Skip to end of metadata
Go to start of metadata


Myanmar Road Network

Myanmar Roads

NB - As of 1 December 2016, there has been a ban on truck acess for the Yangon area

 The ban for heavy trucks from 0600 to 2100 daily is being implemented by the government for the roads listed below in Yangon:

  • Strand Road
  • Bayintnaung Road
  • Lower Minglardon Road
  • Danyingone Junction
  • Yadanar Road (Shwe Pyi Thar)
  • Waizayantar Junction
  • Aungzeya Road
  • Pearl Road
  • Kayaybin Road
  • Pyinmabin Road
  • No.3 Highway
  • Botahtaung Pagoda Road
  • Maha Bandoola Bridge
  • Shukinnthar Road
  • Ayeywarwun Street
  • Bago River Street
  • Kanaung Minthargyi Road

Among ASEAN countries, Myanmar’s roads are the most underdeveloped. Although the road network expanded to 148,690 km (92,392 mi) as of March 2012 from 90,713km in 2004, road density remains among the lowest in the region. Only 39% (57,840 km) of the network is paved and 61% (90,850 km) unpaved, with the secondary and local road network generally in poor condition and not passable during the monsoon season. The government of Myanmar has two ministries controlling transportation: Ministry of Rail Transportation and the Ministry of Transport. The Ministry of Construction is responsible for construction and maintenance of roads, bridges and airports. Only 26% of roads (39,083 km) fall under responsibility of the Ministry of Construction.

 Reference:

ADB (publisher) Myanmar unlocking the potential, Aug 2014, http://www.adb.org/publications/myanmar-unlocking-potential

JICA (publisher) Myanmar’s National Transport Master Plan, 24 July 2014, http://www.jica.go.jp/english/news/field/2014/140828_01.html

Ministry of Construction (publisher) Plenary meeting road infrastructure development, 30 Oct 2013, http://www.jica.go.jp/english/news/field/2014/140828_01.html

Primary Roads in Myanmar

  • 1 – 1577 km: Runs from Myawaddy (Thai border)-Thaton-Payagyi-Nay Pyi Taw-Meiktila-Mandalay-Gangaw-Kale-Tamu (India border) (AH-1).
  • 2 – 804 km: Runs from Tachileik (Thai border)-Keng Tung-Taunggyi-Meiktila-Mandalay-Gangaw-Kale-Tamu (India border) (AH-2).
  • 3 – 90 km; Runs from AH-2 at Keng Tung-Mongla (PR China border) (AH-3).
  • 4 – 460 km: Runs from Mandalay-Lashio-Muse (PR China border) (AH-14).
  • 5 – 250 km: Runs from Thaton-Mawlamyine-Dawei-Myeik-Kawthaung (AH-112).
  • 6 – 196 km: Runs from Yangon-Kyaunggon-Pathein (Western Union highway).
  • 7 – 279 km: Runs from Yangon-Tharrawaddy-Pyay (Route 2).
  • 8 – 134 km: Runs from Dawei-Sinbhyudaing (Tikee) (to Thai border) (AH-123).

In case of emergencies, the primary supply corridors and main border crossings are:

  • AH-1: North-West to South-East: from North-East India, Guwahati to East Thailand, Bangkok. Border crossing at Tamu (India) and Myawaddi (Thailand).
  • AH-2: Connecting at AH-1 central to East: North Thailand, Chiang Rai. Border crossing at Tachileik (Thailand).
  • AH-3: Connecting at AH-2, North-East: China, Kunming. Border crossing at Mongla (China).
  • AH-14: Connecting at AH-1 central to North East: China, Kunming. Border crossing at Muse (China).
  • AH-123: The border crossing at Tikee is used by locals for cross-border trade but requires special permission for foreigners to cross; it has been used by UNHCR. There is another border crossing in Kayin state near Ye (Mon state) the “Three Pagoda Pass”, which remains closed.

 

AH-1: The Yangon-Mandalay expressway or Bagan highway is the only expressway in Myanmar featuring a double carriageway and four lanes in good condition on its entire length of 587km. This express way runs from Yangon via Naypyitaw, Meikthila to Mandalay. Trucks are not allowed to use this expressway and must use the old Yangon-Mandalay highway instead, which runs parallel to the Bagan highway.

With improvements made in recent years, the condition of the old Yangon-Mandalay highway is now good. This road is two lanes wide in most places and four lanes in some parts close to Yangon and Mandalay. Private cars rarely use this route because the Bagan highway is shorter, this road is mostly used for cargo traffic.

Route-2: The Yangon-Pyay highway is in good condition.

AH-14: The Road from Mandalay via Lashio to Muse is in acceptable condition. This road was extensively renovated the last ten years to handle the heavy traffic of Myanmar-China border trading. This road now serves as one of the most important trade route in Myanmar.

 The Yangon-Pathein highway, or Western Union Highway (196km from East to West) and the Pathein to Magway highway (Pathein-Kyanggon (near)-Oke Shit Pin-Datkon (junction)-Magway) (484km from South-West to North) are both primary roads in good condition.

 Apart from these major highways and roads in Central Myanmar, most of the other roads in the coastal regions of Myanmar in the West and South, and in mountainous area’s in the East and North are secondary roads that are in poor to very poor condition. These roads are mostly only just one lane wide with a large proportion of unpaved dirt and gravel roads that are often not passable during monsoon season. Tarmac along these secondary roads is mostly applied manually, only assisted by roller-compactors. The result is inconsistent, non-durable, low quality pavement, which can be damaged easily by heavy trucks and rains. Average speed along these roads is about 30-40 km/hrs for trucks and 4-wheel drive vehicles. These secondary roads are not recommended for city cars.

 Traffic density between towns and cities still remains low in Myanmar compared to its neighbour countries. Coastal roads have frequent narrow bridges, where often only 1 vehicle can pass at a time. Since traffic density in the rural area is low, this is generally not (yet) a problem for cargo traffic.

Road safety remains a risk: speed limits are generally unknown or not applied and a high density of motorbikes in towns combined with inexperienced drivers and a general disregard for pedestrians, results in a high incidence of serious accidents (4,420 fatalities in 2015).

 For contacts of the relevant ministries for the road network, see link:

4.1 Myanmar Government Contact List

 

Ministry in Charge

Contact Names, Address & Email

Telephone & Fax

Ministry of Transport
Building No (5), Nay Pyi Taw
Myanmar.

Name: U Zaw Win Myint

Title:Director General

Address: DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORT
Ministry of Transport and Communication
Building No (5), Nay Pyi Taw
Myanmar.

Email: dept.transport@mptmail.net.mm

Web:http://www.mot.gov.mm/dot/organization.htm

l

Tel: +95-1 293038, 067-411033

Fax: +95-1 202837, 067-411420

Summary of Role and Services

Report on implementing the objectives of long and short term plans perform by the Departments and Enterprises for roads under the Ministry of Transport. Monitoring the GDP growth rate of the Ministry which estimated by the states. Scrutinize projects which carried out by foreign loans and focused on foreign exchange income of concerned Departments and Enterprises. To consult general administration and records of Departments, Enterprises, University and Institute under the Ministry of Transport. Taking responsibility in relation with the international and regional organization to co-operate all the action plans under the transport sectors.

