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Overview

Roads are the predominant mode of transport in Nepal. Road network of Nepal is categorized into the strategic road network (SRN), which comprises of highways and feeder roads, and the local road network (LRN), comprising of district roads and Urban roads. Nepal’s road network consists of about 64,500 km of roads. Of these, about 13,500 km belong to the SRN, the core network of national highways and feeder roads connecting district headquarters.

 (Picture : Nepal Road Standard 2070)

The network density is low, at 14 kms per 100 km2 and 0.9 km per 1,000 people. 60% of the road network is concentrated in the lowland (Terai) areas. A Department of Roads (DoR’s) survey shows that 50% of the population of the hill areas still must walk two hours to reach an SRN road. Two of the 77 district headquarters, namely Humla, and Dolpa are yet to be connected to the SRN.

(Source: Sector Assessment [Summary]: Road Transport)

Primary Roads in Nepal

S.N.

Rd. Ref. No.

Name of Highway

Length (km)


Node Feature

Remarks

Start Point

End Point

1

H01

Mahendra Highway

1027.67

Mechi Bridge, Jhapa Border

Gadda chowki Border, Kanchanpur

East to West of Country

2

H02

Tribhuvan Highway

159.66

Tribhuvan Statue, Tripureshwor

Sirsiya Bridge, Birgunj Border

Connects biggest Customs to Capital

3

H03

Arniko Highway

112.83

Maitighar Junction, KTM

Friendship Bridge, Kodari Border

Connects Chinese border to Capital

4

H04

Prithvi Highway

173.43

Naubise (TRP)

Prithvi Chowk, Pokhara

Connects Province 3 to Province 4

5

H05

Narayanghat - Mugling Highway

36.16

Pulchowk, Naryanghat (PRM)

 Mugling

Naryanghat to Mugling

6

H06

Dhulikhel Sindhuli Bhittamod Highway

198

Bhittamod border, Jaleshwor

Dhulikhel (ARM)

135.94 Km. completed, Major route to eastern part of Country

7

H07

Mechi Highway

268.06

Kechana Border, Bhadrapur

Taplejung


8

H08

Koshi Highway

111.46

Rani Border, Biratnagar

Hile


9

H09

Sagarmatha Highway

265

Kadmaha, Saptari (MRM)

Solusalleri   Solukhumbu

53.97 km. completed

10

H010

Siddhartha Highway

181.22

Sunauli Border

Prithvi Chowk, Pokhara


11

H011

Rapti Highway

196

Ameliya, Dang (MRM)

Musikot, Rukum

168.54 km Completed

12

H012

Ratna Highway

113.08

Jamuniya Border, Nepalgunj

Bangesimal, Surkhet


13

H013

Karnali Highway

220

Surkhet, Bangesimal

Jumla, Kalikot

113 km Completed

14

H014

Mahakali Highway

320

Mohana Bridge, Dhangadhi Border

Darchula

307.76 km Completed

15

H015

Seti Highway

65.96

Syaule, Dadeldhura

Samuwagad - In Safe Road

Completed

16.

H017

Postal Highway

1792

Kechana Kawal

Dodhara

Alternative road to H01, east to west in Terai, ongoing project

17.


KTM-Terai Fast Track (Expressway)


Nijgarh, Bara

Khokana, Lalitpur

Prioritized Mega highway project

18.

H018

Pushpa Lal Highway

1,776

Chiyabhanjyang, Panchthar

Jhulalghat, Baitadi

Alternative road to H01, east to west in mid-hills, ongoing project

(Source: List of Strategic Road Network – National Highway Roads)

Major Road Construction Projects

Kathmandu Terai/Madhesh Expressway

The Expressway will be constructed by Nepali Army (NA). The Expressway consists of a dual carriageway with double lane high design speed highway. The overall 76.2 km (proposed) length stretches from Khokana (Lalitpur) to Nijgadh (Bara) interconnecting Kathmandu and Makwanpur district in between. The project has started and is planned to complete by May 2024.

(Source: Fast Track Road Project)

SASEC Road Connectivity Project

The South Asia Sub-Regional Economic Cooperation (SASEC) Road Connectivity Project is building alternative routes between the districts of Sunsari and Saptari to create year-round passable conditions along the East West Highway, especially across the Koshi River. The project is upgrading 73 km of bypass and border roads along the East-West Highway to two lanes and improving 114 km of another strategic roadway.

