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Airport Overview

Tribhuvan International Airport (TIA) is the international airport in Kathmandu, Nepal, and it is located 6 km from the city centre, in the Kathmandu valley. The airport has one domestic and one international terminal. In 2019, the airport handled 4.14 million passengers, 4.70% decrease from 2018. Instrumental Flight Rule (IFR) + Visual Flight Rule (VFR) traffic is permitted.

Airport Location and Details
CountryNepal
Province or DistrictBagmati / Kathmandu
Nearest Town or City with Distance to AirportKathmandu
Airport's Complete NameTribhuvan International Airport
Latitude27.69658
Longitude85.3591
Elevation (ft and m)4,390 ft / 1,338 m
IATA CodeTIA
ICAO CodeVNKT
Managing Company or Airport Authority

Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal (CAAN)

Tribhuvan International Airport,

Tel +977-1-4113163, 4113033

Fax +977-1-4113180

AFS – VNKTYDYX

Email: tia_cao@caanepal.gov.np


Sundays to Thursdays: 10:00 -17:00 LT (Summer),

10:00-1600 LT (Winter)

Fridays: 10:00-1500 LT

Management Contact PersonN/A
Open From06:00 AM (16 February to 15 November)
06:30 AM (16 November to 15 February)
Open To03:30 AM


Description and Contacts of Key Companies

SN

Agencies related to Operation of TIA

Name

1

Multimodal Transport Operators

Nepal Transit and Warehousing Co. Ltd.

2

Management Company

Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal

3

Customs

TIA Customs Office

4

Freight Forwarders

Courier service providers, Nepal Freight Forwarders Association, Export Council of Nepal

5

Banks

Rastriya Banijya Bank, TIACO Branch

6

Quarantine

Food Import Export Quality Certification Office TIA

7

Shipping lines

N/A

8

Customs Agent

Customs Agents Association (100 licensed Agents)

9

Security

Nepal Army, Nepal Police

For more information on airport companies’ contact details, please see the following link 4.1 Government Contact List and 4.5 Airport Companies Contact List. 

Information on some aviation service providers can be found at: AZ Freight information on Nepal.


Passenger and Cargo Performance Indicators

Performance for 2019

Annual Figures

Total aircraft movements

32,439 (departures and arrivals combined)

Total passengers

4,138,563 (IN and OUT combined)

Total capacity of the airport (metric tons)

15,468.06 MT

Current activity of the airport (metric tons)

N/A

Current use by Humanitarian flights (UNHAS)

For the COVID-19 response WFP flights transported 82 m³ of critical medical supplies along with 7 passenger & cargo flights from Kuala Lumpur, 307 passengers from UN agencies, INGOs, and embassies. (175 outbound and 132 inbound passengers)

The cargo terminal at peak usage is very congested, especially the import section where 15 percent of the goods remain unclaimed. The Department of Customs have limited space to check the goods and make their assessments. TIA is the 4th largest border crossing point, with 9.54% share of total import value (ref: Dept of Customs, 2019/20).


Runways


 

Runway #02*

Runway Dimensions

3,050 m x 46 m / 150 ft

Orientation

02/20

Surface

Concrete

Strength

PCN 53 R/B/W/T

*Runaway has been rehabilitated and strength is more than 54 PCN (pavement classification number). Also, the length runaway is extended by 300 metres in 2020 to the south and the length has yet to be declared.


Runway #20

Runway Dimensions

2,927 m x 45 m /150 ft

Orientation

02/20

Surface

Concrete


Helipad

Helicopter operations are authorized in designated areas. TIA has designated east of runway 02-20 opposite to the taxiway no B and C as helicopter landing area.     


