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Tribhuvan International Airport (TIA) is the international airport in Kathmandu, Nepal, and it is located 6 km from the city centre, in the Kathmandu valley. It is the sole international airport in Nepal, though Nijgadh International Airport has been proposed as a second one. Tribhuvan International Airport has served as an airfield since 1949, and was inaugurated in 1955 by King Mahendra, receiving its current name in 1964. Originally a grass runway, it was re-laid in concrete in 1957 and has been extended several times. The first jet aircraft landed at Tribhuvan in 1967 and regular jet operations commenced in 1972.

The airport has one domestic and one international terminal. In 2015, the airport handled 3.21 million passengers, with a 8.37% decrease from 2014. At present, about 30 international airlines connect Nepal to destinations in Asia and the Middle East, and the airport serves as a hub for several Nepalese airlines. In 2001, Royal Nepal Airlines discontinued their flights to Frankfurt and London, which severed Nepal's direct air links with Europe. Recently, Turkish Airlines launched direct flights from Istanbul to Kathmandu, re-establishing Nepal's connection with continental Europe. The Nepalese government has also recently announced that agreements have been made with Air New Zealand, Vietnam Airlines, and El Al to schedule direct flights to Kathmandu from Auckland, Hanoi, and Tel Aviv (not limited to codeshare flights).

The airport has a single 3,050 m (10,007 ft) concrete runway orientated 02/20. There is no instrument landing system available. TIA reports space available to accommodate approximately 13 x MI 17 helicopters at one time. In addition to the two public terminals, there is also a terminal for VIP guests.

ATM machines are available for cash withdrawals.

Location Details
CountryNepalLatitude27.69658
Province / DistrictCentral/ Kathmandu Longitude85.3591
Town or City (Closest)KathmanduElevation (ft and m)4,390 ft / 1,338 m
Airfield NameTribhuvan International AirportIATA and ICAO CodesTIA / VNKT
Open From (hours)6:00 am (16 February to 15 November)
6:30 am (16 November to 15 February)
Open To (hours)12:30 am

Runways

 

Runway #02

Runway Dimensions

3,050 m x 46 m / 150 ft

Orientation

02/20

Surface

Concrete

 

Runway #20

Runway Dimensions

2,928 m x 45 m /150 ft

Orientation

02/20

Surface

Concrete

Airport Infrastructure Details

Customs

Yes

JET A-1 fuel

Yes

Immigration

Yes

AVGAS 100

N/A

Terminal Building

Yes

Single Point Refueling

Yes

Passenger Terminal

Yes

Air Starter Units

Yes

Cargo terminal

Yes

Ground Power (mobile)

Yes

Pax transport to airfield

Yes

Ground Handling Services

Yes

Control Tower

Yes

Latrine Servicing

Yes

Weather Facilities

Yes

Fire Fighting Category (ICAO)

Yes

Catering Services

Yes

De-icing Equipment

n/a

Base Operating Room

Yes

Parking Ramp Lighting

Yes

Airport Radar

Yes

Approach & Runway Lights

Yes

NDB

Yes

VOR

Yes

ILS

N/A

 

 

Passenger and Cargo Performance Indicator

The government and the Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal (CAAN) are keen to be more flexible on increasing air seats and frequencies. Nepal has so far reached air service agreements and MOUs with 35 countries. Bilateral agreements with Qatar, Thailand, India and China are in the process of review. Recently the government has concluded agreements with Sri Lanka and Bahrain. CAAN is committed to cooperate with the Government for the maximum utilization of seats.

Performance for 2014

Annual Figures

Total aircraft movements

9,873 aircraft departures and 9,866 aircraft arrivals

Total passengers

1,363,862 OUT and 2,547,812 IN

Total capacity of the airport (metric tons)

15,468.06 MT

Current activity of the airport (metric tons)

N/A

Current use by Humanitarian flights (UNHAS)

N/A

Airport Operating Details

Operating Details
Maximum sized aircraft which can be offloaded on bulk cargo:A340, B777
Maximum sized aircraft that can be offloaded on palletA340, B777, B747
Total aircraft parking area (m²)Space for 9 medium and wide-body aircraft.
Storage Area (mt)10,200 m² of cargo storageCubic Meters (m³)N/A
Cargo Handling Equipment Available (Yes / No)

Yes

The following handling equipment is available at TIA:

  • Tow bars: for B707, B727, B747, DC-10, A300, A310, A320. Other aircraft types must supply their own.
  • Forklifts: 1x 10mt Clark; 1x 2mt Clark, 1x 3mt Clark Platforms: 2 x Ruthmann scissor lifts (14 meters)  
  • Conveyor belts: 5 Nordco belt loaders (166”) and 2 Diethelm belt loaders (166”)
If "Yes" specify below
Elevators / Hi Loaders (Yes / No)

Yes

High loaders: 1 x 7mt BMA high loader; 1 x 7mt Souam transporter; max pallet size: 96”x125”, 7 mt capacity

Max Capacity (mt)7 MT
Can elevators / hi loaders reach the upper level of a B747 (Yes / No)Yes. While only a few B747 aircraft have landed at the airport, they were not being used as cargo aircraft. This is due to the short runway.
Loading Ramps (Yes / No)N/A

Storage Facilities

Preparation of a TIA Master Plan for the years 2000, 2005 and 2015. In respect of the existing cargo building, the major challenge addressed and taken into account during the formulation of the master plan were the 'scattered and inadequate cargo facilities at three different locations'. Total floor area covered by these three facilities stood only at 3,500 m².  Therefore, a centralized Air Cargo Complex was constructed to address the issues with cargo safety, cargo building capacity and cargo handling management.  The new cargo facilities were put into operation in 2001 offering a total of 10,200 m² of indoor storage.