(Source: Nepal: South Asia Sub-regional Economic Cooperation Road Connectivity Project )

Construction of Major Highways Connecting East to West of Country

  • Pushpa Lal (Mid Hill) Highway Project: Pushpalal Highway’s (H18) proposed length 1776 km would be the longest highway of Nepal once completed. 850 km of the 1776 km has been blacktopped. The government has aimed to accomplish the Mid-Hill Highway by the fiscal year 2022/2023.
  • Madan Bhandari Inner Terai Highway: Inner Terai highway, an ongoing project once completed would extend 1200 km from east to west. The highway would run parallel to Mid Hill highway to the North and Mahendra Highway to the south.
  • East-West Postal Highway: The East-West Postal Highway, popularly known as Hulaki Marga, connects 20 districts in the southern Terai belt. The highway extends 975 km from east to west. The project also includes another 817 kms of roads that will connect all Tarai districts. Construction work has started on the road sections in Province 2. The progress has been slow.

These projects once completed would relieve pressure on Mahendra Highway by being alternative routes to traverse east to west of the country.

Ministry in Charge

Contact Names, Address & Email

Telephone & Fax

Ministry of Physical Infrastructure &

Transport

Mr. Shiva Hari Sapkota, Deputy Director General /Speaker

Department of Roads

Chakupat, Patan
Email: dgdor@dor.gov.np

Web: https://www.dor.gov.np/home

T: +977-1-5529075

F: +977-1-5529106

Summary of Role and Services

DOR is responsible for management of motorized surface transport infrastructure i.e. road transport regarding planning, designing, construction and maintenance activities of Strategic Road Network (SRN). Thus, maintenance of roads is one of the major tasks of Department of Roads. Also, it continuously develops and expands existing SRN to improve existing access to District Headquarters.

Ministry in Charge

Contact Names, Address & Email

Telephone & Fax

Ministry of Physical Infrastructure &

Transport

Ram Prasad Gauli,  Info Officer/ Office Secretary

Roads Board Nepal

N.K. Singh Marga, Minbhawan, Kathmandu Nepal

Email: info@rbn.org.np

Web: rbn.org.np

T: +-977-1-4493515

F: +-977-1-4493542

Summary of Role and Services

RBN is a self-governing, self-sustaining and organized entity based on Public-Private Partnership [PPP] model. The major function of RBN is to collect, manage and allocate fund for road maintenance to the Road Agencies. Board Requests Annual Road maintenance plan (ARMP) from Road Agencies to consolidate the report into one Integrated Annual Road maintenance plan (IARMP) to better allocate the fund.


For more information on government contact details, please see the following link: 4.1 Government Contact List.


Distance Matrix

Distances from Capital City to Province Capitals (km)


Kathmandu

Hetauda

Janakpur

Biratnagar

Bhairahawa

Pokhara

Birendranagar

Dhangadhi

Kathmandu


82

244

373

261

202

584

656

Hetauda

82


165

317

194

205

516

588

Janakpur

244

165


201

449

367

678

751

BIratnagar

373

317

201


508

519

803

903

Bhairahawa

261

194

449

508


179

333

406

Pokhara

202

205

367

519

179


478

551

BIrendranagar

584

516

678

803

333

478


243

Dhangadhi

656

588

751

903

406

551

243


Travel Time from Capital City to Province Capitals (hours)


Kathmandu

Hetauda

Janakpur

Biratnagar

Bhairahawa

Pokhara

Birendranagar

Dhangadhi

Kathmandu


3.25

6.75

8.75

7.50

5.50

13.25

14.50

Hetauda

3.25


3.75

6.50

4.5

5

11.25

12.50

Janakpur

6.75

3.75


4.25

10

8.50

14.75

16

BIratnagar

8.75

6.50

4.25


11

11.50

17.75

18.75

Bhairahawa

7.50

4.5

10

11


5.50

7.25

8.50

Pokhara

5.50

5

8.50

11.50

5.50


11.75

12.75

BIrendranagar

13.25

11.25

14.75

17.75

7.25

11.75


5.75

Dhangadhi

14.25

12.5

16

18.75

8.5

12.75

5.75



Road Security

The risk posed by the treacherous slope of mountains, the narrow width of the lanes, sharp corners and negligence and inexperience of drivers lead to approximately 4,622 annual traffic fatalities. Nepal’s fatality rate16 per 100K people and 400 per 100k registered vehicle is one of the highest rates in the continent and the world (WHO:2018). Road quality and frequent construction projects partially act as a control mechanism to limit speeding. Motorcycle accidents are frequent.