Airport Infrastructure Details

Customs

Yes, 0015-2145 UTC

JET A-1 fuel

Yes, During period of flight operation 8 refueler 1000L/m

7640 KL, 161 KL

Immigration

Yes, 0015-2145 UTC

AVGAS 100

N/A

Terminal Building

Yes

Single Point Refuelling

Yes

Passenger Terminal

Yes

Air Starter Units

Yes

Cargo terminal

Yes

Ground Power (mobile)

Yes

Pax transport to airfield

Yes

Ground Handling Services

Available with local airlines operators and Nepal Airlines and other operators

Control Tower

Yes

Latrine Servicing

Yes

Weather Facilities

Yes

Fire Fighting Category (ICAO)

AD Category IX, rescue equipment, removal capability

Catering Services

Yes

De-icing Equipment

n/a

Base Operating Room

Yes

Parking Ramp Lighting

Yes

Airport Radar

Yes

Approach & Runway Lights

Approach: High intensity consisting of extended center line 870 m

RWY:  High intensity center line lights, bi-directional raised white amber edge lights

NDB

ID: KAM Frequency 318 KHZ

VOR

DVOR DME; ID KTM, Frequency 113.2 MHZ CHN 79 X

ILS

N/A



Airport Operating Details

Operating Details

Maximum sized aircraft which can be offloaded on bulk cargo

Airbus 330, Boeing 777, IL76, MD10, DC10, ATR72, CRJ700/200, MA60, ATR42, JS41, B190, D228, L410, DHC6, Y12

Maximum sized aircraft that can be offloaded on pallet

A340, B777, B747, MD10, C30, IL76, A350-900,

Total aircraft parking area (m²)

11 Parking Bay for 5 Wide body Airbus 350, B787

Remote parking: 2 Boeing 777 200er and 2 ATR72s

Storage Area (MT)

Yes

Cubic meters (m³)

10,200 m² of cargo storage

Cargo Handling Equipment Available (Yes / No)

Yes, the following handling equipment is available at TIA:

  • Tow bars: for B707, B727, B747, DC-10, A300, A310, A320, B777, A330, A350, B787. Other aircraft types must supply their own.
  • Forklifts: 1x 10 MT Clark; 1 x 7 MT Clark, 1x 2 MT Clark, 1x 3 MT Clark
  • Platforms: 2 x Ruthmann scissor lifts (14 meters)  
  • 5 Nordco belt loaders (166”) and 2 Diethelm belt loaders (166”)

Elevators / Hi Loaders (Yes / No)

Yes

High loaders: 1 x 7MT BMA high loader; 1 x 7 MT Souam transporter; max pallet size: 96”x125”, 7 MT capacity

Max capacity (MT)

7 MT

Can elevators / hi loaders reach the upper level of a B747 (Yes / No)

Yes. While only a few B747 aircraft have landed at the airport, they were not being used as cargo aircraft due to the short runway.

Loading Ramps (Yes / No)

Yes, 7 ramps


Storage Facilities (Air Cargo Terminal)

CAAN has contracted the Nepal Transit and Warehousing Company Ltd (NTWCL) on a profit-sharing basis to operate the cargo complex specially to manage the warehousing space in clearly demarcated export and import section.

The Air Cargo Terminal at TIA is the only customs facility in the country where goods and parcels are processed for import and export via air internationally. The total capacity of the air cargo complex is 5430 sq. m, and it is divided by mesh wire barricade into equal half for imports and exports. 

Daily Capacity

Import section: 70-80 MT of goods flow per day from 40-45 international flights of which approximately 20 flights are cargo flights.

Export section: 75-100 MT of goods flow per day.

Handling Equipment

Nepal Airlines is responsible for ground handling of cargo at TIA. Indian Airlines and Thai Airways have ground handling equipment for their own needs, whereas Nepal Airlines does ground handling work for the other airlines and themselves.