  To formulate transport policies and monitor the impacts of policy initiatives

  To ensure that agreed transport policies are reflected in the laws and regulations governing the sector.

  To monitor transport costs, prices and the efficiency of the transport system.

  To co-operate the action plans of the international and regional organizations (e.g. ASEAN,  BIMSTEC, ACMECS, GMS).

 To have efficient promote for human resources development relate of the transport sector.

 

Distance Matrix

 

Distances and Travelled Time from Capital City to Major Towns

 

Pyapon (Ayarwaddy Division)

Bogale (Ayarwaddy Division)

Maubin (Ayarwaddy Division)

Kyaik Latt (Ayarwaddy Division)

Laputta (Ayarwaddy Division)

Pantanaw (Ayarwaddy Division)

Pathein

(Ayarwaddy Division)

Hygiekyun Ayarwaddy Division)

Yangon

(Yangon Division)

130 km/
3 hours

178km/
5 hours

90km/
3hours

128km/
4hours

260km/
6hours

100km/
2hours

200km/
5hours

364km/
10hours

 

 

Gwa

(Rakkhine)

Thanwe

(Rakkhine)

Tongup

(Rakkhine)

Kyauk Phyu

(Rakkhine)

Ann

(Rakkhine)

Myauk U

(Rakkhine)

Kyuak Taw

(Rakkhine)

Pone Nar Kyun

(Rakkhine)

Yangon

(Yangon Division)

342 km/
6 hrs

475 km/
 11 hrs

555 km/
15 hrs Via Gwa Rd

748 km/
21 hrs

691 km/
21 hrs

1,118 km/
29 hrs

1152 km/
30 hrs

1224 km/
32 hrs

 

 

Sittwe (Rakkhine State)

Magway
(Magway Division)

Naypyitaw
(Naypyitaw Division)

Mandalay
(Mandalay Division)

Shwe Bo
(Sagaing Division)

Bago
(Bago Division)

Meik tila
(Mandalay Division)

 

Yangon

(Yangon Division)

900km/
36hours

520km/
7hours

370km/
5hours

633km/
7hours

710km/
9hours

90km/
2hours

509km/
6hours

 

 

 

Kyaik Hto (Mon State)

Mawlamyine (Mon State)zone)

Mudon (Mon State)

Than Phyu Zayat (Mon State)

Ye (Tanintharri Division)

 

Dawei (Tanintharri Division)

Myeik (Tanintharri Division

Kaw Thaung (Tanintharri Division

Yangon

(Yangon Division)

166km/
3hours

332km/
6hours

360km/
6.5hours

416km/
7hours

600km/
8hours

670km/
114hours

930km/
22hours

1370km/
34hours

 

International Driving Licences are not recognised in Myanmar. You must apply for a Myanmar Driving License at the Department for Road Transport and Administration in Yangon. Many buses in Myanmar run on Compressed Natural Gas (CNG).

Overland travel can be hazardous, particularly in the rainy season (May to October). Roads can become impassable and bridges damaged.

The driver of a car involved in an accident with a pedestrian is always at fault by law.  Road safety awareness, among both drivers and pedestrians, is very low. Many vehicles, including taxis, are in a poor mechanical state. Although Myanmar drives on the right, the majority of cars are right-hand drive imported from Japan, which makes driving, especially overtaking, hazardous.

Weighbridges and Axle Load Limits

Main roads in Myanmar have toll-gates with weighbridges where all trucks must be weighed. Weighbridges are not yet present on all routes, in those cases cargo weights are estimated. Myanmar has introduced the axle load limits that are standard in all ASEAN countries and by it is implemented this ASEAN standard.

 

Type of truck

Axle load limit

With 2 axles and common 6 tyres

16 mt

With 3 axles and common 10 Tyres

23 mt

With 4 axles and common 12 Tyres

30 mt

With 4 axles and common 14 Tyres

33 mt

With 5 axles and common 18 Tyres

46 mt

With 6 axles and common 22 Tyres

51.5 mt

Road Class and Surface Conditions

 

Classification

Road Description

Class:  Primary Roads

Broad, wide roads : 2 lanes to 4 lanes wide, tarmac or concrete paved. Maximum speed 50-100 km/hr.

Class:  Secondary Roads

Connecting main cities, often in poor condition, mostly 1 lane wide and sometimes 2 lanes wide. Partially paved (tarmac) partially dirt/gravel.
Maximum speed 30-60 km/hr.

Class:  Tertiary Roads

Connecting small cities and villages, 1 lane wide, often in poor condition, unpaved, dirt roads. Maximum speed 10-30 km/hr.

Class:  Tracks

Connecting villages, very narrow, less then 1 lane wide, sometimes only passable by motorbike. unpaved, dirt tracks. Max speed 0-20 km/hr.

Mon State-Tanintharyi Region

Yangon – Bago – Thaton – Mawlamyine (300km, 4.5-5 hrs, AH1)

  • This route is suitable as a supply route: It’s a primary road, partly highway. Average speed driven: 67 km/hr.
  • At the edge of Yangon, 8km from the centre, there is a passenger bus terminal “highway gate Aungmingalar”. From here a 4-lane highway goes to Bago. 50-80 km/hr maximum speed.
  • Bridges are 2-lanes, but good quality and do not constrict traffic flow.
  • Road maintenance status is good, some patches repaired, no potholes.

 

Mawlamyine – Mudon – Ye - Dawei (316 km, 7.5-8 hrs, AH112)

  • The route is suitable as a supply route. Most of it is secondary road, with parts primary road. Average speed driven: 42 km/hr.
  • 90% is unlikely to be affected by the monsoon season, only the part near the border of Thanintharyi is a hilly mountain road with places that may be susceptible to landslides.
  • The road in Mon state is the best quality, for 50-80 km/hr speed. From Thanintharyi border about 50km is gravel & dirt road with road works, maximum 20-30km/hr speed.
  • Along most of the road there are works to widen it from one to two lanes. Probably by end of 2015 this road will be 90% two lanes, which will shorten the total driving time.
  • There are 19 narrow 1-lane steel & wood bridges where vehicles must wait for each other to pass. It is not a big issue because there is not much traffic on this route.

 

Dawei – Thayetchaung – Palaw – Myeik (261 km, 8 hrs, AH-112)

  • The route is suitable as a supply route. It’s mostly a secondary road with 40% a winding dirt/gravel road, a 1 lane width tarmac road. Average speed driven: 33 km/hr.
  • All along the route there are road works to widen the road, some on-going and planned.
  • There are in total 46 single lane bridges, maximum 1 vehicle wide. Five tollgates.
  • About 93km is winding rough dirt/gravel road, versus 168km patched, bumpy tarmac road, some potholes.

 

Myeik – Tanintharyi – Bokpyin – Kayathuyi – Kawthaung (441 km, 11hrs, AH-112)

  • The route is suitable as a supply route. It is a secondary road of 37% tarmac and 63% gravel road, mostly well maintained. Average speed driven: 40km/hr. The road on this section is better as the section from Dawei to Myeik.
  • There are in total 59 single lane bridges, maximum 1 vehicle wide and no tollgates.