General strikes, or Bandhs, can involve blockage and shutdown of major roads. It is advisable to avoid travel during these strikes. The link provides the live data on fatality on the roads of Nepal

WHO 2018: Deaths on the Road.and Global Status Report On Road Safety 2018

Weighbridges and Axle Load Limits

The Department of Transport Management (DoTM) is mandated to control vehicle overloading in Nepal. A basic policy of vehicle overloading control has been included in National Transport Policy (2002) by the Government of Nepal, Ministry of Physical Infrastructure and Transport. However, no weighbridges are installed and operated by DoTM at present. The Federation of Truck Transport Entrepreneurs Nepal (FTTEN) is operating fifteen (15) weighbridges in major freight routes. 

Medium-sized trucks (seven to ten-ton payload) operate over two-lane asphalt roads at relatively low average speeds, in the range of 200 to 400 km per day. The movement of containers on the Nepal roadways is limited due to the terrain and condition of the roads. Most of the trucks used in cross-border movements are 2-3 axle (six or ten wheel) trucks carrying payloads up to 18 MT. Trucks carrying bulk cargo are generally overloaded, causing additional damage to roads. 

(Source: Road Transport Safety and Axle Load Control Study in Nepal)


Axle Load Limits (MT)

Nepal

India

Truck with 2 Axles (4 wheeled)

12


Truck with 2 Axles (6 wheeled)

16.2

19

Truck with 3 Axles

25

28.5

Truck with 4 Axles (12-Wheeled)

31

36

Tridem with 3 Axle (12 wheeled)

24


Semi-trailer with 4 Axles

30

40

Semi-trailer with 5 Axles

40.2

46

Semi-trailer with 6 Axles


55

Truck & Drawbar Trailer with 4 Axles


42

Truck & Drawbar Trailer with 5 Axles


51.5

Truck & Drawbar Trailer with 6 Axles


55

Truck & Drawbar Trailer with 7 Axles



(Source: https://www.dotm.gov.np/MainData/ProcedureCodeofConduct)

Road Class and Surface Conditions

Road Functional Class

  • Class-I roads: Have a divided carriageway and access control (Expressways) with Average Daily Traffic (ADT) of 20,000 Passenger Car Unit (PCU) or more in 20 yrs. perspective period. Design speed in plain terrain is 120 km/h.
  • Class-II (arterial roads): Have ADT of 5,000-20,000 PCU in 20 yrs. perspective period. Design speed of this class of roads in plain terrain is 100 km/h.
  • Class-III (collector roads): Have ADT of 2,000-5,000 PCU in 20 yrs. perspective period. Design speed of this class of roads in plain terrain is 80 km/h.
  • Class-IV (local roads): Have ADT of less than 2,000 PCU in 20 yrs. perspective period. Design speed of this class of roads in plain terrain is 60 km/h.

Approximate correlation can be established between the administrative and functional classifications of the roads as follows


Plain and Rolling Terrain

Mountainous and steep terrain

National Highway

I, II

II, III

Feeder Roads

II, III

III, IV

(Source: Nepal Road Standard 2070)

Surface / Road conditions

Factors influencing road driving conditions in Nepal are:

