For information on Mongolia airports contacts details, please see the following link: 4.4 Mongolia Airport Company Contact List
Key airport information may also be found at: World Aero Data information on Mongolia
Ulaanbaatar receives 98% of international flights. Khovd, Choibalsan, and Ulgii have scheduled international flights. Khovd and Choibalsan to Inner Mongolia and Ulgii to Kazakhstan. In the event of Ulaanbaatar International Airport being rendered inoperable, there is a reserve military airport that is administered by the Ministry of Defence. It is located 45km from Ulaanbaatar (near Nalayh) and has a runway length of 3000m but is not of a significant width to land anything over a C130. There is limited information known about this airport, but logistical gaps may include cargo handling equipment, aircraft handling equipment and inadequate storage (none of which is heated).
Few domestic airports have infrastructure that complies with the International Civil Aviation Organization standards, but they mostly have sufficient infrastructure to accommodate the few scheduled domestic services that operate. Mongolia has a total of 21 licensed domestic airports (see annex - Domestic Airports of Mongolia). Nine of these have paved/asphalt runways, and only these and one other have runway lighting. All nine paved/asphalt runways exceed 2,200 m in length and the sixteen unpaved runways exceed 1,600 m. Grass/gravel runways are used for operations by un-pressurized turbo-prop aircraft, such as have been used on domestic services for the last three decades.
Operations during winter can severely hamper air traffic due to inadequate snow clearing and deicing equipment. Domestic air traffic control services were upgraded through an Asian Development Bank loan during the 1990s and are generally now adequate. Mongolia is Signatory to the Chicago Convention on International Civil Aviation from 1989 and number of International Treaties. Mongolia is a party to the International Air Transit Agreement of 1944 from 2004 and a party to the Cargo only related Protocol of the Multilateral Agreement on the Liberalization of International Air Transportation (MALIAT). Civil Aviation Authority of Mongolia (CAAM) sits within the Ministry of Road, Transportation, Construction and Urban Development. They are responsible for aviation safety, airports in Mongolia, registration of aircraft, security. All aircraft handling charges are levied by them and are the same for all airports in Mongolia.
Procedures for Foreign Registered Aircraft
To register a foreign aircraft, the interested party must apply to the Civil Aviation Authority. A form 'B' must be completed (see annex - Flight Request Form). The following documents must also be submitted via email (email@example.com):
- air operator certificate
- aircraft registration certificate
- airworthiness certificate
- radio station license
- pilot license
- pilot medical certificate
- confirmation of A/C ACAS/TCAS and GPWS equipment
This information must be submitted at least 3 days prior for processing.
For information on Mongolia airports contacts details, please see the following link:
For information on Mongolia domestic airports details, please see the following document:
Note: The information provided in the attached documents, which has been taken from the old DLCA, does not match the structure of the new LCA and is therefore provided separately