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Tajikistan Road Network


Tajikistan has an estimated 30,000 km of roads, nearly all of which were built before 1991. One main north-south artery runs across the mountains between the north-western city of Khujand and Dushanbe in the central part of the country. A second main artery runs east from Dushanbe to Khorog in Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province (GBAO), then northeast across the mountains to Murghab and on either to the Kyrgyz city of Osh or to Kashgar, China via the Kulma border crossing. 

Major improvements have been going on the existing highway network in Tajikistan in the last 7 years shortening trucking times and cost between major cities and to key border points. Spurred by remittances from Tajik guest workers in Russia, there has been a sharp increase in car and other vehicles ownership. Vehicle and fuel taxes have provided the budget funds for road improvements, along with loans from countries who win road contracts and from international development banks for some of the major projects. Chinese, Turkish and Iranian companies have all won major road construction contracts backed by loans from their countries. 

Major highway projects: 

  • Khujand – Dushanbe: Key route between the two largest cities forms part of the M-34 north – south route to Tashkent. Two tunnels completed in 2012 through the 3200-meter Shakhristan pass along with dozens of avalanche galleries keep the highway open year-round. A private operator (IRS) collects tolls and maintains the highway. 
  • Kurgantyube – Nijny Pyanj: Reconstruction of this heavily used section of two-lane highway with wide shoulders was completed in 2013 with funding from Japan, as such the road to the Afghan border crossing is now excellent. 
  • Dushanbe – Turzunsade: The road extending eastwards 78 km from Dushanbe to the Uzbekistan border is being converted partly into a four-lane highway with construction to be completed this year. 
  • Dushanbe – Kulyab: A new highway with two long tunnels over the 3200-high mountain pass has shortened the trucking time for this segment of the route to Khorog in the Pamirs. 
  • Kulyab – Darvaz: Sections of the new M-41 highway through the Pyanj River gorge have been completed but widening and paving of the highway over Shurobad pass from Kulyab into the Pyanj river valley is still underway. Several major bridges are awaiting completion over streams feeding the Pyanj River.  
  • Murghab – Kulma (Chinese border): A Chinese company is rebuilding the highway from the border to Murghab over a 4000-meter pass.  

The Ministry of Transport and Communications of Tajikistan is responsible for all issues related to the transport infrastructure construction and maintenance of roads. The structure of the ministry is as follows: 

  • Management 
  • Central Directorate of Road Transport 
  • Central Directorate of Road Construction 
  • Central Directorate of Communication and Information 
  • Central Directorate of Civil Aviation 
  • Directorate of Analysis and Economic prognosis 
  • Directorate of International relations 
  • Directorate of Finance and Accounting 
  • Directorate of Affairs 
  • Directorate of Transport Security 
  • Department of Human Resources 


Ministry of Transport & Communication - Contact Names & Email 

Telephone & Fax 

Name: Farida Yokubzoda 

Title: Head of Department of International Relations  

Email: yokubzoda@yahoo.com 

Web: www.mintranscom.tj/eng/ 

Tel: + 992 37 221 1190 

Fax: + 992 37 221 1766 

Directorate of Road Transport 

Email: rnr@mintrans.tj 

Tel: + 992 37 222 22 15 

 

Directorate of Road Construction 

Email: rshr@mintrans.tj 

Tel: + 992 37 222 22 04 

Directorate of Civil Aviation 

Email: caa@mintrans.tj 

Tel: + 992 37 251 02 78 

Directorate of Analysis and Economic prognosis 

Email: rtdi@mintrans.tj 

Tel: + 992 37 222 22 05 

Directorate of International relations 

Email: rrb@mintrans.tj 

Tel: + 992 37 251 02 79 

Directorate of Finance and Accounting 

Email: rmbm@mintrans.tj 

Tel: + 992 37 222 22 08 

 

For more information on government contact details, please see the following link: 4.1 Tajikistan Government Contact List

Distance Matrix

Distances from Capital City to Major Towns (km) 

 

Dushanbe 

Kurgantyube 

Kulyab 

Aini 

Panjakent 

Khujand 

Rasht 

Khorog 

Dushanbe 

 

100 

202 

164 

255 

341 

187 

527 

Kurgantyube 

100 


102 

264 

355 

441 

237 

427 

Kulyab 

202 

102 


366 

457 

543 

252 

325 

Aini 

164 

264 

366 


92 

177 

351 

691 

Panjakent 

255 

355 

457 

92 


269 

442 

782 

Khujand 

341 

441 

543 

177 

269 


528 

868 

Rasht 

187 

237 

252 

351 

442 

528 


377 

Khorog 

527 

427 

325 

691 

782 

868 

377 



Road Security 

Road security is generally good in Tajikistan both in urban and rural areas.  Landslides and avalanches in mountainous areas sometimes pose a risk of stranding groups of vehicles for several hours. The tunnel on Anzob passes between Khujand and Dushanbe. UNDSS provides a daily email report on road conditions throughout Tajikistan. It can be requested by writing to: unecc@undp.org. 

Weighbridges and Axle Load Limits 

Official load limits are 24 mt. In practice 40 mt loads are allowed on most major highways and much larger loads are permitted on an exceptional basis. In the eastern Pamirs (GBAO) China made Fura trucks regularly haul 60 mt loads as far as truck terminals either in Murghab or 30 km before Khorog at Tang, where the loads are transferred to trucks carrying 25 to 40 mt.  For Dulon trucks hauling from Khujand to Dushanbe 35 mt loads or larger are the norm despite smaller official load limits. 

Axle Load Limits 

LCA Country (Tajikistan ) 

Transit Country #1 (Uzbekistan ) 

Transit Country #2 (China ) 

Truck with 2 Axles 

12,000 

12,000 

12,000 

Truck with 3 Axles 

20,000 

20,000 

20,000 

Truck with 4 Axles 

24,000 

24,000 

24,000 

Road Class and Surface Conditions