Haj Omran is one of the four international entry borders to the Kurdistan Region of Iraq (KRI) from Iran. The border is open for passengers as well as cargo. At the time of the assessment, the national Red Cross and the Red Crescent have been the only humanitarian organisations to explore this option.
Border Crossing Location and Contact
Name of Border Crossing
Iraq: Haj Omran
Province or District
Nearest Town or City with Distance from Border Crossing
Town Name: Choman Town (30 kms)
City Name: Erbil City (180 kms)
Managing Authority / Agency
Directorate of Haj Omran Customs
Nearest International Airport
Erbil International Airport (180 km)
Nearest location with functioning wholesale markets, or with significant manufacturing or production capacity
The distance between Erbil and Haj Omran is around 180 km. The road is well used but very winding in places with narrow bridges.
Erbil- Haj Omran Road
Hours of Operation
Closed 3 days per year:
The border crossing has separate crossing lines for trucks and cars, with no reported congestion or operational gaps.
There are no restrictions on items from any countries. Only items purchased in Iran are required to cross-load trucks at the border. However, this does not apply to humanitarian items/agencies.
Trucks are subject to inspection at the border by sampling, and all food items have to be tested. Even if trucks are cleared to move to final destination, food items cannot be distributed until the testing results are received.
No temperature-controlled facilities for food is available; however, a cold chain warehouse is under construction (as of October 2017). Pharmaceuticals have to be transported in reefer trucks, especially in the summer.
There is a warehouse where cargo can be stored in case of delays with clearance. No fee is charged to humanitarian organisations for the first week. After the stipulated period, a cost of 5,000 IQD/mt/night is applicable.
There is a truck-parking bay 30 kms from the border where trucks can be hired depending on the capacity needed. The parking bay can accommodate more than 40 trucks/trailers.
Humanitarian organisations need to have an approval letter ready (prior to the arrival of shipments at the border), in order to avoid any delays leading to storage charges and/or damage of goods.
The Government entities at the border crossing point include: the Directorate of Haj Omran Customs, who are the managing authority at the border crossing; the Ministry of Health (MoH) representatives in charge of the inspection of medicines that must receive a stamped approval from the Kurdistan Medical Control Agency (KMCA) in Erbil; the Quality Control department; and the Security department.
There are also representatives from the Ministry of Agriculture (MoA) in charge of the inspection of agricultural products and animals. The laboratories and inspection facilities are in Choman town, 30 kms west the Haj Omran crossing point.
No customs fee is required if the organisation has a tax exemption letter. However, customs clearance charges apply and are to be paid to the customs agents. There are between 40 and 50 custom brokers working at the entry point.
Required documents for customs clearance:
Packing list- sent with the request to JCC Erbil
In English and Kurdish
Certificate of Origin (CoO)
Certification of Conformity (CoC)
Needed for specific item; Please find attached a list of products that require a CoC: CoC Required Product List
Certificate of Analysis from country of origin (CoA)
Medical shipments only
Invoice /Certificate of Donation
KMCA clearance list/approval letter
Medical shipments only
JCC approval letter
Tax Exemption Letter (TEL)
Product description and technical details
Brochure from supplier helps in the process
Document to accompany the truck
For special commodities that require it (medical, fertilizers…etc)
Documents 1 - 5 are to be attached on the organisation’s request to the Joint Crisis Coordination (JCC) Centre, depending on the nature of cargo imported. Approval letters 6 - 8 are needed for customs clearance at the crossing point; these will be issued at/by the JCC. Documents 9 - 11 are supporting/shipment documents that truck drivers/custom brokers are required to carry.
The documents required for the different types of items imported and the customs procedures are the same as for Ibrahim Khalil, except that the lab test for the samples at Haj Omran is free of charge.
Please find more information on customs clearance procedures of the Kurdistan Regional Government (KGR) on the LCA for Ibrahim Khalil at the following link: 2.3.4 Iraq Border Crossing of Ibrahim Khalil .
Other Relevant Information
For more information on government contact details, please see the following link: 4.2.1 Iraq Government Contact List .