Mandaly - Sagaing Region 

AH-1: The Yangon-Mandalay expressway or Bagan highway: This is the only expressway in Myanmar featuring a double carriageway (concrete, some parts tarmac) and four lanes in good condition on its entire length of 587km. This express way runs from Yangon via       Naypyitaw, Meikhtila to Mandalay. Trucks are not allowed to use this expressway and must use the old Yangon-Mandalay highway instead (also designated AH1), which runs parallel to the Bagan highway.

For more information on government contact details, please see the following link: 4.1 Myanmar Government Contact List

Distance Matrix

Travel Time from Capital City to Major Towns (Hours / Days)

 

Mandalay

Shwebo

Monywa

Kalewa

Kale

Tamu

Mandalay

 

106 km/
2 hrs

124 km / 2hr 15m

 317 km / 8hr 20m

 356 km / 9hr 10m

 481km / 11hr 35m

Shwebo

 106 km / 2 hrs

 

 102 km / 2 hr 20m

 279 km / 9 hr*

 318 km /
9 hr50m*

 443 km /
12hr15m*

Monywa

124 km / 2hr 15m

102 km / 2 hr 20m

 

 232 km / 6hr 55m

 271 km / 7hr 45m

 396 km / 10hr 10m

Kalewa

 317 km / 8hr 20m

 279 km / 9 hr*

232 km / 6hr 55m

 

 39km /
1 hr

150 km / 2hr 45m

Kale

 356 km / 9hr 10m

 318 km / 9 hr50m*

271 km / 7hr 45m

 39 km /
1 hr

 

 125 km /
2hr 25m

Tamu

 481km / 11hr 35m

443 km /
12hr15m*

 396 km / 10hr 10m

150 km / 2hr 45m

125 km /
2hr 25m

 


Travel Time Matrix

Travel Distance and time from Capital City to Major Towns (km, hr)

 

Region

Capital (Km)

Capital (hr)

Yangon

Yangon

0

0

Nay Pyi Taw

Naypyitaw

363

4 hr 30 min

Mandalay,

Mandalay

622

7 hr 30 min

Travel Time from Capital City to Major Towns (Hours / Days)

 

Mandalay

Magway

Pakokku

Nyaung-U

Myingyan

Meiktila

Mandalay

 

350 km/
8 hr 30m

161 km/
3hr 20m

 190 km/
3 hr 20m

 105 km/
2 hrs

 148 km /
3h 15m

Magway

 350 km / 8 hr 30m

 

169 km/ 3h 3m

144 km/
2hr 45m

144 km/
2hr 45m

166 km/
4hr 14m

Pakokku

161 km/
3hr 20m

169 km/ 3h 3m

 

30km/ 45min

56 km/
1hr 6m

 142 km/
3hr

Nyaung-U

190 km/
3 hr 20m

144 km/
2hr 45m

30km/ 45min

 

48 km/
1 hr

148 km/
3hr 10m

Myingyan

105 km/
2 hrs

206 km/
4hr 30m

56 km/
1hr 6m

48 km/
1 hr

 

 93 km/
1hr 50m

Meiktila

 148 km /
3h 15m

166 km/
4hr 14m

 142 km/
3hr

148 km/
3hr 10m

93 km/
1hr 50m

 

Road Assessment Overview

Route 7, Mandalay to Shwebo: Primary road, double lane smooth tarmac, one single lane bridge, suitable for heavy trucks. Includes large double lane, steel Ayeryarwaddy bridge at Sagaing.

Shwebo to Kyauk Myaung: Secondary, single lane rough tarmac, suitable for light trucks. Includes large double lane, steel Yadanatheinga bridge over Ayeyarwaddy river at Kyauk Myaung.

Mandalay-Myitkyinar Highway from Lat Pan Hla junction: Highway, double lane smooth & rough tarmac, suitable for heavy trucks, with busy traffic.

Route 71 Sagaing to Monywa: Primary road, double lane smooth tarmac, suitable for heavy trucks.

Monywa to Kalewa via Tongyi: Secondary road about 60% tarmac, the rest is single-lane dirt road over mountainous area (600m climbing), with landslide area’s & large mud-pools during wet season. Unpassable for some periods between June-Mid Nov, depending on the rains. It was designated as AH-1 but this was changed in 2015 to the road North section via Ye-U to Kalewa, however for this section the bridge over the Chindwin river to Kalewa is planned to be finished Feb-2017 and a ferry is only available in the dry season.

Monywa to Kalewa via Ye-U: Secondary road part tarmac, part single-lane dirt road with large mud-pools during wet season. Unpassable for some periods between June-Mid Nov, depending on the rains. Since 2015 it is designated as AH-1 and several parts are being improved. However the new bridge over the Chindwin river to Kalewa is not yet finished, to be ready by Feb-2017. A ferry, suitable for heavy trucks, is based on Kalewa will only operate in the dry season and pending sufficient demand.

Kale to Tamu (AH1): Secondary road, double lane tarmac. Constraints are 49 single-lane bridges: 29 bridges of 24MT weight limit and approximately 20 sign-posted with a 13MT weight limit. However, 12-wheeler trucks of 27MT gross weight (16MT cargo+11MT truck) cross these bridges regularly. It is designated as AH1 because Tamu is the border crossing to India. However due to the high number of single lane bridges it shouldn’t be considered a primary road. The only alternative route to Tamu is via boat over the Chindwin river from Kale to Ton He (8hrs, 16MT max per boat) and from Ton He by dirt & tarmac road to Tamu (4hrs / 88km).

There is a security concern in the area North of Tamu due to armed groups from Manipur, India, who operate based in Myanmar. Sometimes Indian military or Myanmar police and military have clean-up operations with armed conflicts which can affect access and security on the roads.

Kale to Pakokku: via Gangaw, Pale, Myaing rd.,Yesagyo rd, secondary road, single lane rough tarmac: need to yield to trucks. Crossing two mountains (Pon & Pon Nyar) of 900m altitude with steep roads and switchbacks. One river crossing with a damaged concrete ford and one bridge with railroad are two potential bottlenecks. Suitable for heavy trucks.

Pakokku to Bagan: via Pakokku-Ayeryawaddy bridge. Secondary road, double lane smooth tarmac. Suitable for heavy trucks. No constraints.

Nyaung-U to Semeikhon port: via Myingyan, until Nabuauing: Secondary road, double lane smooth tarmac. Suitable for heavy trucks. No constraints. From Nabuaing village to Semeikhon port (18.4km/1 hr): narrow dirt road, possibility of mud-pools, suitable for light trucks/jeeps only.

Myingyan to Pyinmana (Naypyitaw): Until Meiktila: Secondary road, double lane rough tarmac, winding road with some hills. Suitable for heavy trucks. No constraints. From Meiktila to Pyinmana: (Yangon-Mandalay old road) Primary road for heavy trucks, double lane smooth tarmac. Busy with cargo traffic. No constraints.

