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Armenia has a relatively well-developed road network, serving all areas of its economy with 257.6 km of roads per 1,000 km2. Most of freight and passenger transport is made by road. The road network is 7,700 km long with 1,400 km of interstate roads, 2,520 km of regional roads and 3,780 km of local roads. Surface condition of these roads varies from excellent to fair, although all are passable. Many sections are dual carriageway. The southern half of the country is very mountainous and has only one single main road stretching from Vaik to Meghri on the Iranian border. Damage to this road due to an earthquake or landslide could severely affect transportation of supplies to the region. Secondary roads are in poor condition and local knowledge would be essential before dispatching any supplies along such routes. The average width of the main roads is from 6 to 8 m and the secondary roads up to around 5 m. The road surface is mainly asphalt. Most of the roads are open all year, however during the winter; the roads in the North (Shirak and Lori Marzes) and in the South (Synik) could be closed for shorter periods due to insufficient snow cleaning machinery. The heavy snow and fogs are mostly common from the end of January to the beginning of February 

From 1992 till nowadays road reconstruction and rehabilitation are one of main areas were government of Armenia is involved together with different international organizational and fund, such as World Bank and MCA (Millennium Challenges Account) and All Armenian Fund.  With help of these organizations all major roads and now even smaller road has been reconstructed and some portions even completely rebuilt. Such as recently built tunnel between roads Sevan-Dilijan let to bypass certain mount passes. Overall road maintenance relies on Ministry of Transport and Communication of the Republic of Armenia. 

Distance Matrix 

DISTANCES FROM CAPITAL CITY TO MAJOR TOWNS (km)

 

Yerevan 

Gyumri 

Vanadzor 

Goris 

Vardenis 

Ashotsk 

Meghri 

Idjevan 

Yerevan 

 -

125 

118 

240 

162 

160 

373 

135 

Gyumri 

125 

 -

60 

365 

238 

36 

498 

136 

Vanadzor 

118 

60 

 -

368 

166 

92 

491 

76 

Goris 

240 

365 

368 

 -

402 

400 

133 

375 

Vardenis 

162 

238 

166 

402 

 -

274 

535 

156 

Ashotsk 

160 

36 

92 

400 

274 

 -

533 

172 

Meghri 

373 

498 

491 

133 

535 

533 

 -

508 

Idjevan 

135 

136 

76 

375 

156 

172 

508 

 -

Road Security 

Public Safety is of major concern to the Republic of Armenia established in National Security Strategy of the Republic of Armenia. High level political interest in improving road safety clearly exists in Armenia, with the ambition to achieve the good practice road safety levels found in Europe. Armenia is firmly committed to improving its safety performance. In December 2005, a Presidential decree formed a multi-agency Task Force to develop proposals to address traffic management and safety issues and to develop proposals to reform the provision of traffic safety management services provided by the traffic police. 

The vehicle fleet in Armenia is old (12 years on average) and of relatively poor safety quality, however at least 10,000 newer vehicles are imported annually. Armenia is experiencing rapid growth in motor vehicle ownership and use. In the last five years the motor vehicle fleet increased by 30%, while the traffic carried by road increased by 38% (freight) and 61% (passengers). This rapid motorization is causing traffic congestion in Yerevan and traffic collisions to increase rapidly across the country 

There have been insecurity incidents on the border between Armenia and Azerbaijan mainly in areas of Tavush and Gegharkunik regions, with several incidents on road between Ijevan and Noyemberyan, which passes close to the border and military emplacements.

In the winter due to heavy snows some roads, especially road from Vanadzor to Yerevan and Yerevan to Kapan might be closed for one or two days, in winter all trucks have to have chains to drive through mountainous areas.

Weighbridges and Axle Load Limits 

According to local legislation there are limits on certain axle loads:

  • Single axle up to 10 mt
  • Double axle up to 18 mt
  • Triple axel up to 22 mt

Above these limits there are charges per km, which has to be paid at the border crossing, in case trucks are registered not in Armenia, and trucks registered in Armenia within 30 days.  