Equipment

Available

Total Quantity and Capacity Available

Comments on Current Condition and Actual Usage

Forklifts

Yes

3 (2 diesel-operated of 5-ton, 1 battery operated of 1.5 ton)

Operational

Pallet Trolley

Yes

14 trollies

Operational


Airfield Costs

Charges for aerodromes and air navigation services can be found in the following link: Aeronautical information Services-Nepal

Below is the summary of some of the major charges, with 13% VAT applicable:

 Aircraft Weight - MTOW (kg)

Navigation (per journey) USD - $

Landing* (International Flights) USD - $

Parking (International Flights) USD - $

Hangarage Charges

0

10,000

$45.90

$1.25 per 1,000 kg 

$1.00 per 1,000 kg 

$2.25 per 1,000 kg 

10,001

25,000

$12.25 plus $2.50 for each 1,000 kg in excess of 10,000 kg 

 25,001

50,000

$76.50

$49.00 plus $3.75 for each 1,000 kg in excess of 25,000 kg

50,001

75,000

$152.75

$140.50 plus $6.00 for each 1,000 kg in excess of 50,000 kg

$49.00 plus $1.05 for each 1,000 kg in excess of 50,000 kg

$112.50 plus $3.40 for each 1,000 kg in excess of 50,000 kg

75,001

100,000

$305.50

$293.25 plus $7.50 for each 1,000 kg in excess of 75,000 kg

100,001

and over

$475.00 plus $8.55 for each 1,000 kg in excess of 100,000 kg

$122.25 plus $1.95 for each 1,000 kg in excess of 100,000 kg

$282.50 plus $4.45 for each 1,000 kg in excess of 100,000 kg

An additional charge will be levied for each landing made outside of the published operation hours of the aerodrome based on time used, on hourly basis. For international flights, this amount is fixed as NRS 35,000 (excluding 13% VAT) per hour. Security charges at the rate of 10% of the landing fees as mentioned above shall be imposed.

Fuel Services Charges

TIA has a fuel depot with capacity to store around 7640 kilolitres (KL) of ATF and 161 KL of fuel standby with refuelers provided by the Nepal Oil Corporation.


Price as of 26 August 2020

Jet A-1

NPR 65.00/ litre (duty paid); USD 868.00/KL (Bonded)

Cargo Terminal Charges

For information on service rates and charges

Category of Goods

Export

Import

General

Per kg NPR 1.10 or NPR 220 minimum; whichever is higher

Per kg NPR 5.85 or NPR 110 minimum; whichever is higher

Valuable

Per kg NPR 2.75 or NPR 275 minimum; whichever is higher

Per kg NPR 8.80 or NPR 220 minimum; whichever is higher

Perishable

Per kg NPR 2.20 or Rs 220 minimum; whichever is higher

Per kg NPR 8.80 or NPR 220 minimum; whichever is higher

Dangerous

Per kg NPR 5.50 or NPR 550 minimum; whichever is higher

Per kg NPR 17.60 or NPR 440 minimum; whichever is higher

Express Courier Bag, Express Courier Parcel and Express Cargo

Per kg NPR 5.50 or NPR 110 minimum; whichever is higher

Per kg NPR 5.50 or NPR 220 minimum; whichever is higher

Note: For the export and import of live animals, the service charge is double of service charge for valuable goods

Notes:

  • In case of palletization and de-palletization of the goods NPR 55 per ton will be charged.
  • In case of request from goods owner to manage goods beyond the office hours and in the holidays separate charge of NPR 220 per consignment will be levied.
  • Demurrage charge will be as follows; for export after 7 days for 30 days NPR 0.22 per kg will be charged and from 31 days to 60 days NPR 1.92 per kg will be charged, for import after 7 days for 30 days NPR 2.20 per kg will be charged and from 31 days to 60 days NPR 2.25 per kg will be charged


Security

Three security forces of Nepal work in conjunction to provide security at TIA: Nepal Police has the responsibility to control access and conducts search of passengers and goods. The Nepal Army and Armed Police Force have the responsibility to control and secure the premises of the TIA. Also, presence of Nepal Army’s Kali Dal Battalion adjacent to the premise of TIA bolsters the security all hours of the day and night.