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Indonesia Aceh and Sumatra Road Network

For information on Indonesia Road Network contact details, please see the following link:

4.2.1 Indonesia Government Contact List

The national road length in Aceh was 1,803 km (as of 2009).  The provincial road in Aceh was 1,701 km (as of 2009).

There are 794 bridges; where 659 bridges are in good condition, while 135 bridges are damaged, broken or under maintenance.

Roads Assessments Overview

There are 3 major roads access from North Sumatra to Aceh province:

  • Eastern Road; from Medan city – Binjai – Stabat - Pangkalan Brandan - Besitang (border of Aceh).
  • Central Road; from Medan city – Brastagi – Kabanjahe - Kota Buluh (border of Aceh).
  • Western Road: from Medan city – Brastagi – Kabanjahe - Sidikalang (border of Aceh).

Banda Aceh City is the main logistics centre and hub to supply the following districts/cities:

  • Banda Aceh City
  • Sabang City (Island)
  • Aceh Besar District (Jantho, Sare, Krueng Raya, Lhoong)
  • Aceh Pidie District (Sigli, Beureuneun, Tangse, Geumpang)
  • Aceh Jaya District (Lamno, and some part of Aceh Jaya)

Lhokseumawe City is the main logistics centre and hub to supply the following districts/cities:

  • Lhokseumawe City
  • Aceh Utara District (Lhoksukon City, Panton Labu Sub-District)
  • Bireun District
  • Bener Meriah District (through Bireun District)
  • Aceh Tengah District (through Bireun District)
  • Gayo Lues District (through Bireun District)
  • Pidie Jaya District (Meureudu City, Samalanga Sub-District)

Meulaboh City of Aceh Barat District is the main logistics centre and hub to supply the following districts/cities:

  • Aceh Barat District
  • Aceh Jaya District (most of; Calang City, Teunom, Sampoiniet)
  • Nagan Raya District (Jeuram City, Tutut)
  • Aceh Barat Daya District (Blang Pidie City, Labuhan Haji, Susoh)

Goods supplied to Nias Island are via Sibolga city as the main hub.

Banda Aceh – Lhokseumawe – Medan (607 km)

  • This national highway route is suitable as the main supply route.
  • The eastern coastal roadway from Banda Aceh to Medan is a developed national highway passing through major towns/cities in Aceh and North Sumatra.
  • The average traveling speed is 40-60 km/hours due to road congestion, conditions and regular maintenance issues.
  • Certain stretches of the road may deteriorate during the rainy season and localized flooding can causes some areas to be impassable for limited period of time.
  • The flood prone areas include; Aceh Utara, Aceh Timur and Aceh Tamiang districts, meanwhile for landslide is not a major issue for the east coast road network.
  • Traveling during rainy season required special attention on potential flooding area. Limited by pass routes as there are narrower and subject to flooding.

Medan – Kutacane – Blang Kejeren – Takengon – Bireuen (571 km)

  • This national highway route is not suitable for supply route.
  • The central roadway from Medan to Kutacane, Blang Kejeren, Takengon and Bireuen passes through mountainous areas.
  • The road conditions are very narrow, hilly, slick, steep and winding.  This can limit traveling speed to about 25-35 km/hour.
  • Road maintenance and rehabilitation is common in the mountains area of Aceh.
  • Traveling during rainy season required special attention on potential landslide and flash floods areas.
  • Traveling from/to Bireuen/Takengon may require 4 x 4 vehicles especially at Cot Panglima.

Banda Aceh – Meulaboh (249 km)

  • This national highway route is suitable as the main supply route to the western coast of Aceh.
  • The western coastal roadway from Banda Aceh to Meulaboh includes all-weather asphalt highway construction, unpaved roads and roads under construction.
  • Currently up to 95% of road construction has been completed.  The last section is under construction located in Lam Beso village near Lamno, however the road is passable for vehicles.
  • Current traveling speed along this western coastal road is averaging at 40-60km/hour (due to some mountainous, bumpy and winding sections).