  • Construction quality: Many roads constructed have design flaws (narrow width lane, lack of safety barriers, lane markings or drainage systems, thin or low-quality surfacing). Increased vehicles traffic, heavy trucks and monsoon rains lead to quick deterioration and surface cracks and pot-holes.
  • Maintenance: The Road Board Nepal oversees the maintenance of roads by respective Road Agencies. However, for many roads maintenance and repair is not carried out regularly.
  • Weather: During rainy season the risk of landslides or floods that may block roads, is significantly increased. This affects immediate transportation and wreaks havoc on the longevity of the infrastructure.
  • Ratna Highway is two-lane, black-topped highway in good condition.   
  • Karnali Highway is a vital transport link between two provinces in Nepal. This highway links the towns of Jumla, the Karnali capital, and Surkhet. Karnali Province is the largest, remotest and the least developed Province in Nepal. In general, the highway has two-lanes; the highway is both black-topped and earthen, and construction is still under progress.  
  • Feeder Roads (Nagma to Gamgadhi): Earthen, Work in Progress, Rocky Terrain 
  • Bhimdutta Highway (Dhangadi – Dadeldhura): Blacktopped, Good condition. 
  • Mechi Highway (H06) is two-lane highway with the length of 268 km. It is blacktopped and is in good condition. On its hilly section, the problem of landslides especially during rainy season should be considered.
  • Koshi Highway (H08) is 390 km road envisioned as shortest north south corridor to connect China and India via Nepal. The road section from Biratnagar (India-Nepal Border) to Khandbari is blacktopped but beyond Khandbari to Kimanthanka (China-Nepal Border) the construction is ongoing. Hilly section of the highway faces the issue of landslides during rainy season.
  • Araniko Highway (H03) is 115 km blacktopped highway connecting Kathmandu with Kodari (China-Nepal border). This highway is among the difficult highways of Nepal to navigate during rainy season.
  • Siddhartha Highway (H10) is 181 km long blacktopped highway connecting Nepal India border at Siddharthanagar to Pokhara, a major city in Gandaki Province. Butwal-Palpa section at the hilly region of the highway consists of rocky terrain. Rockfalls and debris deposition are common. Landslides is frequent during rainy season.
  • Mahendra Highway which traverses east to west of country, Prithivi Highway which connects Kathmandu with Pokhara, major tourist destination, Araniko highway which connects Kathmandu with Kodari, a town bordering China, Tribhuvan Highway which connects Kathmandu with Birgunj, a major business hub bordering India and Siddhartha Highway which connects Siddharthanagar, a town bordering India with Pokhara are the five busiest highways of Nepal.
  • Nepal Access Constraints Maps : The National Logistics Cluster updates Road Access constraints maps periodically in the monsoon season, during flood/landslide emergencies.

Traffic capacity (Heavy, Heavy with trailer, Light vehicle, Motorbike) and any seasonal variations

The maximum dimensions of vehicles considered for design of roads in Nepal are as follows:

Maximum Width, m 2.50

Maximum Height, m 4.75

Maximum Length, m 18.00

Maximum single axle load, kilo Newton (kN) 100

 

Province 1

All the districts of Province No. 1 are connected by road, although some roads in high altitudes are not blacktopped and conditions of those roads worsen during the rainy season. Major highways of the province which connects plain land of Terai to high altitude regions are as follows:

  1. Mechi Highway: 268 km long two lanes freeway which connects Jhapato Taplejung. The main destinations along the highway include PrithivinagarBhadrapurDuhagadhiBudhabareKanyam, and Phikkal.
  2. Koshi Highway: Two lanes of road and 159 km long, starts from Biratnagarand connects Myanglung with it. ItahariDharanDhankutaBhedetarHile are the destinations along with highway.
  3. Sagarmatha Highway: Two lanes, 265 km long highway starts from Kadmaha of Province No. 2and connects Solukhumbu with it. Gaighat, Saune etc. are the destinations along with highway.
  4. Mahendra HighwayThe major East-West Highway of Nepal starts from Kakarbhitta of Province No. 1.


Road network in Province 1


Distances from Province 1 Capital to Major Towns (km)


Biratnagar

Itahari

Dharan

Mechinagar

Gaighat

Birtamod

Damak

Suryodaya

BIratnagar


25

42

108

134

91

58

143

Itahari

25


17

92

122

75

42

123

Dharan

42

17


108

87

92

59

143

Mechinagar

108

92

108


213

19

52

56

Gaighat

134

122

87

213


230

164

248

Birtamod

91

75

92

19

230


37

54

Damak

58

42

59

52

164

37


87

Suryodaya

143

123

143

56

248

54

87


Travel Time from Province 1 Capital City to Major Towns (hours)