Naypyitaw, East-Bago and South-Mandalay region

Travel times noted below are for 4x4 Jeep / city car. For heavy trucks travel time should be considerably increased (add +/- 40-50%). The table below shows the travel distance and time via the old Yangon-Mandalay highway, AH1, the primary road for truck traffic  

For more information on government contact details, please see the following link: 4.1 Myanmar Government Contact List

Distance Matrix

Travel Distance and time from Capital City to Major Towns (km, hr)

 

Region

Capital (Km)

Capital (hr)

Yangon

Yangon

0

0

Bago

East-Bago

75

1hr 25min

Taungoo

East-Bago

275

5 hrs

Pyinmana

Naypyitaw

375

7 hr 7min

Naypyitaw

Naypyitaw

388

7hr 22min

Meikhtila

South-Mandalay

543

9hr 52min

Distance Matrix for Yangon-Naypyitaw

Travel Time from Capital City to Major Towns (Hours / Days)

 

 

Yangon

Bago

Taungoo

Pyinmana

Naypyitaw

Meikhtila

Yangon

 

75km/ 1hr25m

275km/ 5hrs

375km/
7hr 7m

388km/
7hr 22m

543km/
9hr52m

Bago

75km/ 1hr25m

 

200km/ 3hr30m

300km/
5hr 37m

313km/
5hr 52m

468km/
8hr22m

Taungoo

275km/ 5hrs

200km/ 3hr30m

 

100km/
2hr 7min

113km/
2hr 22m

268km/
4hr52m

Pyinmana

375km/
7hr 7m

300km/
5hr37m

100km/
2hr7m

 

13km/
15 min

168km/
2hr45m

Naypyitaw

388km/
7hr 22m

313km/
5hr52m

113km/
2hr22m

13km/
15 min

 

155km/

2hr30m

Meikhtila

543km/
9hr52m

468km/
8hr22m

268km/
4hr52m

168km/
2hr45m

155km/

2hr30m

 

Magway, West-Bago and South Mandalay region

Distance Matrix

Travel Distance and time from Capital City to Major Towns (km, hr)

 

Region

Capital (Km)

Capital (hr)

Meikhtila

South-Mandalay

0

0

Kyaukpadaung

South-Mandalay

107

1hr 38min

Magway

Magway

217

3 hr 38min

Taungdwingyi

Magway

299

5 hr 8min

Aunglan

Magway

390

7hr 3min

Pyay

West-Bago

460

8hr 28min

Yangon

Yangon

745

14 hrs

Distance and Travel Time Matrix for Meikthila-Pyay

Travel Time from Capital City to Major Towns (Hours / Days)

 

Meikhtila

Kyauk
padaung

Magway

Taung
dwingyi

Aunglan

Pyay

Yangon

Meikhtila

 

107km/
1hr38m

217km/
3hr38m

299km/
5hr8min

390km/
7hr3min

460km/
8hr28m

745km/

14 hrs

Kyauk
padaung

107km/
1hr38m

 

110km/
2hrs

192km/
3hr30m

283km/
5hr25m

353km/
6hr50m

638km/
12hr25m

Magway

217km/
3hr38m

110km/
2hrs

 

82km/
1hr30m

173km/
3hr25m

243km/
4hr50m

528km/
10hr25m

Taung
dwingyi

299km/
5hr8min

192km/
3hr30m

82km/
1hr30m

 

91km/
1hr55m

161km/
3hr20m

446km/
8hr55m

Aunglan

390km/
7hr3min

283km/
5hr25m

173km/
3hr25m

91km/
1hr55m

 

70km/
1hr25m

355km/
7 hrs

Pyay

460km/
8hr28m

353km/
6hr50m

243km/
4hr50m

161km/
3hr20m

70km/
1hr25m

 

285km/
5hr35m

Yangon

745km/

14 hrs

638km/
12hr25m

528km/
10hr25m

446km/
8hr55m

355km/
7 hrs

285km/
5hr35m

 

Road Assessment Overview

AH1 Yangon-Naypyitaw: Yangon via Bago, Taungoo to Naypyitaw via old Yangon-Mandalay highway. Double lane smooth tarmac. Yangon to Bago 4-lane tarmac. Primary road for heavy trucks. Some delays while passing through villages and several times crossing the railroad.

Meikthila-Kyaukpadaung: Double lane tarmac, unnamed secondary road suitable for heavy trucks. Crossing hill country. No constraints. Distance: 107km, Time: 1hr38min, 65 km/hr average, 110 km/hr max speed.

Kyaukpadaung-Magway: Via Yenangyaung town. Double lane tarmac, via unnamed secondary road and primary Road-2, suitable for heavy trucks. Crossing hill country. No constraints. Distance: 110km, Time: 2hrs, 53 km/hr average, 87 km/hr max speed.

Magway-Taungdwingyi: Double lane tarmac, via primary Road-2, suitable for heavy trucks. Crossing hill country. Three bridges, one single lane. Distance: 82km, Time: 1hr30min, 52 km/hr average, 86 km/hr max speed.

Taungdwingyi-Aungsan: Via Koebin town. Double lane, old bumpy, tarmac, via primary Road-2 suitable for heavy trucks. Crossing hill country. Constraints: three single lane bridges. Distance: 91km, Time: 1hr55min, 47 km/hr average, 78 km/hr max speed.

Aunglan-Pyay: Via Pyalo and Duyingabo town. Double lane, bumpy tarmac, via primary Road-2, suitable for heavy trucks. Winding road sometimes close to Ayeryawaddy river. Two bridges, no constraints. Distance: 70km, Time: 1hr25min, 47 km/hr average, 85 km/hr max speed.

Pyay-Yangon: Primary Road-2 Yangon-Pyay road. Double lane tarmac, large parts with extra concrete shoulder added. Suitable for heavy trucks. Passing through several small towns (Paungde, Nattalin, Zigon, Gyobingauk, Okpho, Minhia, Letpadan, Tharrawaddy, Okekan, Taik Kyi, Hmawbi) which slows average speed. Distance: 285km, Time: 5hr35min, 51 km/hr average, 92 km/hr max speed.

Yangon to Loikaw, Demoso, Hpruso and Shadaw in Kayah State

Travel times noted below are for 4x4 land cruiser / city car and the travel time and the routes are also noted from Yangon to Taungoo, which used via Yangon-Mandalay Express Road and via newly renovated road from Taungoo to Loikaw. The road from Taungoo to Loikaw is not widely utilized because of its security concern of the landmine on the past and it need to go through Kayin and Shan States. The tourism companies also still stick to use the road via Kalaw of Shan State. For heavy trucks travel time should be considerably increased (add +/- 40-50%) and it should also take account over the route for truck AH1 from Yangon to Taungoo too.

Travel Distance and time from Capital City to Major Towns (km, hr)

 

Region

Capital (Km)

Capital (hr)

Yangon

Yangon

0

0

Taungoo

Bago Region

277

3hr 50min

Demoso

Northern Kayah

472

8hr

Hpruso

Northern Kayah

488

8hr 20min

Loikaw

Northern Kayah

490

8hr 30min

Distance Matrix

Loikaw- Major town in Northern Kayah State: Distance (KM) and Travel Time (Hours) Matrix

Travel Time from Capital City to Major Towns (Hours / Days)

 

Loikaw

Demoso

Hpruso

Shadaw

Loikaw

 

18km/ 30m

32km/ 50m

80km/

2hr45m

Demoso

18km/ 30m

 

16km/ 20m

98km/

3hr5m

Hpruso

32km/ 50m

16km/ 20m

 

112km/

3hr30

Shadaw

80km/

98km/

112km/

 

2hr45m

3hr5m

3hr30m

Road Assessment Overview

AH1 Yangon-Taungoo:  For any heavy truck need to use Yangon- Bago- Taungoo via old Yangon-Mandalay highway. This primary road is with 4-lane tarmac and it can cause some delays while passing through villages and several times crossing the railroad.

