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Airport Overview

King Mswati III International Airport is the largest airport in the country and serves as the base of Swaziland Air Link. The airport is operated by the Eswatini Civil Aviation Authority on behalf of the government of the Kingdom of Eswatini. The terminal was officially opened to the public in 2014, but aircraft operations had already started in 2013. The passenger terminal is a relatively big facility with a capacity to handle 300 passengers at any given time. The airport is well suited for operations of heavy aircraft, with its 3580m runway length, very high pavement classification number and elevation and reference temperature of 1092 feet and 30 degrees Celsius respectively.  It is certified for operations of a Boeing 777. The airport has enough space to handle cargo, has more than five cargo handling agents and two cargo and passenger aircraft handling agents.

The airport has no network of taxiways supporting the full length of the runway. The available taxiways connect the runway to the apron. Aircraft backtrack on the runway and turning pads are provided at the beginning of each runway to facilitate ease maneuvering before take-off. The airport operates during the day from 6am to 6pm daily, but is available for night operations if required. It is equipped with the necessary runway lighting to facilitate operations at night. Generally, the airport has most of the handling equipment necessary to take care of operations and hires from neighboring South Africa in instances where there is need for specialized equipment. There are no catering services available at the airport, but a catering structure is available. However, there is a network of hotels surrounding the airport where catering can be sourced.

Airport Location and Contact

Country

Kingdom of Eswatini

Province or District

Lubombo

Nearest Town or City with Distance from Airport

Siteki and 50 km from Manzini City

Airport’s Complete Name

King Mswati III (Sikhuphe) International Airport

Latitude

-26.348818

Longitude

31.722458

Elevation (ft and m)

1092ft / 332.84m

IATA Code

SHO

ICAO Code

FDSK

Managing Company or Airport Authority

Eswatini Civil Aviation Authority

Management Contact Person

Mr. Bongani E.M Lukhele

Director, Eswatini Civil Aviation Authority

+268 23335000 / 5301

bongani@eswacaa.co.sz

Open From (hours)

06:00

Open To (hours)

18:00

Airport Picture

A. Terminal Building

B. Cargo Centre

C. Police Post

D. Catering Building

E. Airside Vehicle Access Gate

F. Control Tower

G. Fire and Rescue and Maintenance Centre

Description and Contacts of Key Companies

  • Ground Handling Companies - The two ground handling companies at the airport are Royal Eswatini National Airways Corporation (RSNAC) and Aviation Associates. The Ground Handling Companies broadly offer all those services required by an aircraft between landing and take-off, for example, the marshalling of aircraft, loading/unloading, refueling, baggage handling, passenger handling, aircraft maintenance and so on.
  • Airlines - The two airlines housed at the airport are Royal Swazi National Airways Corporation and Swazi Airlink. They are responsible for moving people and cargo in and out of the Kingdom of Eswatini.
  • Eswatini Revenue Authority - Eswatini Revenue Authority is responsible for regulating the export and import of goods into the country, which includes collecting customs duties and preventing smuggling and illegal trade.
  • Eswatini Immigration - Immigration office is involved in ensuring the Kingdom of Eswatini immigration laws are adhered to and includes the checking of eligibility of passengers entering as well as leaving the Kingdom.
  • Port Health - Port Health serves as the first line of defense to protect the citizens of the Kingdom of Eswatini and visitors against the entry of communicable diseases associated with cross border movement of people, conveyances, baggage, cargo and imported consignments.
  • Police and Military - Police and the military provide security to the airport facility and its environs as well as administration of the Police Act in instances where disorder is promoted.
  • Nedbank - The bank facilitates the exchange of currency to promote economic transactions.
  • Car Rental - There is AVIS Car rental whose responsibility is to provide car rental services to mostly passengers and the public.

For more information on airport contacts, please see the following link: 4.5 Airport Companies Contact List.