Biratnagar

Itahari

Dharan

Mechinagar

Gaighat

Birtamod

Damak

Suryodaya

BIratnagar


1

1.50

3

3

2.50

2

4

Itahari

1


0.50

2.25

2.50

1.75

1

3.25

Dharan

1.5

0.5


2.50

2.25

2.25

1.50

3.75

Mechinagar

3

2.25

2.5


4.75

0.50

1.25

1.75

Gaighat

3

2.5

2.25

4.75


5.25

3.50

5.75

Birtamod

2.5

1.75

2.25

0.5

5.25


1

1.75

Damak

2

1

1.50

1.25

3.50

1


2.50

Suryodaya

4

3.25

3.75

1.75

5.75

1.75

2.5



Province 2 

The East-West Highway runs longitudinally across the Province 2. All major cities of the province are connected to the highway. Janakpurdham, Rajbiraj , Birgunj and Gaur lie 25, 10, 24 and 42 km south of the Mahendra Highway, respectively. The Tribhuvan Highway is an important to link as it connects the province to Kathmandu and to India. The starting point of Tribhuvan Highway i.e. Birgunj is the most important international gateway and trade way for this province and the entire country and hence as the Tribhuvan Highway is also referred to as "The Gateway of Nepal". Birendra highway which is connected to Mahendra highway from headquarter of Rautahat district Gaur to the Chandranigahpur (the largest city of Rautahat) is 42km in length. However, to access the capital of Province 2, Janakpur city from Kathmandu the fastest suggested route is the Bisheshwor Prasad Koirala (BP) highway till Bardibas, Mahottari and then 1 h 12 min (43.9 km) via E - W Hwy/AH2 and Dhulikhel Sindhuli Bhittamod Rajmarg. 

Strategic Road Network of  Province-2 and Administrative division

Source: reliefweb.int 


Distance Matrix (Province 2) 

Distances from Province 2 Capital to Major Towns (km)


Janakpur

Birgunj

Kalaiva

Gaur

Malangawa

Jaleshower

Siraha

Rajbira

Janakpur


157

143

136

91

20

83

120

Birgunj

1.57


20

105

115

117

195

230

Kalaiva

143

20


125

135

199

215

250

Gaur

136

105

125


55

155

175

210

Malangawa

91

115

135

55


45

130

165

Jaleshower

20

117

199

155

45


90

125

Siraha

83

195

215

175

130

90


82

Rajbiraj

120

230

250

210

165

125

82


Distances from Province 2 Capital to Major Towns (hours)


Janakpur

Birgunj

Kalaiva

Gaur

Malangawa

Jaleshower

Siraha

Rajbira

Janakpur


3.5 

2.5 

Birgunj

4


0.5 

2.5 

4.5 

Kalaiva

3.5

0.5


3.5 

4.5 

5.5 

Gaur

3

2.5

3


1.5 

2.5 

3.5 

Malangawa

2

3

3.5

1.5


3.5 

Jaleshower

1

4

4.5

2.5

1


Siraha

2

4.5

5

3.5

3

2


2

Rajbiraj

2.5

5

5.5

4

3.5

3

2



Bagmati Province

All 13 districts of Bagmati Province are connected by roads. However, people living in the high altitude regions of Rasuwa, Sindhuplachok and Dolakha experience difficulty accessing roadways perennially. Major highways of the province are as follows:

  1. Tribhuvan Highway: Tribhuvan Highway (H02) which is also part of Asian Highway 42 (AH42) connects the capital city with Birgunj, a major business hub in Province 2 bordered with India.
  2. Araniko Highway: Araniko Highway (H03) which is also part of AH42 connects capital city with Kodari on the Nepal-China border.
  3. Prithivi Highway: Prithivi Highway (H04) connects capital city via Naubise, Dhading with Pokhara in Gandaki Province. This landslide-prone and heavily congested highway passes through five districts: Kathmandu, Dhading, Chitwan, Tanahuand Kaski.
  4. BP Koirala Highway: The BP Highway, also known as the Banepa- Bardibas Highway, links Kathmandu Valley with Province 2 and  connects with eastern Nepal.