Taungoo-Loikaw via Thangdaung-LeikTho-Demoso: Double lane tarmac, unnamed secondary road suitable for 6 wheeler x 17ft long trucks due to the road are narrower at some sharp windings and steep condition while crossing hill country. This is the old road which was closed for some decades due to the security inside Kayin(Karen) State and Southern Shan State, especially landmine issue between Thandaung- Leiktho-Demoso. Now, more and more trucks, even 10-wheeler trucks are seen in this route. There is no weighbridge for this road yet except checkpoint from local militia. The road condition from Demoso to Loikaw(18Km) is wide and much better. The road is under expansion from 3(m) width to 5(m) from the union budget in financial year of 2017-2018.  Distance: 213km, Time: 5hr, 40 km/hr average, 50 km/hr max speed. There are two alternative corridor to get Loikaw, such as Yangon-Pyawbwe-Loikaw and Yangon-Naypyitaw-Pinlaung-Pekon-Loikaw.

Loikaw-Demoso: Two lane tarmac, via Union Road which serves as a primary road inside Kayah State and it is no constraint for heavy trucks. Distance: 18Km, Time: 25min, 38 km/hr average, 80 km/hr max speed.

Loikaw-Hpruso via Demoso: Two lane tarmac, via primary Road-2 and suitable for heavy trucks. No constraint. Distance: 32km, Time: 50min, 40 km/hr in average, 80 km/hr max speed.from Hpruso, this corridor connect to Mese(close Thai border).

Loikaw- Shadaw: It is a tarmac and can be classified as secondary road and only suitable for light trucks (12 tonnage) as the mountain range is unreasonably steep and the curve is sharp. Only few villages are situated along the road and it needs to cross a concrete bridge over Pawn Chaung River. Constraints: too steep at some U-turns and rarely seen a heavy truck. The vehicles use this corridor avoid to go out from the normal track as many are still traumatized by the landmine. Many transporters regards as a high risk for trucking business. No facilities for vehicle maintenance nor proper fuel station in the area. However, there daily bus line for this corridor. Distance: 80km, Time: 2hr45min, 29 km/hr average, 60km/hr max speed.

Shadaw- San Laung-Tadamaw-Thanlwin River:It is tarmac road for 8 km and the rest 8 km is stony road and unpaved and dirt road with many small weak wooden bridges. It was observed that a small scale of road and bridges construction is on-going. The lorry trucks with teak log were seen. The ferry over the Salween River is made of five-boat combined with three speedboat engine fixed and it mainly serve for log truck. The ferry fee is MMK60,000 to 120,000 per trip base on the load and volume. For the passengers, there is a boat ferry which charges MMK3000 per person. There are two checkpoints from Karenni National Progress Party-KNPP and one from Myanmar Army. According to some local people, there is a plan to construct a bridge over the Than Lwin river 16 Km from Shadaw to go up to the Myanmar-Thai Border Point (BP13). There is no proper road on the other side of Salween, however in the dry season, there are some local L/C 4x4 vehicles manage to go up to BP13 with local passengers along some creek.

Constraints: While bridges still under construction, it will not be easy to cross some creek during the rainy season Distance: 36km, Time: 40 min, 30km/hr average, 45 km/hr max speed.

Mandalay and Northern Sagaing Region

Travel times noted below are for 4x4 Land Cruiser / City car. For heavy trucks travel time should be considerably increased (add +/- 40-50%).

AH-1: The Yangon-Mandalay expressway or Bagan highway: This is the only expressway in Myanmar featuring a double carriageway (concrete, some parts tarmac) and four lanes in good condition on its entire length of 587km. This express way runs from Yangon via Nay Pyi Taw, Meikhtila to Mandalay. Trucks are not allowed to use this expressway and must use the old Yangon-Mandalay highway instead (also designated AH1), which runs parallel to the Yangon-Pyay-Meikhtila-Mandalay highway frequently use and road is wider despites its longer distance than the other the travel time is the same(650 Km ,10 hr30min vs 609Km, 10hr30min).

 

Travel Distance and time from Capital City to Major Towns (km, hr)

 

Region

Capital (Km)

Capital (hr)

Yangon

Yangon

0

0

Nay Pyi Taw

Naypyitaw

363

4 hr 30 min

Mandalay,

Mandalay

622

7 hr 30 min

Katha

Sagaing

995

16 hr


Distance Matrix

Travel Distance and time from Capital City to Major Towns (km, hr)

 

Region

Capital (Km)

Capital (hr)

Katha

Northern Sagaing

0

0

Indaw

Northern Sagaing

26

40m

Banmauk

Northern Sagaing

69

2hr30m

Pinlebu

Northern Sagaing

160

5hr30m

Wuntho

Northern Sagaing

136

4hr

Kawlin

Northern Sagaing

119

3hr35m

Tigyaing

Northern Sagaing

66

2hr50m

Kanbalu

Northern Sagaing

193

4hr30

Ye-U

Northern Sagaing

277

7hr


Katha-Southern Sagaing: Distance (KM) and Travel Time (Hours) Matrix

 

 

Travel Time from Capital City to Major Towns (Hours / Days)

 

Katha

Indaw

Banmauk

Pinlebu

Wuntho

Kawlin

Tigyaing

Kanbalu

Ye-U

Katha

 

 26km/40m

 69km/2hr30m

 160km/5hr30

  136km/4hr

198km/ 3hr35m

 66km/ 2 hr50m

  193km/ 4hr30m

 277km/ 7hr

Indaw

 26km/40m

 

43km/ 1hr50m

  134km/ 4hr50m

 163km/ 6hr30m

  93km/ 2hr30m

 89km/ 3hr20m

 167km/ 3hr30m

 251km/ 6hr15m

Banmauk

 69km/2hr30m

 43km/ 1hr50m

 

   91km/ 3hr

163km/ 6hr30m

163km/ 6hr30m

 106km/5hr20m

 210km/5hr20m

  280km/9hr40

Pinlebu

160km/5hr30

 134km/ 4hr50m

 91km/ 3hr

 

 63km /2hr30m

  63km / 2hr30m

 223m/ 8hr20

133km/4hr20

 217km/ 7hr10m

Wuntho

 136km/ 4hr

96km/ 2hr35m

163km/ 6hr30m

 63km /2hr30m

 

 16km/ 20m

  199km/ 6h50m

 86km/ 1hr 50m

170km/ 4hr40m

Kawlin

 119km/ 3hr35m

 93km/ 2hr30m

163km/ 6hr30m

 63km / 2hr30m

 16km/ 20m

 