Information on some aviation service providers can be found at: http://www.azfreight.com/ 

Passenger and Cargo Performance Indicator

The airport has sizeable space to take care of perishable, general cargo, live animals and valuable cargo. Currently it is operating well below capacity because of the level of activity. There are more than five cargo agents servicing the airport as well as two cargo aircraft handling agents. In terms of passengers, the airport has the capacity to handle 300 passengers at a specific point in time and again it is operating well below capacity because of the low level of aircraft and passenger movement. There are no measures contemplated at the moment relating to both cargo and passengers as the airport has excess capacity.

Performance for 2018


Per Year

Per Month

Per Day

Total Aircraft Movements

3 334

277

12

Total Passengers

56 755

4 600

164

Total Capacity of the Airport (MT)

1550

-

-

Current Activity of the Airport (MT)

56 755

4 600

164

Current use by Humanitarian Flights (UNHAS)

Nil

Nil

Nil


Currently the airport has excess cargo capacity. It can take care of perishables, general, valuable and plant and animal cargo and even human remains. 

Runways

The runway dimensions are 3580 m x 45 m, a Pavement Classification Number of 59, and asphalt pavement and friction tested in December 2016. There are no runway structural issues to talk about as this is a new facility.

Runway #1

Runway Dimensions

3580 m x 45 m

Orientation

02/20

Surface

Asphalt

The runway is served by one Instrument Landing System (ILS Cat1) and two VOR approaches. Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) approaches as well as GNSS based Standard Instrument Departures and Standard Arrival Procedures are currently under design. 

Airport Infrastructure Details

In addition to the physical attributes outlined above, the runway is equipped with approach and runway lighting.  There is also a secondary power supply with a switch over time of 15 seconds. The ILS and other navigation aids serving the airfield are calibrated every 6 months. GNSS based Standard Instrument Departures and Standard Arrival Procedures are currently under design.

Customs

Yes

JET A-1 fuel

Yes

Immigration

Yes

AVGAS 100

No

Terminal Building

Yes

Single Point Refuelling

No

Passenger Terminal

Yes

Air Starter Units

Yes

Cargo terminal


Ground Power (mobile)

Yes

Pax Transport to Airfield

Yes

Ground Handling Services

Yes

Control Tower

Yes

Latrine Servicing

Yes

Weather Facilities

Yes

Fire Fighting Category (ICAO)

Cat 7 upgradable to 9 on request

Catering Services

No

De-icing Equipment

No

Base Operating Room

Yes

Parking Ramp Lighting

Yes

Airport Radar

Yes

Approach & Runway Lights

Yes

NDB

Yes

VOR

Yes

ILS

Yes



Airport Operating Details

Operating Details

Maximum Sized Aircraft that can be Offloaded on Bulk Cargo

A340-600

Maximum Sized Aircraft that can be Offloaded on Pallet

B747-400

Total Aircraft Parking Area (m²)

N/A

Storage Area (m3 and MT)

N/A

Handling Equipment

Elevators / Hi Loaders

Yes

Max Capacity (MT)

N/A

Max Height (m)

N/A

Loading Ramps

Yes

Other Comments

N/A

Customs Guidance

Customs officials are responsible for regulating the import and export of goods into Eswatini.  Customs clearance depends largely on the processing speed of the assigned clearing agent. It is recommended that paperwork be presented on the previous day for the goods to be collected on the following day. The customs offices are located inside the passenger terminal and at the Cargo Centre and they are open every time the airport is open, and this happens to be 6am to 6pm for the time being.

For more information on customs in Eswatini, please see the following link: 1.3 Customs Information. 

Storage Facilities

Currently cargo can be stored at the warehouse for a maximum of 3 days before it starts attracting charges. The Cargo warehouse is segmented into various categories of cargo i.e. Perishable cargo, general cargo, live animals, valuable cargo etc. Space is limited to each category type according to current demand.   Documentation is done by Cargo agents and they also give guidance on the applicable taxes. No security charge is levied.