Road Network in Bagmati Province

Distances from Bagmati Province Capital City to Major Towns (km)


Hetauda

Kathmandu

Ratnanagar

Bhimeshowr

Bidur

Dhunche

Chautara

Hetauda


87

63

282

135

186

175

Kathmandu

87


159

129

76

127

73

Ratnagar

63

159


343

140

191

236

Bhimeshowr

282

129

343


205

256

136

Bidur

135

76

140

205


53

122

Dhunche

186

127

191

256

53


204

Chautara

175

73

236

136

122

204


Travel Time from Bagmati Province Capital City to Major Towns (hours)


Hetauda

Kathmandu

Ratnanagar

Bhimeshowr

Bidur

Dhunche

Chautara

Hetauda


3.50

1.25

7.50

5

7.25

7

Kathmandu

3.50


4.25

4.75

2.50

4.75

3.75

Ratnagar

1.25

4.25


8.75

3.75

6

8.25

Bhimeshowr

7.50

4.75

8.75


7

9.25

5.50

Bidur

5

2.50

3.75

7


2.50

6.25

Dhunche

7.25

4.75

6

9.25

2.5


8.75

Chautara

7

3.75

8.25

5.5

6.25

8.75


Gandaki Province

9 out of 11 districts of Gandaki Province are connected via blacktopped road. Road connection to Mustang and Manang although navigable are earthen and graveled and can pose serious issues during rainy season.

  1. Siddhartha Highway: Siddhartha Highway (H10) connects Province 5 to Gandaki Province. The highway starts at Nepal-India Border in Siddharthanagar and terminates at Prithivi chowk, Pokhara. The major settlements on the highway are Siddharthanagar, Butwal, Tansen, Waling, Putalibazar, Syangja and Pokhara.

Road Network in Gandaki Province

Distances from Gandaki Province Capital City to Major Towns (km)


Pokhara

Vyas

Gaindakot

Baglung

Gorkha

Beshisahar

Chame

Jomsom

Pokhara


50

139

76

106

106

168

155

Vyas

50


91

126

58

58

120

205

Gaindakot

139

91


214

80

113

175

294

Baglung

76

126

214


182

182

244

102

Gorkha

106

58

80

182


81

143

262

Besisahar

106

58

113

182

81


67

262

Chame

168

120

175

244

143

67


323

Jomsom

155

205

294

102

262

262

323


Travel Time from Gandaki Province Capital City to Major Towns (hours)


Pokhara

Vyas

Gaindakot

Baglung

Gorkha

Beshisahar

Chame

Jomsom

Pokhara


1.50

4

2.75

2.75

3

6

6.75

Vyas

1.5


2.75

4

1.50

1.75

4.75

8.25

Gaindakot

4

2.75


6.50

2.50

3.50

6.50

10.75

Baglung

2.75

4

6.50


5.25

5.75

8.75

5

Gorkha

2.75

1.50

2.50

5.25


2.25

5.50

9.50

Besisahar

3

1.75

3.50

5.75

2.25


3.50

10

Chame

6

4.75

6.5

8.75

5.5

3.5


13

Jomsom

6.75

8.25

10.75

5

9.5

10

13



Province 5

All 12 districts of Province 5 are connected via blacktopped road. Major highways of the province are as follows:

  1. Rapti Highway: Rapti Highway (H11) starts from Ameliya, Dang and terminates at Musikot West Rukum. This highway makes hilly regions of Rolpa, Salyan West Rukum and east Rukum accessible.
  2. Ratna Highway: Ratna Highway (H12) connects Province 5 to Karnali Province. It starts at Nepal- India border in Nepalgunj and terminates at Birendranagar, Surkhet. The highway transition into Karnali Highway system from the point it terminates.
  3. Mahendra highway: Mahendra highway traverses districts of Bardiya, Banke, Dang, Kapilvastu, Rupandehi, Parasi latitudinally. It connects Province 5 to Province 3 to east and Province 7 to the west.

Road Network in Province 5

Distances from Province 5 Capital City to Major Towns (km)


Butwal

Ghorahi

Nepalgunj

Kapilvastu

Rajapur

Bhairahawa

Ramgram

Butwal


148

249

49

266

29

41

Ghorahi

148


153

120

169

161

188

Nepalgunj

249

153


221

47

262

289

Kapivastu

49

120

221


238

42

89

Rajapur

266

169

47

238


279

306

Bhairahawa

29

161

262

42

279


25

Ramgram

41

188

289

89

306

25


Travel Time from Province 5 Capital City to Major Towns (hours)


Butwal

Ghorahi

Nepalgunj

Kapilvastu

Rajapur

Bhairahawa

Ramgram

Butwal


3.25

5

1

5.25

0.75

1

Ghorahi

3.25


3

2.75

3.25

3.75

4.25

Nepalgunj

5

3


4.25

1.25

5.50

5.75

Kapivastu

1

2.75

4.25


4.75

1

2

Rajapur

5.25

3.25

1.25

4.75


5.75

6

Bhairahawa

0.75

3.75

5.50

1

5.75


0.75

Ramgram

1

4.25

5.75

2

6

0.75



Karnali Province 

The East-West Highway (EWH, 1,024 km) is the main traffic artery in the country but does not traverse Karnali province. The juncture with the EWH at Kohalpur along Ratna Rajmarg is 87 km away from Karnali Province’s capital, Birendranagar.  