 182km/ 6hr25m

  70km/ 1hr20m

154km/ 4hr10m

Tikyaing

66km/ 2 hr50m

 89km/ 3hr20m

 106km/5hr20m

 223m/ 8hr20

  199km/ 6h50m

 182km/ 6hr25m

 

 303km/ 7hr(via Singgu brg)

 246km/6hr(via Singgu brg)

Kanbalu

 193km/ 4hr30m

 167km/ 3hr30m

 210km/5hr20m

 133km/4hr20

 86km/ 1hr 50m

 70km/ 1hr20m

  303km/ 7hr(via Singgu brg)

 

84Km/2hr50m

Ye-U

  277km/ 7hr

 251km/ 6hr15m

 280km/9hr40

 217km/ 7hr10m

170km/ 4hr40m

 154km/ 4hr10m

 246km/6hr(via Singgu brg)

 84Km/2hr50m

 


Road Assessment Overview

Mandalay-Kawlin: The AH-1 will be ended at Shwebo junction, 111 Km from Mandalay with two lane tarmac as a primary road. From Shwebo to Kawlin, it uses Shwebo-Myitkyina road up to Taungmaw Junction, 203 Km from Shwebo and 22 Km from Kawlin as a secondary road, one lane tarmac road. From the Taungmaw junction of Shwebo-Myitkyi (Strategic) Road, which can also be classified as a secondary road up to Kawlin with 1-lane tarmac.

In previous flood happened in 2015 and 2016, 15-38 Km surrounding Kawlin got flooded and the water level surpass the road from 0.5 to 1.3 meter-height. It was not accessible for a week during the flood. Distance: 296km, Time: 7hr, 40 km/hr average, 50 km/hr max speed.

Kawlin to Wuntho: It can be classified as secondary road part, single-lane and it can get flood during the rainy season and same seasonal factors of above Mandalay-Kawlin route apply to this road section. It is only 16 Km from Kawlin and takes 20 min drive.

Wuntho-Pinlebu: It can be classified as secondary, single lane, 70% smooth tarmac and 30% is stony-dirt road as a tertiary road. However, it is suitable for 6-wheeler trucks with a winding section in many places and no high steep hill. There are regular mini-bus run between Pinlebu and Mandalay in daily basis. There are very few trucks are seen on this road. Distance: 63km, Time: 2hr50min, 23 km/hr average, 30 km/hr max speed. At the time of assessment there was an incomplete Concrete Bridge between Wuntho/Kawlin-Pinlebu

Pinlebu-Paungpyin: It can be classified as secondary road for 15% with single lane-tarmac for 15 Km and proper bridges from Pinlebu and the rest 85% can be classified as tertiary road, stony-dirt road, steep hill and many winding. It is not accessible in rainy season. However, in the dry season (Nov-May), there are 6-wheeler light truck and other minibus run between Pinlebu and Mandalay in daily basis. There are very few timber trucks are seen on this road. Instead, it was the route/track being developed in 1978, it is now under development from this Gov’t fiscal year of 2017 to 2018 after four decades. Distance: 104km, Time: 4hr, 26km/hr average, 30 km/hr max speed. There is currently a road renovation (from Stony to Tarmac) between Ponpyin & Pinlebu, 16 Km from Pinlebu

Pinlebu-Banmauk: It can be classified as secondary road for 20% wide and stony road and the rest 80% has no proper bridges, stony-bumpy, dirty and crossing creek which can be classified as tertiary road. It is not accessible in rainy season. However, in the dry season (Nov-May), there are 6-wheeler timber trucks (16-tonnage). No regular bus service is found, but the light-truck and double cab pickups are visible once in a while. It is not suitable for heavy truck of 10/12 wheeler. Distance: 104km, Time: 3hr, 30km/hr average, 35 km/hr max speed.

Banmauk- Indaw: It can be classified as secondary road with proper bridges and tarmac with one lane 70% and remaining 30% is improving. It can be accessible in any season. The regular bus line connect via Indaw to Mandalay. Distance: 43km, Time: 1hr50min (max), 34km/hr average, 60 km/hr max speed.

Indaw-Katha: It is 100% double lane tar road and can be classified as primary road. It will be on Myitkyina-Shwebo road for about 8 Km near Nabar-Junction and proceed to Katha for 18 Km. This road section is short, but the best condition in northern part of Sagaing. Distance: 26km, Time: 40min, 40km/hr average, 60 km/hr max speed.

Katha- to Singan(Kachin State): This road section is heading to new bridge constructed over Ayeyarwadi  in name of Singan_Ayeyarwadi bridge. Though this road section about 30% are dirty and bumpy-stone road, many heavy truck (10/12-wheelers) rely on this road to go China via Banmaw and Mai Ja Yang (Non-government Control Area). In its 20% of   dirt road, can be large mud-pools during wet season and thick dust in dry season. It is a strategic road for the future use and the road area is very wide (200 ft). Very few villages are seen along the road. Distance: 104km, Time:4hr10min, 25km/hr average, 30km/hr max speed.

Katha- Gyanthaw Chaung (Via Ferry): There is a ferry between Katha to Gyanthaw Chaung crossing over the Ayeyarwaddy River to connect with Mandalay-Shwegu-Banmaw road on the over side of the bank. The ferry fees with full-load truck will cost MMK60,000 for 12-wheelers, MMK55,000 for 10-wheelers and MMK35,000 for 6-wheelers while it charges the empty truck MMK35,000, MMK30,000 and MMK25,000 respectively. In case of the ferry was not fully loaded, it will charge MMK 80,000 per trip for any kind of vehicle and it is the regulated price made by the Township Municipal Office. It takes 15 min for crossing the river.

Katha-Tigyaing: This road section is under developing such as 20% of bridges are yet to complete and need to cross 8 creeks without bridge. It will not be passable in the rainy season during the high water level at 4 creeks. It can be classified as 60% of secondary road, one-lane tarmac and the rest 40% of it can be classified as tertiary road because of bumpy-stone road, crossing over creek and narrow at few points. Many heavy trucks (10/12-wheelers) rather rely on this road after the completion of the bridge over the Ayeyarwaddy at Tigyaing. A bridge to be constructed in 2017-18. Distance: 66km, Time: 4hr10min, 16km/hr average, 25km/hr max speed.

Note: There are 5 bus line services (Shwe Khit, Thakhinlay, Ngwe Zin Yaw, Tine Min Aung and Aung Myittar) base in Katha and operate from Katha to Mandalay,Moe Ngin, Moe Kaung and Myitkyina.

Tigyaing-Shwebo-Kanbalu: Since the road from Tigyaing to Kyauk-Kone the junction of Shwebo-Myintgyi and Tigyaing is still very difficult to go through, it needs to opt the road from Tigyaing to Mandalay-Bamaw road till Singgu and from double-lane Siggu-Ayeyarwaddy Bridge to Shwebo and Kanbalu. This Tigyang-Shwebo- Kanbalu road can be classified as 50% primary and 50% secondary road. It is suitable for any kind of heavy truck. In the section of secondary road, from Ayeyarwaddy bridge of Singgu, there is one lane tarmac up to Kanbalu. No special seasonal factors for this route. Distance: 303km, Time: 7hr, 43km/hr average, 50km/hr max speed.