In addition to the 10,200 m² of covered warehouse space available at the cargo terminal, a 335 m² hanger and additional ground space are available for the placement of portable warehouses such as Rubbhall/Wiikhalls along the old runway.

Airfield Costs

Navigation Charges

Charges for aerodromes and air navigation services can be found in the following link: Aeronautical information Services-Nepal

Hangarage Charges

The criteria for the assessment of hangar charges is based on the maximum takeoff weight (MTOW) of the aircraft concerned.A housing fee at the rate specified below shall be payable for the housing of an aircraft at any aerodrome for each period of 24 hrs.


Firefighting and Rescue Services Charges
 

  • An amount at the rate of US $100.00 or equivalent in Nepalese currency for each 1,000 kg of the aircraft shall be charged for runway foaming
  • A fee of 200.00 Nepal Rupees for ambulance service for each time
  • Actual cost for search and rescue service and 15% service charge thereon shall be charged


Air Navigation Service Charges

An air navigational facility charges shall be payable in respect of each flight flying through airspace within the boundary of Kathmandu FIR at the rates specified below.

Cost basis for Air Navigation Services:

  • For calculation of all charges, total weight of the aircraft shall be used. The total weight of an aircraft shall be the maximum take-off weight as specified under the regulation of the state in which the aircraft is registered.
  • Exemptions/reductions and methods of payment are same as landing, parking and hangar charges.
  • Surcharge: An additional air navigation facilities charge shall be payable in respect of each flight operating at night or outside of the published operational hours of the aerodrome.


Method of Payment

Except as approved in writing by the Director General of the Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal, all fees except the passenger service charge and entrance fees shall be paid by the commander of aircraft or agent without demand before the aircraft departs from the aerodrome. For aircraft carrying out international flights, all payments of fees shall be made in US dollars.

 Aircraft Weight - MTOW (kg)

Navigation (per journey) USD - $

Landing (International Flights) USD - $

Parking (International Flights) USD - $

Hangarage Charges

0

10,000

$76.50

$1.25 per 1,000 kg 

$1.00 per 1,000 kg 

$2.25 per 1,000 kg 

10,001

25,000

$76.50

$12.25 plus $2.50 for each 1,000 kg in excess of 10,000 kg 

$1.00 per 1,000 kg 

$2.25 per 1,000 kg 

 25,00150,000

$152.75

$49.00 plus $3.75 for each 1,000 kg in excess of 25,000 kg$1.00 per 1,000 kg $2.25 per 1,000 kg 
50,00175,000$152.75$140.50 plus $6.00 for each 1,000 kg in excess of 50,000 kg

$49.00 plus $1.05 for each 1,000 kg in excess of 50,000 kg

$112.50 plus $3.40 for each 1,000 kg in excess of 50,000 kg
75,001100,000$305.50$293.25 plus $7.50 for each 1,000 kg in excess of 75,000 kg$49.00 plus $1.05 for each 1,000 kg in excess of 50,000 kg$112.50 plus $3.40 for each 1,000 kg in excess of 50,000 kg
100,001and over$305.50$475.00 plus $8.55 for each 1,000 kg in excess of 100,000 kg$122.25 plus $1.95 for each 1,000 kg in excess of 100,000 kg$282.50 plus $4.45  for each 1,000 kg in excess of 100,000 kg

 

Fuel Services Charges

 

Price per Unit

Jet A-1

 NPR 99.00 (Duty Paid) US$ 889/KL (Bonded)

Cargo Terminal Charges

A cargo charge at the rate of 50 paisa per kilogram shall be imposed on  cargo imported from abroad via air to the Kingdom of Nepal. A cargo charge at the rate of 30 paisa per kilogram shall be imposed on cargo transported on domestic flights.

Import

Rate US$ / kg

Handling Charge per kg

$6-7

Break Bulk Fee

N/A

Diplomatic Mail

$0.7

Strong Room – per consignment

N/A

Cold Storage Fee

N/A

Delivery outside normal working hours

$8/trip

Preparation of substitute AOA – Invoice – Receipt

$7-10 below 100 kg

Storage per kg per day – Grace period? hours

$5-6 mt/day for one month and above one month $10-12 mt/day

Export

Rate US$ / kg

Handling charges – Unpalletized cargo

$50/box

International Air WayBill

$2-5

Local Air WayBill

$20

Air Way Bill Amendment - Cancellation

Only air waybill fee

Air Way Bill Documentation

$40-45

Diplomatic Mail

$6-7

Storage charges per kg per day

$4-5

Security

 Good

There are security charges at the rate of 10% of the landing fees.

Companies Available 

For more information on airport companies’ contact details, please see the following link: 4.5 Nepal Airport Companies Contact List

Information on some aviation service providers can be found at: AZ Freight information on Nepal 

For more information on airlines and destinations, please see the following attachment: Nepal Tribhuvan International Airport - Airlines and Destinations