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Wattay International Airport (IATA: VTE, ICAO: VLVT), the principle airport of Laos, is located 3 km from the centre of its capital, Vientiane. The airport consists of an old and small domestic terminal and a new international terminal. There is a military (air force) installation at one end of the airport.

The head office of the Department of Civil Aviation and head office of Lao Air are on the airport property. Amenities at the terminals include 280 seats in departure lounge, two passenger boarding bridges, offices for airlines and travel agencies, forex bureaus and banks, ordinary and duty-free shops, a post office, ATMs, restaurants, information desks, an internet café, bars and currency exchange counters. The immigration and customs areas are connected to the aircraft through jet bridges. Passenger lounges are also available in the terminals.

The airport has various ground transportation options available. Both public and private Vientiane airport bus transfer services are available, while official airport taxi services are available outside the arrivals hall. Car rental services are provided by Asia and BP.

A car park is located in front of the terminals and offers both covered and uncovered parking spaces.

Wattay International has an air traffic control tower with a total floor space of 1,780m².

Airport Location and Contact

Country

Lao PDR

Province or District

Vientiane Capital

Nearest Town or City
with Distance from Airport

Vientiane, 5kl

Airport’s Complete Name

Wattay International Airport

Latitude

17.988322

Longitude

102.563256

Elevation (ft and m)

564 feet
172 meters

IATA Code

   VTE, VLVT

ICAO Code

 

Managing Company or Airport Authority

Department of Civil Aviation

Management Contact Person

 

Open From (hours)

23:00

Open To (hours)

11:00

Airport Picture

Air Passengers

Laos has recorded steady growth in air passenger traffic over the recent years. In 2010, the national carrier Lao Airlines recorded about 500,000 passengers. This increased to 815,000 passengers in 2012. Passenger traffic has been boosted by the growing tourism industry, which recorded arrivals of 3.3 million tourists, an increase of 22% from the previous year. 

Vientiane/Wattay International Airport accounts for 60-65% of the total passenger movements in the country. The number of passengers has increased steadily from about 400,000 in 2005 to 685,000 in 2011, and 815,000 in 2012.

The international passenger terminal building was planned under the assumption of 250,000 passengers per annum in 2005 – with the number of passengers at the peak hour number estimated to be about 410 people each, for the departure and arrival.

Annual Number of Passengers – Vientiane International Airport

Year

International

Domestic

Total

2005

238,718

157,948

396,666

2010

434,280

160,986

595,266

2012

567,963

247,373

815,336

Source: JICA Study

Aircraft Movements

Annual Number of Aircraft Movements – Vientiane International Airport

Year

International

Domestic

Total

2005

4,465

4,367

8,832

2010

7,007

6,506

13,513

2012

8,263

8,157

16,420

Source: JICA Study

Air Freight Cargo

Land transport remains the main means of transport for cargo imports and exports in Lao PDR - the ratio of air transport is very small. Items exported by air are mainly documents including airmail and textile, and import items are typically small-sized electronic parts and small computers which are loaded in the small jet aircraft such as B737, A320 and A321 operated by TG, AK and VN. There is no exclusive cargo aircraft.

Annual Airfreight Traffic – Vientiane International Airport

Year

International (MT)

Domestic (MT)

Total (MT)

2005

1,649

163

1,812

2010

1,692

180

1,872

2012

2,008

632

2,640

Cargo Capacity

Air cargos of both international and domestic flights are handled in the small building located at the west side of the international passenger terminal building. The facility is small (about 50 mT capacity) and old. The new cargo terminal building was completed in May 2011 but remained unused pending contractual agreement between L-JATS and the users (Lao Airlines and Lao Central Airways). The capacity limit of the existing terminal building was calculated at 1,800 tons/year.

Total Aircargo

1,872 MT (2005), 2,640 MT (2012)

Airline Storage Floor Area (sq. m):

Basic Unit (ton/sq. m):

585

3.09

Current monthly use by Humanitarian flights (UNHAS)

None

Airfield Details

AIRFIELD DETAILS

Customs

Yes 

 

JET A-1 fuel

Yes 

Immigration

Yes 

 

AVGAS 100

Yes 

Terminal building

Yes 

 

Single point refueling

No 

Passenger terminal

Yes 

 

Starter units (press air)

No 

Cargo terminal

Yes 

 

Ground power (mobile)

Yes 

Pax transport to airfield

Yes 

 

Crash crew

No 

Control tower

Yes 

 

Aircraft support services

Yes 

Weather facilities

Yes 

 

Latrine servicing

Yes 

Catering services

Yes 

 

Fire fighting

Yes 

Base Operating room

Yes 

 

Fire fighting category (ICAO)

N/a

Airport radar

Yes 

 

Fire fighting equipment

Yes

NDB

Yes 

 

De-icing equipment

No

VOR

Yes 

 

IFR procedures

Yes 

ILS

Yes 

 

Runway lights

Yes 

Approach lights

Yes 

 

Parking ramp lighting

Yes 

 

 