 

Meulaboh – Subulussalam – Medan (561 km)

  • This national highway route is suitable as the main supply route from Medan city to the southern districts of Aceh; Subulussalam, Singkil, Tapaktuan and Blang Pidie.
  • The western coastal roadway from Meulaboh to Medan via Subulussalam city is officially a national highway passing through major towns/cities in Aceh and North Sumatra.
  • This highway is in fairly good condition passing hilly, steep and winding road contours limiting traveling speed to about 40 km/hour.
  • There are few sections on the road from Trumon to Subulussalam which is very steep to climb and often require a 4x4 vehicle to pull-up Engkel trucks (carrying goods above 15 tons) and Intercooler trucks (carrying goods above 20 tons).
  • The maintenance and rehabilitation is mostly to repair the road damaged due to landslides and floods.
  • Traveling during rainy season required special attention on potential landslides area.

Medan – Pematang Siantar – Sibolga (349 km)

  • This national highway route is suitable as the main supply route from Medan city to the southern districts of North Sumatra province.
  • The eastern coastal roadway from Medan to Sibolga crossing the central area of North Sumatra from Northeast to the Southwest direction.
  • This highway is in fairly good condition passing hilly, steep and winding road contours limiting travelling speed to about 40 km/hour.
  • There are few sections of the road from Tarutung to Sibolga which is very steep to climb and a fair condition road with hilly and winding sections with medium to deep pot-holes and badly eroded road shoulders.
  • Certain stretch of the highway is vulnerable to potential landslides during the rainy season. Only short-wheel based flatbed or low bed is recommended for travel along this stretch due to two obvious narrow cave tunnels with abrupt short corner
  • Travelling during rainy season required special attention on potential landslides area.

Cargo Terminals

There are cargo terminals established in the following locations in Aceh - Banda Aceh city, Meulaboh city and Langsa city.  Cargo terminals were built as transit points for trucks from Medan or other locations.  The goods then transferred into smaller trucks before entering the cities. The purpose of cargo terminals is to prevent damage to road and congestion in cities. All cargo terminals are operated by Transport Department at the respective locations.

Road Classification

Province

Road Network

Corridor

Distance

(Km)

Road Condition

Road Surface

Maximum Load 

(Ton)

Average Speed

(Km/h)