The last 40 km of the Ratna Highway from the border at Bheriganga Municipality, Surkhet with Bardiya district joins Province 5 with Karnali Province’s capital. The Karnali Highway (233km) traverses Surkhet, Dailekh, Kalikot, and Jumla crossing Mid Hill EW Highway at Sahijyula, Dailkeh. The Mid-hill EW highway which is 1,776 km long extending from Panchthar to Baitadi is the parallel highway which will provide an alternative to EW highway through hills. 278 km of Midhill highway traverses Dailekh (125 km), Jajarkot (83 km) and West Rukum (70 km) from Sahijyula, Dailekh to Ghorkhani in West Rukum. 176 km of Rapti Highway connects Salyan and West Rukum with EWH in Ameliya, Dang of that 124 km traverses Salyan and West Rukum from Salyan district border with Dang district till Musikot. At Musikot it meets Midhill EWH.  

Road Network in Karnali Province 

Distance Matrix (Karnali Province) 

Distances from Karnali Province capital, Birendranagar to Major Towns (km) 


Surkhet 

Chhinchu 

Dullu 

Dailekh 

Manma 

Nagma 

Jumla 

Gamgadhi 

Jajarkot 

Rukum 

Salyan 

Surkhet 


29  

86 

95 

160 

210 

243 

252 

105 

135 

90 

Chhinchu 

29 


112 

121 

186 

236 

269 

328

76 

106 

61 

Dullu  

86 

112 


24 

83 

132 

165 

224 

190.8 

221 

176 

Dailekh  

95

121 

24 


107 

172 

205 

264 

200 

230 

185 

Manma  

160 

186 

83 

106.5 


50 

83 

175 

265 

295 

250 

Nagma  

210 

236 

132 

172 

50 


33 

92 

315 

345 

300 

Jumla  

243 

269 

165 

205 

83 

33 


125 

348 

378 

333 

Gamgadhi 

252 

328

224 

264

175

92 

125 


407

437 

392 

Jajarkot 

105 

76 

191

200 

265 

315 

348 

407 


60 

105 

Rukum 

135 

106 

221 

230 

295 

345 

378 

437 

60 


45 

Salyan 

90 

61 

176 

185

250 

300 

333 

392

105 

45 


 Travel Time from Birendranagar, Surkhet to Major Towns (hours)  


Surkhet 

Chhinchu 

Dullu 

Dailekh 

Manma 

Nagma 

Jumla 

Gamgadhi 

Jajarkot 

Rukum 

Salyan 

Surkhet 


1.25 

4.5 

6.5 

7.75 

14.25 

5.5 

6.75 

3.75 

Chhinchu 

1.25 


5.5 

7.75 

10.25 

15.50 

5.5 

2.5 

Dullu  

5.5 


4.5 

6.5 

13.5 

9.5 

10.75 

7.75 

Dailekh  

4.5 


5.5 

11 

10 

11.25 

Manma  

6.5 

7.75 

4.5 

5.5 


2.5 

3.5 

12 

13.25 

10.25 

Nagma  

7.75 

2.5 


1.5 

6.5 

13.25 

14.5 

11.5 

Jumla  

10.25 

6.5 

3.5 

1.5 


14.5 

15.75 

12.75 

Gamgadhi 

14.25 

15.50 

13.5 

11 

6.5 


19.75 

21 

18 

Jajarkot 

5.5 

9.5 

10 

12 

13.25 

14.5 

19.75 


Rukum 

6.75 

5.5 

10.75 

11.25 

13.25 

14.5 

15.75 

21 


Salyan 

3.75 

2.5 

7.75 

10.25 

11.5 

12.75 

18 



Known obstacles and bridges in Karnali province 

Construction of Bridge on Karnali Highway on the way to Manma.