Kanbalu-Kyun Hla: It can be classified as secondary road as it has single lane-tarmac. Around the road approaching Kyun Hla, it got flooded as high as 2 meter in 2015 flood. Otherwise, it is suitable for 6/10/12-wheeler truck. Distance: 18Km, Time: 25min. 43Km/hr average, 50km/hr max speed.

 Kanbalu-Ye-U: It can be classified as secondary road as it has single lane tarmac. Eastern part of Ye-U can get flood as as high 1 meter. However, it was not noted that the road is block due to the worst flood in 2015.The Ye-U bridge over the Mu River is single lane bridge. It is suitable for 6/10/12-wheeler truck. Distance: 84Km, Time: 2hr50min, 30Km/hr average, 35km/hr max speed.

Ye U- Shwebo-Mandalay: By crossing over Ye-U Bridge, single lane overlapped with rail track over the Mu river, it needs to get to Shwebo and then noted to get the Mandalay by taking Shwebo-Mattayar-Mandalay road via the Singgu, Ayeyarwadi bridge. This road can be classified as 80% primary road and only 20% is secondary road. It is suitable for any kind of heavy truck. Two lane tarmac road over the Ayeyarwaddy(Siggu) bridge, there is single lane tarmac up to Kanbalu. During the raining season, if the Mu River rise, it will cause flood long the Mu River, but no disturbance for road traffic. Distance: 168km, Time: 4 hrs, 42km/hr average, 50km/hr max speed.

Mandalay to Homlin and Homlin to Naga, Sagaing Region

Travel times noted below are for 4x4 Land Cruiser / Jeep car. For heavy trucks travel time should be considerably increased (add +/- 40-50%).

 AH-1: The Yangon-Mandalay expressway or Bagan highway: This is the only expressway in Myanmar featuring a double carriageway (concrete, some parts tarmac) and four lanes in good condition on its entire length of 587km. This express way runs from Yangon via Nay Pyi Taw, Meikthtila to Mandalay. Trucks are not allowed to use this expressway and must use the old Yangon-Mandalay highway instead (also designated AH1), which runs parallel to the Yangon-Pyay-Meikhtila-Mandalay highway frequently use and road is wider despites its longer distance than the other the travel time is the same(650 Km ,10 hr30min vs 609Km, 10hr30min).

Travel Distance and time from Capital City to Major Towns (km, hr)

 

Region

Capital (Km)

Capital (hr)

Yangon

Yangon

0

0

Nay Pyi Taw

Naypyitaw

363

4 hr 30 min

Mandalay,

Mandalay

622

7 hr 30 min

Mongywa

Sagaing

726

10hr

Homalin

Sagaing

1,193

21hr

Distance Matrix

Distances within the Naga Self-Administration Zone (SAZ), Sagaing Region

Travel Distance and time from Capital City to Major Towns (km, hr)

 

Region

Capital (Km)

Capital (hr)

Homalin

Northern Sagaing

0

0

*Pint Mar (Opposite bank of Hta Man Thi)

Northern Sagaing

87

1hr30m

**Lay Shi

Naga SAZ, Sagaing Region

152

7hr-8hr

Hkamti

Northern Sagaing

69

3hr to 5 hr

***Lahe

Naga SAZ, Sagaing Region

150

6hr00m

****Nan Yun

Naga SAZ, Sagaing Region

305

 

*Pint Mar is a transit point to reach Hta Man Thi, where the ferry service is available to cross over Chindwin river and reach Hta Man Thi

** From Homalin to Lay Shi, need to use ferry between Pint Mar and Hta Man Thi and then proceed to Lay Shi

***Between Hkamti and Sinte, need to use the ferry service to cross Chindwin River and proceed from Sinte to Lahe in road

****Need to use the Ferry between Hkamti and Sinte over Chindwin river and go via Lahe


Road Assessment Overview

Monywa-Homalin (467Km): For this road section, there are two options of route  can be used; 1st route either Monywa-Ye U-Thickegyin- Paungbyin-Homalin(535Km) or 2nd route Moywa-Kawlin-Pinlebu-Paungbyin-Homlin(527Km). The trucks are mostly operated on 1st route while the 2nd route is favour to minibus with 10 passengers and light vehicles because of the route between Thickegyin and Paungbyin is bumpy stony with pool of dirt.  From the 1st route, it is lately regarded as AH1 section for 210 Km with tarmac and many improved bridges, between the road section of Monywa and Kale. Only 6-wheelers type (Canter & Nissan) are operated on the route of Thickkeygyin- Paungbyin-Homalin and  Pinlebu-Homalin road section and this section can be also regarded as tertiary road with dirt, stony road and narrow at some places. The road improvement keep improving. Both of the routes are not accessible in rainy season (June-Oct).

There are 11-minibus stands operates between Homlin to Mandalay and Monywa. But, most of them are mainly based in Monywa and 4 in Homlin.

 Homalin-Hta Man Thi (87 Km): It is need a ferry at Pint Mar bank to cross over the Chindwin River and it will take 5-10 min for cross the river. The ferry barge can load light truck and vehicles, too. It could cost from MMK 30,000 to 50,000 per trip for the ferry charges. It can be classified as tertiary road because of the stony and narrow, no service for vehicles, rare trucks and sparseness of villages along the road. No access for truck during the rainy season and no regular traffic system in place yet.

Hta Man Thi- Layshi (about 65 Km): This section is dirt, steep and winding and can be classified as tertiary. No sourced information regarding the truck operating in the area. But, it is not accessible in rainy season.

Homlin-Hkamti (69 Km): This section is stony, partly dirty, narrow and no steep. 6-Wheeler light truck can be also accessible during the dry season (Nov-May), however, no regular transporters are there since the water way is more in use. It can be classified as tertiary road. Hkamti is the only place has a domestic airport in the area and in dry season, the cargo boat normally complain for the water shallow and challenges of entrapping on sand for weeks.

Hkhamti-Sinte (0.5Km): There is a ferry service to cross over Chindwin River from Hkamti to Sinte @ MMK50, 000 to 60,000 per trip.

Sinte-Lahe (81Km): This the only location with one-lane narrow tarmac in this area and steep in general at some extent. There are transporters based in Lahe with 5 tonnage-trucks and Indian 1.5 tonnage trucks are operating year round between Sinte and Lahe. This road section can be classified as secondary road. No special disturbances accept its limited capacity in trucking and possibility of landslide for some portion.

Lahe-Nan Yun (155Km):  This section of road is wide enough up to Tonmi and not too steep nor so winding. However, it is stony and dirt road. It is only accessible by light truck (5tonnage 6-wheeler) during the dry season and no access in raining season. There are some motorbike transportation service from Hkhamti to Nan Yun, too.

