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Key port information can also be found at: Maritime Database website information on Port of Gwadar

Port Overview

PORT LOCATION & CONTACTS

Country

Pakistan

Province and District

Baluchistan

Town or City (Closest)

Gwadar

Port Name

Gwadar Port

Latitude

25.12249951

Longitude

62.320165386

Company / Port Authority

Gwadar Development Authority & China Overseas Port Holding Company

Management Contact and Position

Director General Operation (GPA)

Management Contact and Position

Operation Manager – COPHC and GILLT

Currently, Pakistan has two operational international deep-sea ports: Karachi Port and Port Qasim. During the coming years, their capacity expansion programs are unlikely to keep pace with the expected growth in demand, resulting in a need for a third port to fill the gap. In particular, Karachi Port has significant limitations mainly due to its location within the populous Karachi city and will not be able to keep up with the ever growing demand in the coming decades.

In the case of Port Qasim, although having substantial space for expansion, its pace of development is hampered by its up-stream location, which is more than 40 km from the open sea, resulting in long turnaround time for incoming ships. This is not an issue for cargoes that are linked to industries located near the port, but it has cost implications for cargoes that have origins and destinations elsewhere.

Against this background, it was deemed timely to construct and inaugurate a third deep-sea port for Pakistan so as to ensure that national development is not hampered by a lack of national port capacity in the future. Given the expected rapid growth in demand for port capacity, it is likewise important to continue expanding the capacity of Gwadar port over the coming decades. In 2007, the Gwadar Port was inaugurated and started functioning. It is situated on the shores of the Arabian Sea in the city of Gwadar, located in the Pakistani province of Baluchistan. The port is located roughly 620 km from Pakistan's largest city and economic hub, Karachi, and is approximately 120 km from the Iranian border. It is administratively managed by the Gwadar Port Authority, however, operationally it has been handed over to a Chinese company, China Overseas Port Holding Company (COPHC).
The Gwadar Port, currently has three 200 Meter long conventional berths with a turning basin of 45 m diameter and a 4.5 KM approach channel that is dragged to 12.5 meters. The port also has all necessary handling equipment including tug boats, pilot boats survey vessels, etc. 

Expansion under CPEC

Under the China Pakistan Economic Corridor plan, COPHC will expand Gwadar Port with the construction of nine new multipurpose berths on 3.2 KM of seafront to the east of the existing multipurpose berths. COPHC will also build cargo terminals in 12 km of land to the north and northwest of the site along the shoreline of the Demi Zirr bay.
In addition, the Gwadar Port dredging project will deepen approach channels to a depth of 14 meters from the current 12.5 meter depth that will enable docking of larger ships with a deadweight tonnage of up to 70,000 at Gwadar Port. It is estimated that till date, the port has handled over one million ton of cargo which mainly include construction material for other CPEC projects. COPHC plans to eventually expand the port's capacity to up to 400 million tons of cargo per year. Long terms plans for Gwadar Port require a total of 100 berths to be developed by 2045.

Description and Contacts of Key Companies

For information on Port of Gwadar contacts details, please see the following link: 4.3 Pakistan Port and Waterways Company Contact List

Port Performance 

 

The Gwadar Port has been underutilized for commercial import and export since its development due to reasons such as distance from the market places of the country, security and services availability, etc. Gwadar Porthas so far only handled government Imports of Wheat Grain (2008) and Fertilizers (2008 -2014) while currently post-handover to COPHC, it’s only handling project cargo for its own infrastructure development and expansion projects.
During 2017, the Port has received 145 TEUs (20 feet containers - Project Cargo), and no general cargo vessel. Nonetheless, with the completion of few development project by 2019, the Port is expected to start functioning at its full capacity. A weekly feeder service to Jabel Ali of COSCO, shipping line, is also expected to start, however, for the time being no other shipping line except the Chinese and Arabs have expressed their interest.

 

PERFORMANCE FOR YEAR: 2017

Vessels calls

09

Container traffic (TEUs)

145

Total cargo handling (metric tonnes)

Approx. 3,600 MT

Total annual capacity of the port

 

 

CAPACITY for YEAR: 2017

Bulk

Container

Conventional

mt / Year

TEU’s / Year

mt / Year

Export activity of the Port

None

None

None

Import activity of the port

Approx. 3,600 MT

145

 

Current yearly import by Humanitarian Organizations (break by organization if possible) through that port

None

None

None

Top 1 Organization , GOP

None

None

None

Top 2 Organization  COPHC

Approx. 3,600 MT

145

None

Imported for this LCA Country

None

None

None

 

Discharge Rates and Terminal Handling Charges

Pilotage fees: Piloting service, unlike other ports in Pakistan, are provided by the terminal handling company i.e. Gwadar International Terminal Ltd. (GITL). The charges are 100 USD one way.

 

Tug services similarly, tugging services are also provided by the terminal at the rate of 970 USD, one way.

Mooring services: Currently, mooring services are made part of tugging services, however, in the future tariff may include separate rates.

Supply of fresh water: A desalination plant has been set-up at Gwadar Port to supply 100,000 gallons/day of drinking water to ships at Gwadar Port.

