in the following locations: OUEST Petit Goâve 30.38 smq NORD Cap Haïtien 150 smq NORD-EST Fort Liberté 290.68 smq NORD- OUEST Port de Paix 78.5 smq , Jean Rabel SUD Cayes Compartiment 1: 200smq Compartiment 2: 200smq SUD-EST Jacmel 72smq ARTIBONITE Gonaïves 180.7 smq St Marc 92.12 smq GRAND ANSE Jérémie 200 smq PLATEAU CENTRAL Hinche (ZL) 91.4 smq Cange (P) 61 smq NIPPES Miragoâne 50 smq.

LocationMinistry / Agency

Use Possibility

(Yes / No)

Capacity

mt / m² / m³

Type*Access**Condition***
Port au PrinceMSPP/WHOn/a2900sqmConcrete/steelgoodgood

Cold Chain

A cold room of 100 sqm is available in Port-au-Prince at PROMESS, the National Pharmacy depot, which is jointly managed by the Ministry of Public Health and WHO. None of the departmental depots have cold room facilities. Some community vaccination projects have solar fridges. No adequate vehicles for cold chain supplies are available. Medicines are transported in cool boxes.

Location

Organisation / Owner

Type [1]

Cooling /  Power [2]

Quantity

Total Capacity

Condition

Port au Prince

MSPP/WHO

Nationa Parmacy

Generators

Four of 150kw each

100sqm

good


[1] Cold Room Positive, Cold Room Negative, Refrigerator, Freezer,

[2] Compression, Absorption, Solar, Other, unspecified

For information on Haiti Storage Assessment contact details, please see the following link: 

4.5 Haiti Storage and Milling Company Contact List

For information on Haiti Storage Additional details, please see the following document: 

Haiti Humanitarian Logistics Storage Map

Haiti Humanitarian Warehouses & Assets

Haiti WFP Warehouses