National Road

Aceh

East Coast Road

Banda Aceh - Sigli

112

Good, hilly, winding

Asphalt

20

40

National Road

Aceh

East Coast Road

Sigli - Bireun

106

Good

Asphalt

20

60

National Road

Aceh

East Coast Road

Bireun - Lhokseumawe

56

Good

Asphalt

20

60

National Road

Aceh

East Coast Road

Lhokseumawe - Langsa

163

Good

Asphalt

20

60

National Road

Aceh

East Coast Road

Langsa - Border of Aceh in Aceh Tamiang

52

Good, hilly

Asphalt

20

50

National Road

North Sumatra

East Coast Road

Border of Aceh in Aceh Tamiang - Medan

118

Good

Asphalt

20

50

National Road

North Sumatra

Central Road

Medan - Kabanjahe

74

Average, steep, mountains, slick,  winding

Asphalt

15

35

National Road

North Sumatra

Central Road

Kabanjahe - Border of Aceh in Kota Buluh

104

Damages, steep, mountains, narrow, winding

Asphalt

5

25

National Road

North Sumatra

Central Road

Border of Aceh in Kota Buluh - Kutacane

32

Good, narrow

Asphalt

15

50

National Road

Aceh

Central Road

Kutacane - Blang Kejeren

104

Average, steep, mountains, narrow, slick, winding

Asphalt

5

30

National Road

Aceh

Central Road

Blang Kejeren - Takengon

156

Average, steep, mountains, narrow, slick, winding

Asphalt

5

30

National Road

Aceh

Central Road

Takengon - Bireun

101

Damages, steep, mountains, muddy, slick, winding

Asphalt

5

25

National Road

Aceh

West Coast Road

Banda Aceh - Lamno

81

Good, hilly, narrow, winding

Asphalt

15

35

National Road

Aceh

West Coast Road

Lamno - Calang

75

Good

Asphalt

25

60

National Road

Aceh

West Coast Road

Calang - Meulaboh

93

Good, bumpy

Asphalt

20

50

National Road

Aceh

West Coast Road

Meulaboh - Tapaktuan

200

Good, hilly, winding

Asphalt

20

50

National Road

Aceh

West Coast Road

Tapaktuan - Subulussalam

150

Good, hilly, steep incline, winding

Asphalt

15

35

National Road

Aceh

West Coast Road

Subulussalam - Singkil

89

Good, hilly, winding

Asphalt

15

40

National Road

Aceh

West Coast Road

Subulussalam - Border of Aceh in Subulussalam

12

Good

Asphalt

20

50

National Road

North Sumatra

West Coast Road

Border of Aceh in Subulussalam - Sidikalang

46

Good, hilly, narrow, winding

Asphalt

15

35

National Road

North Sumatra

West Coast Road

Sidikalang - Medan

153

Average, hilly, mountains, narrow, winding

Asphalt

15

35

National Road

North Sumatra

Sibolga Road

Medan – Sibolga

(via Pematang Siantar)

348

Good, mountains, narrow, winding

Asphalt

15

40

National Road

North Sumatra

Sibolga Road

Sibolga - Medan

(via Kabanjahe)

329

Good, mountains, narrow, winding

Asphalt

15

40

National Road

Aceh Province

Simeulue Island Road

Sinabang – Kampung Aie – Nasreuheu – Lafakha - Langi

138

Average, hilly, narrow, winding

Asphalt

5

25

National Road

Aceh Province

Simeulue Island Road

Sinabang – Sibigo

104

Good, hilly, narrow, winding

Asphalt

10

30

National Road

Aceh Province

Simeulue Island Road

Sibigo - Langi

49

damages, hilly, narrow, winding

Asphalt

5

25

National Road

North Sumatra

Nias Island Road

Gunung Sitoli – Teluk Dalam

102

Average, hilly, narrow, winding

Asphalt

15

40

National Road

North Sumatra

Nias Island Road

Gunung Sitoli – Lahewa

68

Average, hilly, narrow, winding

Asphalt

15

40

Alternative Road

Aceh

East & West Coasts Road

Sigli - Meulaboh

(via Geumpang)

229

Accessible, average, mountains, winding

Asphalt

5

30

Alternative Road

Aceh

West Coast & Central Road

Meulaboh – Takengon (via Beutong)

225

Accessible, average, steep, mountains,

very narrow, slick, winding

Asphalt

2

20

Alternative Road

Aceh

East Coast & Central Road

Peureulak - Lokop

65

Accessible, damages, hilly

Soil

3

20

Alternative Road

Aceh

West Coast & Central Road

Lokop - Blang Kejeren

100

Inaccessible due to bridges collapsed

Soil

-

-

Alternative Road

Aceh

West Coast & Central Road

Babah Rot –

Blang Kejeren

128

Accessible, damages, mountains, slick, steep, winding

Gravel

2

15

Alternative Road

Aceh

Central & West Coast Road

Kutacane – Subulussalam

(via Muara Situlan)

Unknown

Accessible up to 38 kms only, due to road damages,

muddy, narrow, winding

Soil

1

10

Distance Matrix

Distances from Capital City to Major Towns (km) – Eastern Coast Roadway

 

Banda Aceh

Sigli

Bireun

Lhokseumawe

Lhoksukon

Langsa

Kuala Simpang

Border- Watas Tamiang

Banda Aceh

0

112

218

274

305

437

471

491

Sigli

112

0

106

162

193

325

359

377

Bireun

218

106

0

56

87

219

253

271

Lhokseumawe

274

162

56

0

31

163

197

215

Lhoksukon

305

193

87

31

0

132

166

184

Langsa

437

325

219

163

132

0

34

52

Kuala Simpang

471

359

253

197

166

34

0

18

Border-

Watas Tamiang

491

377

271

215

184

52

18

0

Distances from Capital City to Major Towns (km) – Western Coast Roadway

 