Taunggyi and Northern Shan State

Travel times noted below are for 4x4 Land Cruiser / City car. For heavy trucks travel time should be considerably increased (add +/- 40-50%). The route from Yangon to Taunggyi would be different for light vehicle and heavy truck as there are Yangon-Naypyidaw-Pinlaung-Aungban-Taunggyi Route(AH1 to AH3 connect in Aungban) and Yangon-Naypyitaw-Pyawbwe-Kalaw-Aungban-Taunggyi(AH1 connect AH3 at Pyawbwe-Tharzi Junction). Among two,Yangon-Naypyitaw-Pyawbwe-Kalaw-Aungban-Taunggyi is noted as frequently use and road is wider despites its longer distance than the other the travel time is the same(650 Km ,10 hr30min vs 609Km, 10hr30min).

Distance Matrix

Travel Distance and time from Capital City to Major Towns (km, hr)

 

Region

Taunggyi(Km)

Taunggyi (hr)

Aungban

Southern Shan

37

50m

Pekon

Southern Shan

160

3 hr 45m

Loilem

Southern Shan

96

2hr 26

Namsang

Southern Shan

123

3 hr 15m

Langkho

Southern Shan

198

4hr30

Mongpan

Southern Shan

266

6 hr

Mongton

Southern Shan

359

10 hr

Ponparkyin

Southern Shan

417

10 hr 45m


Taunggyi-Southern Shan Town: Distance (KM) and Travel Time (Hours) Matrix

 

 

Travel Time from Capital City to Major Towns (Hours / Days)

 

Taunggyi

Aungban

Pekon

Loilem

Namsang

Langkho

Mongpan

Mongton

Ponparkyin

Taunggyi

 

 37km/50m

 160km/3hr45m

 96km/2hr 26

  123km/3hr15m

198km/ 4hr30

 266km/ 6 hr15min

  359km/ 10hr

 417km/ 10hr45m

Aungban

 37km/50m

 

 124km/ 3hr

  151km/ 3hr50m

 179km/ 4hr30m

 254km/ 5hr50m

 302km/ 6hr50m

  396km/ 10hr50m

449km/ 11hr25m

Pekon

 160km/3hr45m

 124km/ 3hr

 

  275km/ 6hr45

 302km/ 7hr30m

 377km/ 8hr45m

 26km/ 9hr45m

 519km/13hr 45m

 577km/ 14hr30

Loilem

 96km/2hr 26

 151km/ 3hr50m

 275km/ 6hr45

 

 27km/45m

 102km/ 2hr

 151km/ 3hr35

  244km/7hr

 302km/ 7hr45m

Namsang

 123km/3hr15m

 179km/ 4hr30m

 302km/ 7hr30m

 27km/45m

 

 79km/ 1hr30

 124km/ 2h30m

217km/ 6hr15m

275km/7hr

Langkho

 198km/ 4hr30

 254km/ 5hr50m

377km/ 8hr45m

  102km/ 2hr

 79km/ 1hr30

 

 50km/1hr15m

 143km/ 5 hr

 200km/ 5hr45

Mongpan

266km/ 6 hr 15min

 302km/ 6hr50m

 426km/ 9hr45m

 151km/ 3hr35

  124km/ 2h30m

 50km/ 1hr15m

 

 93km/ 3hr45min

 151km/4hr30

Mongton

 359km/ 10hr

 396km/ 10hr50m

 519km/13hr 45m

 244km/7hr

 217km/ 6hr15m

 143km/ 5hr

 93km/ 3hr45min

 

 58Km/45m

Ponparkyin

 417km/ 10hr45m

 449km/ 11hr25m

 577km/14hr30

 302km/ 7hr45m

275km/7hr

 200km/ 5hr45

 151km/4hr30

 58Km/45m

 


Road Assessment Overview

AH1 Yangon-Naypyitaw-Pyawbwe: Yangon via Bago, Taungoo to Naypyitaw via old Yangon-Mandalay highway. Double lane smooth tarmac. Yangon to Bago 4-lane tarmac. Primary road for heavy trucks. Some delays while passing through villages and several times crossing the railroad.

AH3 Pyawbwe-Payarngarzu- Kalaw: It is double lane smooth tarmac and good primary road suitable for heavy trucks. After Payarngarzu junction road is steep and winding up to Kalaw and in this section, it can be seen many trucks stop for cooling the engine and brake shoes for long steep road. No major constraints. Distance: 100km, Time: 2hr33min, 40 km/hr average, 80 km/hr max speed.

AH3 Kalaw-Aungban-Taunggyi: Via Aungban, Shwe Nyaung and Ayetharyar towns. Double lane tarmac, this is primary road suitable for heavy trucks. Crossing hill country. No constraints. Distance: 71km, Time: 1hr50m, 40 km/hr average, 60 km/hr max speed.

Taunggyi-Pekon: Via AH3 up to Aungban and Pinlaung towns. The three-junction point heading to Pekon is situated between Aungban and Kalaw(AH3). Double lane tarmac, via AH3 and secondary road (union road), suitable for heavy trucks. Crossing hill country. No constraint. Distance: 157km, Time: 3hr40min, 43 km/hr average, 70 km/hr max speed.

AH3Taunggyi-Hopong-Loilem-Namsang: Via Hopong, Mong Pawn and Loilem town. Double lane, suitable for heavy trucks. Crossing hill country. No special constraints, except few windings. Distance: 123km, Time: 3hr45min, 38 km/hr average, 50km/hr max speed.

Namsang-Langkho: Via Mongnai town, Shan ancient place. Double lane, smooth tarmac, via secondary road, suitable for short-body heavy trucks (maximum 10 wheeler) for some turns. No special constraints, except the sharp turn. Distance: 79km, Time: 1hr30min, 40 km/hr average, 55 km/hr max speed.

Langkho-Mongpan: It can be classified as secondary road with smooth tarmac, but narrow at hilly places. Suitable for 6-wheeler trucks, however, the 10-wheeler lumber trucks are visible. Constraints: Steep and windings. Distance: 285km, Time: 5hr35min, 51 km/hr average, 92 km/hr max speed.

Mongpan-Mongton: It can be classified as secondary road with bumpy tarmac for 20 Km, tertiary road with narrow, sharp turn around uphill and downhill for 20 Km. It is suitable for 6 wheeler trucks, however, there are still 10-wheeler lumber trucks are struggling along the way. According to Mongpan township administrator, there is a plan to upgrade the road along Mongpan, Mongton and Monghsat.  Constraints: Steep and windings. Distance: 94km, Time: 3hr45min, 51 km/hr average, 92 km/hr max speed.

Mongton-Ponparkyin: It can be classified as secondary road with smooth single tarmac  and via Narkaungmu, where stationed by many civic armed groups. Suitable for heavy trucks(12 wheeler). Although there is no heavy truck being seen during the visit, there are many light vehicles and car workshops. Constraints: Security as there are many heavily armed group. Distance: 58km, Time: 1 hr, 58 km/hr average, 65km/hr max speed.

Ponparkyin-BP1: It can be classified as secondary road with bumpy and stony road. It is not allowed to access up to BP1 by the Government troop stationed at the checkpoint, except for the local villagers and few vendors. However, Thai authorities and other local armed groups based in those area had stressed to open the BP1 for the development of the area and there are likelihood to open it in the near future according to the township administrator. Current road condition is suitable for 6 wheeler trucks.  Constraints: security, no proper setup for border pass in place yet. Distance: 16km, Time: 1hr, 25 km/hr average, 35 km/hr max speed.