Charges per km for truck with single axle exceeding load of 10 tons 

AMD 

USD 

Load Capacity: From 10 – up to 10.5 tons 

45.00 

0.11 

Load Capacity: From 10.5 – up to 11 tons 

110.00 

0.27 

Load Capacity: From 11.00 – up to 11.5 tons 

175.00 

0.42 

Load Capacity: From 11.5 – up to 12.00 tons 

265.00 

0.64 

Load Capacity: From 12.00 – up to 12.5 tons 

375.00 

0.91 

Load Capacity: From 12.5 – up to 13.00 tons 

530.00 

1.28 

Load Capacity: From 13.00 – up to 13.5 tons 

770.00 

1.87 

Load Capacity: From 13.50 – up to 14.0 tons 

1100.00 

2.66 

Load Capacity: From 14.00 – up to 14.5 tons 

1430.00 

3.46 

Load Capacity: From 14.5 – up to 15.00 tons 

1760.00 

4.26 

Load Capacity: From 15.00 – up to 15.5 tons 

2100.00 

5.09 

Load Capacity: From 15.5 – up to 16.0 tons 

2400.00 

5.81 

Above 16.00 tons and higher 2400 AMD plus 45 AMD per each 500 kg per km 

 

Charges per km for truck with double axle exceeding load of 18 tons 

AMD 

USD 

Load Capacity: From 18 – up to 19 tons 

265.00 

0.64 

Load Capacity: From 19 – up to 20 tons 

380.00 

0.92 

Load Capacity: From 20 – up to 21 tons 

430.00 

1.04 

Load Capacity: From 21 – up to 22 tons 

700.00 

1.70 

Load Capacity: From 23 – up to 23 tons 

925.00 

2.24 

Load Capacity: From 23 – up to 24 tons 

1190.00 

2.88 

Load Capacity: From 24 – up to 25 tons 

1540.00 

3.73 

Load Capacity: From 25– up to 26 tons 

1950.00 

4.72 

Above 26 tons, 2650 AMD plus 55 AMD per each 1000 kg per km 

 

Charges per km for truck with triple axel exceeding load of 22 tons 

AMD 

USD 

Load Capacity: From 22 – up to 22.5 tons 

90.00 

0.22 

Load Capacity: From 22.5 – up to 23 tons 

110.00 

0.27 

Load Capacity: From 23 – up to 24 tons 

175.00 

0.42 

Load Capacity: From 24 – up to 25 tons 

265.00 

0.64 

Load Capacity: From 25 – up to 26 tons 

395.00 

0.96 

Load Capacity: From 26 – up to 27 tons 

550.00 

1.33 

Load Capacity: From 27 – up to 28 tons 

705.00 

1.71 

Load Capacity: From 28– up to 29 tons 

880.00 

2.13 

Load Capacity: From 29 –up to30 tons 

1080.00 

2.62 

Load Capacity: From 30 – up to31 tons 

1300.00 

3.15 

Load Capacity: From 31 – up to 32 tons 

1540.00 

3.73 

Load Capacity: From 32 – up to33 tons 

1805.00 

4.37 

Load Capacity: From 33 – up to34 tons 

2135.00 

5.17 

Load Capacity: From 34 – up to35 tons 

2650.00 

6.42 

Above 35 tons and higher 2650 AMD plus 45 AMD per each 1000 kg per km 

NOTE: For trucks crossing border, these charges are paid at the border to the customs office or at final destination before goods are released.

Axle load limits 

LCA Country 

Transit Country 

Truck with 2 axles 

18,000 kg 

10,000 kg 

Truck with 3 axles 

22,000 kg 

30,000 kg 

Truck with 4 axles 

36,000 kg 

40,000 kg 

Road Class and Surface Conditions 

According to local legislation (Nº 112 dated, 12th Jan, 2008) there are 3 types of roads in Armenia. They are interstate, republican and regional 

Classification 

Road Description 

Class: Interstate, code M1 RN 

From Yerevan– Gyumri – Gogavan, average width 8 mt 

Class: Interstate, code M2 RN 

From Yerevan– Goris – Meghri, average width 5 mt 

Class: Interstate, code M6 RN 

From Yerevan–Vanadzor – Sadakhlo, average width 5 mt 

Route Nationale (bitumen), Route Nationale (gravel), Route District (gravel), Unclassified Route, Urban Routes etc…