Banda Aceh

Lamno

Calang

Meulaboh

Blang Pidie

Tapak Tuan

Subulussalam

Border- Sidikalang

Banda Aceh

0

81

156

249

375

449

599

611

Lamno

81

0

75

168

294

368

518

581

Calang

156

75

0

93

219

293

443

506

Meulaboh

249

168

93

0

126

200

350

413

Blang Pidie

375

294

219

126

0

74

224

287

Tapak Tuan

449

368

293

200

74

0

150

213

Subulussalam

599

518

443

350

224

150

0

63

Border- Sidikalang

611

581

506

413

287

213

63

0

Travel Time from Capital City to Major Towns (hours) Eastern coast roadway

 

Banda Aceh

Sigli

Bireun

Lhokseumawe

Lhoksukon

Langsa

Kuala Simpang

Border-Watas Tamang

Banda Aceh

0

2

4

5

6

8:15

9

9:30

Sigli

2

0

2

3

3:45

6:15

7

7:30

Bireun

4

2

0

1

1:45

4:15

5

5:30

Lhokseumawe

5

3

1

0

0:45

3:15

5

4:30

Lhoksukon

5:45

3:45

1:45

0:45

0

2:30

3:15

3:45

Langsa

8:15

6:15

4:15

3:15

3:30

0

0:45

1:15

Kuala Simpang

9

7

5

4

3:15

0:45

0

0:30

Border-

Watas Tamang

9:30

7:30

5:30

4:30

3:45

1:15

0:30

0

Travel Time from Capital City to Major Towns (hours) Western coast roadway

 

Banda Aceh

Lamno

Calang

Meulaboh

Blang Pidie

Tapak Tuan

Subulussalam

Border- Sidikalang

Banda Aceh

0

1:45

3:45

5:15

7:45

9:15

12

12:30

Lamno

1:45

0

2

3:30

6

7:30

10:15

11:45

Calang

3:45

2

0

1:30

4

5:30

8:15

9:45

Meulaboh

5:15

3:30

1:30

0

2:30

4

6:45

8:15

Blang Pidie

7:45

6

4

2:30

0

1:30

4:15

5:45

Tapak Tuan

9:15

7:30

6:30

4

1:30

0

2:45

4:15

Subulussalam

12

10:15

8:15

6:45

4:15

2:45

0

1:30

Border- Sidikalang

12:30

11:45

9:45

8:15

5:45

4:15

1:30

0

Road Security

Since commencement of peace agreement between Free Aceh Movements (GAM) and Government of Indonesia in 2005, the road security has been improved.

 It is recommended to check with UNDSS to understand if there are any current travel restrictions before undertaking a road journey.

Weighbridges and Axle Load Limits

  • The maximum tonnage that can be carried via East coast route through Aceh is up to 26 tons and via the West coast route up to 21 tons due to differentiation of axle load limitations.
  • Aceh province operates 2 weighbridges.  Both are stationed at the border of Aceh and North Sumatra.
  • The weighbridge in the east coast of Aceh is located in Seumadam of Aceh Tamiang district.  Meanwhile for west coast is located in Jontor in Subulussalam city.
  • North Sumatra province operates 2 weighbridges located in the border of Aceh in east and west coasts.  They are Gebang weighbridge in Langkat district and Sidikalang weighbridge in Dairi district.  All trucks from Medan that are travelling to the East Coast of Aceh should travel through the Gebang weighbridge.
  • Trucks from central road access of Aceh Tenggara district will be weighted at Sibolangit weighbridge in Karo district
  • The road classifications in Aceh province based on the axle load limits are:
  • Road from Medan to Banda Aceh via east coast stand at class III A.
  • Road from Medan to Banda Aceh via west coast road stand at class III B.
  • Road from Medan to Banda Aceh via central road stand at class III C.

Axle load limits

Aceh

Truck with 2 axles

18mt

Truck with 3 axles

20mt

Road Class and Surface Conditions

  • There are many bridges found in the 3 main roads networks from North Sumatra to Aceh province.
  • Most of the bridges were made from heavy-load metal and concrete, can easily support all kind of trucks with maximum < 30 tons trucks.
  • Smaller bridges were made from reinforced concrete, these bridges support up to 20 tons trucks.

There are very few wooden bridges in Aceh (temporary while construction is on-going, typically these kinds of bridges can support up to 10 tons loads.