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Lebanon Road Network

Lebanon Roads

Lebanon has approximately 8,000 kilometers of roads, as well as a highway network linking the country with Syria.

There are three key road routes in the country, each radiating from Beirut. To the north is the road to Tripoli, Lebanon's second largest city, a route that also passes through such major towns as Jouniyeh and Jubayl. To the east, crossing the Lebanon Mountains is the highway to Damascus, passing through the key town of Chtaura. To the south is the road to Saida and Tyre. Lebanon possesses a second north-south road axis, running along the length of the Bekaa Valley. Roads in the northern valley converge on the Beirut-Damascus highway at Chtaura and link the important market towns of Baalbek and Zahle with the primary road network. The southern valley's local road network also centres on Chtaura at its northern end. 

Cross-mountain routes, which link the northern Bekaa Valley with Jouniyeh and Tripoli, and the southern valley with Saida, are of importance during times of conflict/adverse weather conditions.

While 95% of the roads are paved, the traffic rate is increasing very rapidly. Currently, Lebanon has one of the highest car/people ratios in the world with one car for every three people.

The relevant government agency, the Ministry of Public Works and Transport in Lebanon is organized into four directorates:

1)    Directorate General of Land and Maritime Transport, responsible for setting, implementing and monitoring all policies related to land and maritime transport

2)    Directorate General of Roads and Buildings, which is responsible for the construction, rehabilitation, and maintenance of public roads and government buildings

3)    Directorate General of Civil Aviation, responsible for setting and implementing air transport policies within the country in compliance with international policies, and for controlling the air traffic within the Lebanese territory

4)    Directorate General of Urban Planning, responsible for setting and putting into practice land use policies

Additionally, the Council of Development and Reconstruction (CDR), and the Ministry of Public Works’ Rehabilitation and Reconstruction are responsible for road construction and maintenance in Lebanon. 

 

Information on Road Authority contacts can be found in the following link:

4.1 Lebanon Government Contact List

Transport Corridors

Lebanon has three operating corridors with Syria.  These corridors are:

1)    Al Masnaa- Al-Jdeidah border entry point (at the eastern part of Lebanon) 60 km from Damascus and 110km from Beirut.  This is the main corridor that connects the Lebanese and Syrian capitals.

2)    Al-Arida-Tartous border entry point (at the northwest end of Lebanon).  This corridor is located at the coastal area and widely used for cargo transportation between Syria and Lebanon.  It is 45km far from Tartous on the Syrian side and 170km far from Beirut on the Lebanese side.

3)    Al-Abboudiyeh - Al-Dabouseyah border entry point (at the northeast end of Lebanon).  This corridor connects Homs governorate (from the Syrian side) with Tripoli (from the Lebanese side).  It is widely used for cargo transportation (especially in-transit cargo to Iraq).

During the winters, road challenges due to heavy snow have temporarily affected the use of the international highway leading to the Lebanon-Syrai Al Masnaa Crossing, at Dahr al Baidar area. However, this is usually cleared by the Ministry of Public Works within a maximum of one day. On a few occasions the Beirut-Damascus highway has also been closed due to security reasons, but overall remains the most consistent transport corridor from Lebanon to Syria.

 

Distance Matrix

Distances from Capital City to Major Towns (km)

 

Beirut

Tripoli

Sidon

Batroun

Tyre

Aley

Chtaura

Halba (akkar)

Beirut

 

88

46

56

91

14

40

114

Tripoli

 

 

130

33

175

92

86

30

Sidon

 

 

 

100

45

43

66

55

Batroun

 

 

 

 

147

63

65

63

Tyre

 

 

 

 

 

54

106

204

Aley

 

 

 

 

 

 

28

116

Chtaura

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

104

Halba (akkar)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Travel Time from Capital City to Major Towns (km)

 

Beirut

Tripoli

Saida

Batroun

Tyre

Aley

Chtaura

Halba (akkar)

Beirut

 

1.2 hrs

45 min

1 hr

1.5 hrs

15 min

45 min

2 hrs

Tripoli

 

 

2 hrs

30 min

2.5 hrs

1.5 hrs

1.5 hrs

30 min

Saida

 

 

 

2 hrs

45 min

45 min

1 hr

1 hr

Batroun

 

 

 

 

2 hrs

1 hr

1 hr

1 hr

Tyre

 

 

 

 

 

1 hr

2 hrs

2.5 hrs

Aley

 

 

 

 

 

 

30 min

2 hrs

Chtaura

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1.5 hrs

Halba (akkar)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Road Security

Road Security: Good

Public transportation is generally safe.  Emergency services in Lebanon are adequate. In case of a road accident, emergency numbers are 140 for the Red Cross and 125 for Civil Defence, and 112 for teh Police.

Weighbridges and Axle Load Limits

Since October 2014, in order to ease rush-hour congestion, a renewed plan by the government allows trucks to transport goods only from 10.00 hours to 14.30 hours and from 19.00 hours to 06:30 hours.

Axle load limits

Lebanon (Commercial) MT

 

Lebanon (Donations/ Humanitarian) MT

Truck with 2 axles

25

 

30

Truck with 3 axles

35

 

40

Truck with 4 axles

NA

 

NA

Semi-trailer with 3 axles

NA

 

NA

Semi-trailer (six wheels) with 4 axles

 

35

 

 

40

Road Class and Surface Conditions

From

To

International Road No.

Distance in km

Road condition & environment

 

No of. Lanes

Age

Environment

Dabousseyah cross border (Syria-Lebanon)

Aboudeyah cross border (Lebanon-Syria)

M51

18

2

>20

Coastal

Aboudeyah cross border (Lebanon-Syria)

Tripoli

M51

5

2

>25

Coastal

Tripoli

Beirut

M51

83

4 (Note: 2 and 3 lanes at some points)

>20

Coastal

Beirut

Al-Naqoora

M51

104

3 (and 2 lanes before Tyre until Naqoura)

>20

Coastal

Jedeidah cross border (Syria-Lebanon

Al-Massnaá cross border (Lebanon-Syria)

M30

6

2 lanes each side

>20

Mountainous

Al-Masnaa cross border (Lebanon-Syria)

Beirut

M30

53

4

>25

Mountainous

Total Lebanon International Road Distance

269 km

 

 

 

Road Inventory 

Classification

Width/meter

Length/ km

International Roads

10-14

269

Primary Roads (highways)

10-14

261

Primary Roads

8-10

1650

Secondary Roads

5-8

1340

Local Roads

4-6

2810

Total

 

6,330 km