Construction of bridges on the lengths of highways could delay the movement but are not a hindrance. Numerous bridges are being constructed.  

The district of Humla is not yet connected with road network. A project to link the Humla with Karnali Highway is under progress in Kalikot district. A special travel arrangement could be made in the form of the ferry to carry vehicles across the Karnali river but that is not possible during the rainy season. 

Dolpa is also not accessible through a connecting road. The government is attempting to link the roadway to Dolpa, Dunai. The road is linked to Rukum, Jajarkot districts. The road is 118 km long, of which 73 km road construction has been completed.  

Sudurpashchim Province 

The East-West highway is the lifeline to all 9 districts in Sudurpashchim Province. The road networks joining province capitals Kailali and district headquarter, Kanchanpur, south of the East-West highway and other seven districts headquarter with north of East-west highway are accessible but the problem of inundation in Terai and frequent landslide often pose severe access constraints during the monsoon season. Puspalal Mid hill Highways is in the construction process but at a slow pace. 

Strategic Road Network of Sudurpaschim Province 

Source: Road Network Data (DoR) 


Distance Matrix (Sudurpashchim Province) 

Distances from Sudurpaschim Province capital, Dhangadi  to Major Towns (km) 


Kailali

Kanchanpur

Dadeldhura

Baitadi

Darchula

Bajhang

Doti

Bajura

Achham

Kailali


64 

155  

182 

328 

280 

200 

340 

306 

Kanchanpur

64


203 

221 

368 

320 

240 

380 

346 

Dadeldhura

155

203


37 

174 

116 

45 

185 

151 

Baitadi

182

221

37


157 

102 

71 

221 

177 

Darchula

328

368

174

157


249 

281 

358 

324 

Bajhang

280

320

116

102

249


161 

301 

267 

Doti

200

240

45

71

281

161


140 

106 

Bajura

340

380

185

221

358

301

140


52

Achham

306

346

151

177

324

267

106

52


Distances from Sudurpaschim Province capital, Dhangadi  to Major Towns (km) 


Kailali

Kanchanpur

Dadeldhura

Baitadi

Darchula

Bajhang

Doti

Bajura

Achham

Kailali


2  

5  

10 

12 

10 

Kanchanpur

 2


12 

11 

13 

12 

Dadeldhura

 5

7


Baitadi

 7

7

2


Darchula

 10

12

6

5


10 

12 

11 

Bajhang

 9

11

4

4

9


10 

Doti

 7

8

2

3

10

6


Bajura

 12

13

7

8

12

10

5


Achham

10

12

6

7

11

9

4

2



Known obstacles and bridges in Sudurpashchim province 

Rocky section of F154 in Bumramadichaur joining Nagma to Gamgadhi, Mugu 


The SRN connecting districts of Karnali Province are relatively unobstructed by landslides. But numerous bridge building activities have diverted roads into small rivulets, which can delay traffic and can be temporarily obstructed during the monsoon season.  

Landslide and flood-prone area in a different location throughout the Sudurpashchim province    

Address 

GR/Map sheet 

Latitude   

Longitude  

Hazard and Risk  

Remark  

Kakada 

46709130 

N29° 47'08''  

E80° 26'09''  

Landslide 

Mahakali highway  

Kimtadi  

53559990 

N29° 49'32''  

E80° 30'07''  

Landslide 

Mahakali highway  

Khaulchaura 

46879012 

N29° 44'01''  

E80° 27'05''  

Landslide 

Mahakali highway  

Terselake  

50759012 

N29° 44'20''  

E80° 29'09''  

Landslide 

Mahakali highway 

Dudhali Gard  

52578957 

N29° 46'28''  

E80° 30'48''  

Landslide  

Mahakali highway  

Baitadi 

NA 

N29° 39'158''  

E80° 31'229''  

Landslide 

Baitadi Road  

Baitadi -Bangabagar 

NA 

N29. 664634'  

E80.545070'  

Flash flood  

Mahakali Highway 

Bajura-Dwari, Kailashmandu  

NA 

 N 29.399555 

E81.393506 

Landslide  

Bajura Road  

Lalmatiya Bhaluwang- Dang  

NA 

N27.837510 

E82.763178 

Road damage- east-west highway  

Due to irrigation project