Airfield Costs

Navigation Charges

Air navigation charges are billed by Air Traffic and Navigation Services (ATNS), South Africa on behalf of Swaziland and can be contacted on www.atns.com. Information for this table is attached as Airport Charges but handling charges are filled in. The airport charges are denominated in Emalangeni which can be converted to US dollars using the prevailing exchange rate.

Charges

Aircraft Weight - MTOW (kg)


0 - 7,000

7,001 - 136,000

136,001 and over

Navigation (per journey) USD - $




Landing USD - $

USD22



Night Landing USD - $

N/A



Night Take-Off USD - $

N/A



Parking

First four (4) hours free, then usd 5 per 24 hour period or part thereof



Handling Charges

USD400.00

USD3000.00

USD4200.00

Fuel Service Charges

Avgas is not available at King Mswati III, but at Matsapha Airport, which is 50km away. Jet A1 charges change every month, but the price is generally 90 US cents a litre as of March 2022.


Price per Litre USD - $

Jet A-1

$1

Avgas

Nil

Cargo Terminal Charges

A detailed narrative relating to cargo can be found with both the cargo handling agents, cargo aircraft handlers and the Revenue Authority whose contact details have been included in this document. It is important to enter into some contractual arrangements for any credit to be granted by the Handling Company. Credit terms can always be applied for and granted only to reputable and organizations of good standing.  Otherwise only cash settlements are prescribed.

Import Charges

Type of Charge

Rate USD - $ per kg

Comments

Handling Charge

Min 11 US$ >150KG<10c/kg

US$11 the min charge.

Break Bulk Fee

Nil

Pallet breaking charge per pallet

Diplomatic Mail

Min 11 US$ >150KG<10c/kg


Strong Room – per consignment


No charges applied

Cold Storage Fee

Nil

Charge is per shipment min is 65kg

Delivery Outside Normal Working Hours

Not applicable

Not applicable

Preparation of substitute AOA – Invoice – Receipt


Not applicable for now

Storage per Day

US$3.5/50kg

Grace period (Hours)?

Export

Handling Charges – Un-palletized Cargo

Min 11 US$ >150KG<10c/kg


International Air Waybill

1.55US$/kg


Local Air Waybill

1.55US$/kg


Air Way Bill Amendment - Cancellation

US$50.00

Applies to both cancellation and amendments

Air Way Bill Documentation

US$8.00/kg


Diplomatic Mail

1.55US$/kg


Storage Charges per Day

US$3.5/50kg


Air-Bridge Charges

N/A

Security

The security setup of the airport is based on a team approach capable of preventing, detecting and responding to security emergencies and is provided in 4-fold; Aviation Security (AVSEC) at the epicentre of aviation operations, the Police, the Army and Contract security with their duties as follows;

  • AVSEC – mainly for access control and the screening of persons, baggage, mail, cargo, vehicles, CCTV monitoring and perimeter patrols to mention but a few.
  • The Police – they act as an AVSEC backup and provide intelligence to airport operations, conduct background checks and vetting as well as other general policing functions.
  • Army (UEDF) – for the overall protection and intelligence of the Airport and off-site facilities since an airport falls under National Key Points.
  • Contract Security – they act as an extended arm and eye for AVSEC mainly in guard and patrol duties on the landside area of the airport.

All the security measures in application are based on a risk assessment and a collective contingency plan is in place to ensure preparedness.  Such a plan is periodically tested for efficiency and applicability.

Due to financial constraints, our screening   machines are currently single view models, rendering it difficult to detect some prohibited items in the x-ray machines. The plan is to buy the equipment in peace meal, spanning for about 5 years depending on the availability and distribution of the subvention to SWACAA. The State is in a process of establishing an Air Navigation Service (ANS), which department is by standard required to develop a security programme. The ANS Security Programme shall cover all air navigation security concerns. The AVSEC Operations Unit has also introduced an Internal Quality Control Programme, which programme has been designed to detect and minimise security deficiencies as early as practicable.