Laying up of Vessels

Formulation of rates for laid-up vessel is in progress.

 

Berthing Specifications

PORT SPECIFICATIONS

TOTAL BERTHS:

Quantity

Length (m)

Draft (m)

Conventional Berths

03 General Purpose

200 m Each

12.5

Container Berths

01/03

200 m

12.5

Bulk Oil Jetties

None

 

 

Cased Oil Jetties

None

 

 

Bulk Cement Berths

The Same berth are used

 

 

Lighterage & Dhow  (other) Wharves

 

 

 

Explosives Jetty

None

 

 

Berthing Tugs & Mooring Boats

2

 

Pilot Boats

1

 

Water Barges

0

 

Police Boats

1

 

Anti-pollution Boats

0

 

Speed Boats

1

 

 

General Cargo Handling Berths

PORT CARGO EQUIPMENT (OPERATIONAL)

Appliance

Quantity

Capacity

Rail Mounted Cranes

02

40 Tons 40 Meter

Rail Mounted Cranes

02

10 Tons 33 Meters

Rail Mounted Crane

01

20 Tons 33 Meters

RTGs Cranes

02

40 Tons

Mobile Cranes

02

10 Tons

Refrigeration Container Sockets

400 Sockets

 

Power House Main Generators

03

1.5 MW Each

Power House Emergency Generator

01

116 KW

Fork lift trucks

12

5 Tons

Container Reach Stackers

02

40 Tons

Container tractors

06

 

Container semi-trailers

04

1 FEU

Truck

04

25 Tons Flat bed

Trucks

04

10 Tons Flat bed

Hopper and Bagging Plants

08

6X6 and 50 tons/hour

Weighing bridges

02

80 Tons

Oil Tanker

01

 

Fire engines

02

 

 

Container Facilities

CONTAINER FACILITIES

 

 

20ft (TEUs)

40ft (FEUs)

Container facilities

Yes

Yes

Daily off-take capacity

250 TEUs Approx.

200 FEUs Approx.

Container Freight Stations (CFS)

Yes

Yes

Number of CFS

None

None

Capacity of CFS

None

None

Refrigerated Container Stations

Yes

Yes

Number of Stations (connection points)

400 Points

 

General Cargo Handling Berths

 

General Cargo - Imports

Berths

Imports – Bagged Cargo

02

Exports – Bagged Cargo

02

Imports – Steel Goods

02

Imports & Exports – Ro-Ro

01

Imports – Vehicles

None

Others Imports

 

 

Oil Handling Terminal

 

None

 

Multipurpose Terminal

 

One

 

Grain / Bulk Handling

 

Since the establishment of the Port, Gwadar Port has only handled 70,000 of Wheat Grain and around 500,000 tons of fertilizer.

 

Main Silo Terminal

 

None

 

Main storage terminal

 

3,000 SqM Covered Warehouse

 

Containerized Cargo Handling Charges

 

 

(TEUs)

 (FEUs)

Terminal Handling Charges

40 USD

50 USD

Containers handled via a conventional ship

               40 USD

                 50 USD

Containers handled on a Ro-Ro basis

No tariff available

No tariff available

Empty containers

 

 

Transshipment containers, overland containers, containers

shipped & re-landed or landed & re-shipped or shifted from hold to hold

 

 

 

Customs Guidance

For more information on customs in Pakistan, please see the following link:  1.3 Pakistan Customs Information

 

Customs Information

Document Requirements

Generally, MCC Gwadar requires all the certificate and document applicable as per Pakistan Custom Act i.e. Original Exemption Certificate, Original Bill of Lading, Packing List, Commercial Invoice, Hallal Certificate, PSQCA Certificate for Edible Oil and Phytosanitary Certificate for Plants and Plant Products

Embargoes

Same as Karachi and Port Qasim

Prohibited Items

Mainly Pork and Alcohol, however, Pakistan Customs Act and Import policy includes the list of certain none food items too.

General Restrictions

As per the import policy

 

Customs Clearance Document Requirements (by commodity)

 

Food

NFI (shelter, wash, education)

Medicines

Vehicles and Spare Parts

Staff (office) Supplies

Telecom Equipment

D&T Exemption Certificate

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

Invoice

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

AWB/BL/Other Transport Document

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

Donation/Non-Commercial Certificate

NO

NN

NO

NO

NO

NO

Packing List

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

Phytosanitary Certificate

YES (Not for Processed Food)

NO

NO

NO

NO

NO

Other Documents

PCQCA Certification of OIL, Hallal Certificate, BBD Certificate

Goods Specification

BBD Certificate, Production and Analysis Certificate

NO

NO

Detailed Goods Specification

Additional Note

Customs at Gwadar Port is well conversant with the procedure of clearance of exempted cargo. Nonetheless, two very important federal departments (Plant Protection and Pakistan Standards Quality Control authority) do not have their presence at Gwadar Port, and in case of any arrival of food especially plant products inspectors from Karachi would have to be taken to Gwadar that may cause additional time and cost for Clearance.

 Customs at Gwadar doesn’t use the WeBOC for the time being, hence, their procedural turnaround time is almost double than Karachi and Port Qasim.