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Nigeria has the largest road network in West Africa. According to the Government Infrastructure Concession Regulatory Commission, Nigeria has about 195,000 km of road network of which about 60,000 km are paved (2019). 

Most of the major road networks were constructed in the 80s and early 90s. As a result of poor maintenance and low-quality materials used for repairs, the condition of roads is deteriorating. Travelling is very difficult, and sometimes almost impossible in many areas on secondary roads during the raining season due to potholes and eroded, uneven surfaces.    

Nigeria’s most important highways run from South to North and were designed to bring produce from the hinterlands to the coast for export and to link the economies of old Northern and Southern Nigeria. These highways are labelled the A1, A2, A3 and A4. All other major roads in the country originate from these four. 

In its 2018 budget the Government allocated N295 billion ($ 819mil) for road capital works and maintenance so there are ongoing programs to upgrade and maintain these main thoroughfares.   

For more information on government contact details, please see the following link: 4.1 Nigeria Government Contact List

Distance Matrix 

Distances from Capital City to Major Towns (km) 

 

Abuja 

Lagos 

Port Harcourt 

Enugu 

Kaduna 

Kano 

Maiduguri 

Bauchi 

Abuja 

 

747 

647 

475 

188 

445 

853 

462 

Lagos 

747 

 

616 

560 

897 

1130 

1698 

1206 

Port Harcourt 

647 

616 

 

227 

789 

1022 

1367 

917 

Enugu 

475 

560 

227 

 

614 

847 

1142 

756 

Kaduna  

188 

897 

789 

614 

 

235 

804 

402 

Kano 

445 

1130 

1022 

847 

235 

 

564 

319 

Maiduguri  

853 

1698 

1367 

1142 

804 

564 

 

412 

Bauchi 

462 

1206 

917 

756 

402 

319 

412 

 

Source: www.distance-cities.com 

 

Travel Time from Capital City to Major Towns (Hours) 

 

Abuja 

Lagos 

Port Harcourt 

Enugu 

Kaduna 

Kano 

Maiduguri 

Bauchi 

Abuja 

 

11 

11 

7 

2.5 

7   

12 

7 

Lagos 

11 

 

9 

8 

13 

15 

23 

18 

Port Harcourt 

11 

9 

 

4 

12 

15 

21 

15 

Enugu  

7 

8 

4 

 

8 

11 

17 

11 

Kaduna  

3 

13 

12 

9 

 

3 

10 

6 

Kano 

7 

15 

15 

11 

3 

 

8 

5 

Maiduguri 

12 

23 

21 

17 

10 

8 

 

6 

Bauchi 

7 

18 

15. 

11 

6 

5 

6 

 

Source: www.distancesfrom.com 

Road Security 

There is a high level of insecurity on Nigerian roads once outside metropolitan areas, with many reports of armed criminals stopping travellers resulting in robbery and kidnappings. The risk is particularly high after dark and on secondary roads where traffic is forced to slow down as a result of poor surface conditions.  

Local risk status should be checked with trusted official security forces before attempting road travel and armed escorts are required in many areas as a result of criminal activity.   

There is a constant risk of collision as a result of poor road conditions and repair works that result in traffic changing lanes without warning and turning single lane expressways into 2-way traffic at any time. 

Numerous police checkpoints can add considerably to travel times and all documentation relating to vehicles and passengers should be in order and carried to avoid further delays at these checkpoints. 

Weighbridges and Axle Load Limits 

Axle Load Limits 

Nigeria 

     ECOWAS Transit countries  

Truck with 2 Axles 

18 Tons 

18 Tons 

Truck with 3 Axles 

26 Tons 

26 Tons 

Truck with 4 Axles 

31 Tons 

31 Tons 

Semi-trailer with 3 Axles 

26 Tons 

26 Tons 

Semi-trailer with 4 Axles 

38 Tons 

38 Tons 

Semi-trailer with 5 Axles 

43 Tons 

43 Tons 

Semi-trailer with 6 Axles 

51 Tons 

51 Tons 

Truck & Drawbar Trailer with 4 Axles 

38 Tons 

38 Tons 

Truck & Drawbar Trailer with 5 Axles 

46 Tons 

46 Tons 

Truck & Drawbar Trailer with 6 Axles 

59 Tons 

59 Tons 

Truck & Drawbar Trailer with 7 Axles 

64 Tons 

64 Tons 

It should be noted that weighbridges are rarely used and trucks are often overloaded.

Road Class and Surface Condition   

Classification 

  

Class: TR  

TRUNK ROADS (A = Federal, B = State and C = Local govt. roads resp.)  

Class: BR  

BRANCH ROUTES  

Class: BS  

BORDER SPUR  

Class: SR  

SECONDARY ROUTES  

Class: (A/C)  

ASPHALTIC CONCRETE ROADS  

Class: (E/R)  

EARTH ROADS  

Class: (S/D)  

SURFACE DRESSED ROADS  

Trunk Road “A” 

Trunk Road “A” forms the skeleton of the national road grid. It cuts across regional boundaries in the country. This class of road is constructed, maintained and financed by the Federal Government through the Federal Ministry of Works and Housing.   

Trunk Road “B”

Trunk Road “B” is the second category of main roads in Nigeria. It links the major cities within States. These roads are financed by the State governments. They are tarred roads.  

Trunk Road “C” 

Trunk Road “C” are local feeder roads constructed and maintained by the Works Department of local government authorities in Nigeria. This class of road is usually untarred and seasonal in nature.