Airport Communications

Vientiane Approach

Vientiane Tower

119.70

118.10

Latitude

17.988322
17° 59' 17.96" N

Nearby Navigation Aids

ID

Name

Freq

Radial/Range

ID

Name

Freq

Bearing/Range

VTN

VIENTIANE

117.50

135° /1.9

VE

VIENTIANE

205

315° / 3.1

UDN

UDON THANI

114.30

342° /38.1

VTG

VIENTIANE

405

025° / 9.8

UDN1

UDON THANI

113.90

340° /38.7

UD

UDON THANI

236

162° / 37.8

LOY

LOEI

115.90

056° /58.0

LY

LOEI

325

237° / 57.8

Runway

The runway is capable for the taking off and landing of large jets such as Boeing 747-400 corresponding to Code E with 3,000 m length and 45 m width. The approach route and departure route adopted the priority runway method to avoid flying onto the east side of the runway, especially for Thailand and the urban area of Vientiane. Based on the information from the controller, the ratio of landing and taking off of RW31 is 90% to around 95%.

The pavement of the runway was overlaid by asphalt on concrete pavement. The overlay pavement works were carried out through the assistance of Thailand in 2006. The runway turn pad of large jet such as RW13 has been put in place through a loan from the Chinese government in 2012.

 Source: JICA

RUNWAY (Runway 13/31)

Published length (meters)

3,000

Usable length (meters)

N/A

Width (meters)

45

Surface

Asphalt on concrete pavement

 

Runway 13  

Runway 31

Coordinates

N17°59.88'/E102°33.20'

N17°58.72'/E102°34.39'

Elevation

566

561

Heading

135°

315°

Helicopter Pad(s)

One permanant Helicopter spot at Wattay with room for others when required.

Helipad #1

Present (Yes / No)

Yes

Largest helicopter that can land

No restrictions

Width and Length (metres)

1 spot on apron allocated for helicopter (dimensions not available)

Surface

Asphalt-paved

Airport Operating Details

Apron capacity: at present 21 spots are in service - two for large jets, five for medium jets, seven for small jets, six turboprops, and one spot for helicopter. 

AIRPORT OPERATING DETAILS

Max size cargo aircraft that bulk cargo can be offloaded

Boeing 747-400

Max size palletised cargo aircraft that can be offloaded

Boeing 747-400

Total parking size (m²)

See section below

Cargo handling equipment

Yes

Elevators

Yes

Loading ramps

Yes

Costs - Airfield Charges

LANDING FEE CHARGES (USD)

Aircraft Weight – MTOW (MT)

Landing

Parking

Night Landing

0 - 20

$3/ton

First hour is free of charge. Each period of 24 hours or

fraction thereof which exceeds the first hour is charged 10% of the landing charges.

Day hours charges plus $50

21 - 40

$60 plus $3.5/ton

41- 100

$130 plus $4/ton

>100

$370 plus $5/ton

Day hours charges plus 10% of day hour charges

Exemption

Special VIP aircraft

Test flight aircraft flying within radius of <20 Km

Domestic Flights

Every domestic flight landing at Vientiane/Wattay International Airport, LuangPrabang, Savannakhet, and Pakse airports is charged 50% of the full rates mentioned above.

Helicopter

30% of the full rates mentioned above.

 

Passenger charges

1000 KIP per passenger for domestic destination

$10 per passenger for foreign destination

Exemption: state delegation, state guests, children below 2 years of age, transit passengers who do not leave airport

Radio Facility Charges

Piston Engine Aircraft: $160

Turbo Engine Aircraft: $240

Jet Engine Aircraft: $320

Charges for Luangprabang, Savannakhet and Pakse airports: 20% of the above rates

Exemption: Special VIP aircraft

Helicopter flying on domestic routes

En-route Navigation charges

Route/Charges

B465 or R474/$160

A1 or B460/$250

Exemption: Special VIP aircraft & Ambulance aircraft

The fuel market is regulated by the government. The Ministry of Industry and Commerce (MOIC) takes decisions on fuel prices based on the fluctuation of world oil price. LSFC is delegated by MOIC to adjust (increase or decrease) oil price in form of writing and disseminate it to all oil companied throughout the country.

The latest fuel prices can be obtained from http://www.laostatefuel.com/en/gas-price.html

Security

Laos is generally a peaceful country. Although there is no threat from international terrorism, airport security is strong. There is a police presence and the airport authorities have also engaged a private security company. The airport enforces and maintains strict international security checking standards.

SECURITY

Good

 

Fuel Services

The fuel supply station is located in the DCA control area in the airport. The Lao State Fuel Company (LSFC) has fuel supply tanks and handles refueling of the aircrafts. The fuel supply method is through the use of three fuel trucks and refueling at the apron. LSFC currently has three fuel storage tanks with a total capacity of 300 kl. 

Ground Handling Companies

Lao-Japan Airport Terminal Services Co., Ltd (“L-JATS”), is the Joint Venture Company with Lao Government and Japanese Company. L-JATS is the only authorized company to operate Ground Handling Service for international flight at Vientiane International Airport. It is the operator of Vientiane International Passenger Terminal including parking area in front of terminal and responsible for advertisement inside and outside of the terminal at Wattay International Airport.

 

For information on Laos Airport contact details, please see the following link: 

4.4 Laos Airport Company Contact List

For  information on Laos Airport additional details, please see the following document: 

Laos Airport Additional Details

 

Information on some aviation service providers can be found atAZ Freight information on Laos