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Overview

The public road network evolved from caravan dirt roads to a network of modern paved roads with the construction of a large number of modern bridges across the country. The total road network in Iraq, including paved and unpaved primary and secondary roads, and all other paved roads in the country, reached 58,592 km in 2018, according to the latest report of the Iraqi Ministry of Planning Iraq Ministry of Planning Central Statistical Information on Transportation. While the total length of the external roads network (outside the boundaries of the municipalities and the Municipality of Baghdad) is about 42,100 km comprising:
1. Freeway 1: It's the first and longest freeway in Iraq, it extends from Umm Qasr Port in Basra to Ar Rutba in Anbar with a length of 1,200 km (750 mi).
2. Arterial roads: That linking the provincial centres with a length of 11,000 km.
3. Secondary roads: That linking districts, counties with a length of 15,200 km.
4. Rural roads: That linking residential complexes in villages and rural areas with secondary arterial roads with a length of 3,700 km.
5. Border roads: That linking the borders crossings with a length of 11,000 km.
6. Freeway 2: Under construction with a length of 510 km.

The total number of cars and motorcycles for ministries and government agencies not affiliated with a ministry (130,775) vehicles, according to the following classification:
1. The total number of passenger cars (59,361) cars.
2. The number of total load cars (54,930) cars.
3. The total number of special specification cars is (13,304) cars.
4. The total number of motorcycles (3,180) bikes.

The total number of private sector cars, including KRI, amounted to (7,026,106) cars for the year 2020, and this total includes cars with plates (permanent, temporary inspection, national and parallel project).

In 2020, Ministry of Planning reported 8,186 traffic accidents causing (8,383) injuries and (2,152) deaths.

For more information on government contact details, please see the following link: 4.1 Government Contact List.

Distance Matrix

Distances from Capital City to Major Towns (km)


Baghdad

Najaf

Anbar

Sulaymaniyah

Erbil

Mosul

Dohuk

Basra

Baghdad


163

311

343

364

409

476

545

Najaf

163


430

496

532

567

635

455

Anbar

311

430


627

610

589

657

815

Sulaymaniyah

343

496

627


196

279

349

908

Erbil

364

532

610

196


87

157

891

Mosul

409

567

589

279

87


75

949

Dohuk

476

635

657

349

157

75


1,017

Basra

545

455

815

908

891

949

1,017


Travel Time from Capital City to Major Towns (Hours: Minutes)


Baghdad

Najaf

Anbar

Sulaymaniyah

Erbil

Mosul

Dohuk

Basra

Baghdad


02:15

03:47

04:40

05:28

04:54

05:48

06:46

Najaf

02:15


05:05

06:37

07:26

06:56

07:50

05:49

Anbar

03:47

05:05


07:40

07:20

06:53

07:47

09:34

Sulaymaniyah

04:40

06:37

07:40


02:46

03:52

04:44

10:22

Erbil

05:28

07:26

07:20

02:46


01:17

02:09

11:04

Mosul

04:54

06:56

06:53

03:52

01:17


01:07

11:17

Dohuk

05:48

07:50

07:47

04:44

02:09

01:07


12:11

Basra

06:46

05:49

09:34

10:22

11:04

11:17

12:11


Road Security

All roads inside Iraq are secured by either the Iraqi security forces in FI or/and the Kurdish security forces in KRI. There are many security checkpoints between Iraq's governorates. UN staff traveling on intercity roads require strict security clearance, and in most cases armed escorts (personal protection forces or police forces) are obtained. Radar Surveillance service is available 24/7. Traffic Police Patrol is available 24/7. Most of the roads are marked or have signs, and highway signs are usually available in (Arabic and English) in FI, and (Kurdish, Arabic, and English) in KRI.

Trucks laden with (humanitarian or commercial) goods must meet the following pass/move requirements:

  1. Security approvals: (NOC) within FI, (NOC and JCC) inter-regional movement (either form FI to KRI or vice versa,) and (JCC) for movement within KRI.
  2. List of goods (waybill/invoice/Good Receive Note/PL) per truck.
  3. Customs exemption letter (If applicable), usually requested.
  4. The contracted transporter should provide an updated customs clearance letter, which needs to be attached to the movement facilitation request.

Weighbridges and Axle Load Limits

Axle Load Limits

Iraq

Turkey

Jordan

Kuwait

Iran

Truck with 2 Axles

15 Tons

15 Tons

12 Tons

14.7 Tons

15 Tons

Truck with 3 Axles

25 Tons

25 Tons

18 Tons

16.1 Tons

20 Tons

Truck with 4 Axles

30 Tons

30 Tons

22 Tons

17.5 Tons

30 Tons

Semi-trailer with 3 Axles

25 Tons

25 Tons

21 Tons

18.9 Tons

25 Tons

Semi-trailer with 4 Axles

34 Tons

35 Tons

26 Tons

20.3 Tons

35 Tons

Semi-trailer with 5 Axles

35 Tons

N/A

28 Tons

26.7 Tons

35 Tons

Semi-trailer with 6 Axles

35 Tons

N/A

32 Tons

28 Tons

38 Tons

Truck & Drawbar Trailer with 4 Axles

30 Tons

N/A

28 Tons

24.7 Tons

35 Tons

Truck & Drawbar Trailer with 5 Axles

35 Tons

N/A

32 Tons

26 Tons

38 Tons

Truck & Drawbar Trailer with 6 Axles

38 Tons

N/A

32 Tons

32 Tons

45 Tons

Truck & Drawbar Trailer with 7 Axles

38 Tons

N/A

40 Tons

38 Tons

46 Tons

Road Class and Surface Conditions

Iraq Road Network (main roads) — WFP GeoNode