The Port of Beira is the second largest port in Mozambique. It is located at the mouth of the Púngue River, 20 km from the open sea and about 1,200 km north of Maputo.
Served by extensive rail and road network systems, Beira is the main port for exports and imports from the Mozambique provinces of Sofala, Manica and Tete, and a strategic gateway for the landlocked countries in southeast Africa. It provides a short and quick access route for transit cargoes to/from Zimbabwe, Malawi, Zambia, Botswana and DRC. A fuel pipeline also links the port with Zimbabwe.
The port of Beira has 11 berths stretching over a total length of 1,994m. This excludes berth Nr 1, which is reserved as a fishing harbour. ‘Cornelder de Moçambique’ (CdM), a joint venture between CFM (parastatal) and Cornelder Holding from the Netherlands, has operated it since 1998.
Beira is a tidal port – pilotage and tug assistance is therefore compulsory at all times. Access to the port is via the Macuti Channel (17 nautical miles from the Macuti lighthouse). After a recent dredging operation, the width of the channel is now 250m, and depth is 8m on the straight sections and 9.20m on the Macuti bend. Systematic dredging is required to maintain the channel depths and width.
The port of Beira is able to receive ships with a maximum tonnage of 60,000 tons, 24 hours a day. Vessels awaiting berth must anchor at the bar.
Key port information may also be found at:
Port Location and Contact
Province or District
Nearest Town or City with Distance from Port
Beira Port in town
Port's Complete Name
Port of Beira
Managing Company or Port Authority
Cornelder de Mozambique
Management Contact Person
Nearest Airport and Airlines with Frequent International Arrivals/Departures
Beira International Airport
LAM and SAA
Description and Contacts of Key Companies
Cornelder Mozambique manages the port.
For more information on port contacts, please see the following link: 4.3 Port and Waterways Companies Contact List
Beira is a tidal port – pilotage and tug assistance is therefore compulsory at all times. Access to the port is via the 17 nautical miles long Macuti Channel, with 250m width and 8m depth.
The port of Beira is not congested. It is able to receive ships with a maximum tonnage of 60,000 tons, 24 hours a day.
Berth occupancy in 2017 was 59% at the Container Terminal and 80% at General Cargo berths.
Despite the increased tonnage handled, the Container Terminal is not congested. Container dwelling time is less than 10 days. With regard to bulk cargo (e.g. maize, wheat), productivity is around 150 mt/gang/hour, and bagged cargo averages 30 mt/gang/hour.
Restricted road access to the port (roads are too narrow) and bureaucratic delays in the documentation process constitute the main constraints.
Priority for humanitarian cargo is easily negotiable.
From November to March
Major Import Campaigns
There was a total of 35 days without navigation in 2017 due to declared bad weather.
Handling Figures for 2017
479 (486 in 2016)
Container Traffic (TEUs)
218,876 (197,183 in 2016)
Handling Figures Bulk and Break Bulk for 2017
5,010,961 (4,508,663 in 2016)
Break bulk (mt)
215,498 (215,626 in 2016)
Discharge Rates and Terminal Handling Charges
For information on port rates and charges, please see the following links:
(OBS: Cornelder Tariff Book includes all tariffs except maritime services, which are included in the CFM Port Tariffs)
Type of Berth
Conventional Berth (6)
Conventional Berth (7)
Conventional Berth (8)
Coal terminal berth
Conventional Berth (9)
General cargo/Silo berth
Conventional Berth (10)
General cargo/Silo berth
Container Berths (2 to 5)
Silo Berth (9 and 10)
General cargo/Silo berth
General Cargo Handling Berths
Imports - Bagged Cargo
Nr 6 to 10
Exports - Bagged Cargo
Nr 6 to 10
Imports and Exports - RoRo
Nr 6 to 10
Port Handling Equipment
Cornelder, a joint venture between CFM, Cornelder Holland and current concessionaires, manages the port equipment.
Total Quantity and Capacity Available
Comments on Current Condition and Actual Usage
2 x 50 tons
2 x 60 tons
STS Gantry cranes are fully operational.
3 material handler
1 mobile crane 28 tons
RoRo Tugmaster (with Trailer)
14 x 40 tons
16 x 60 tons
Grain Elevator with Bagging Machines
6 mobile bagging units, including hoppers
10 Bulk hoppers
5 x 3 tons
6 x 16 tons
2 x 30 tons
2 x 50 tons
3 x empty handler
1 x 18 mt
3 x 24 mt
Over the year 2017, Gantry Crane availability was 93% (88% in 2016), Reach Stacker availability was 75% (73% in 2016) and Terminal Tractor availability was 92% (89% in 2016).
With the transition from COSMOS to NAVIS N4 terminal operating system late 2016, the control of the yard, the truck flow and vessel operations has improved and container traffic has increased. The average yard utilisation was 6,000 TEU and the truck turnaround time is less than one hour.
Container Facilities Available
Railside Gantry 40 tons
Container Freight Station (CFS)
Refrigerated Container Stations
Other Capacity Details
Storage for 9,000 TEU
Dwell time less than 10 days
Daily Take Off Capacity
Number of Reefer Stations
Emergency Take-off Capacity
Off take Capacity of Gang Shift
Customs regulations are, by their nature, complex and change regularly. This is also the case in Mozambique where SADC regional integration requirements combine with existing local procedures depending on the cargo being cleared. Principal legislation, contacts and other useful customs-related information are available from the Mozambican Customs Authority (www.alfandegas.gov.mz)
The process of application for exemption of duties comprises the following steps:
- Accreditation and licensing to operate in Mozambique with special diplomatic status for duty free imports.
- Before the arrival of the cargo submission of the following is required:
Application to Customs with justification for exemption
- Customs clears the goods that can be exempted from duties, through the JUE (“Janela Única Eletrónica” or Electronic Single Window).
- For the submission to JUE, the following is required:
Transport document (original)
Customs clearance document
- JUE issues a notice of payment (AP).
- Deduction of import duties at JUE.
- The AP is taken physically to the Tax Department to apply the respective deduction of the value of the import duties.
- Once this step is finalised, the customs clearance process can be completed.
For more information on customs in Mozambique, please see the following link: 1.3 Customs Information
The container and multi-purpose terminal has a 645 m long quay with a 12 m depth alongside. The terminal has 9,000 TEU storage capacity and 144 electricity connection points for refrigerated containers. The container storage yard was recently expanded and covers now an area of 3 ha. The road access was also improved and has now five lines with an option for further extension. Currently the terminal uses the NAVIS N4 terminal operating system and can handle 300,000 TEU per year.
GRAIN AND BULK HANDLING
CdM does not manage this terminal. It can handle 4,000 to 5,000 tonnes per day and has a silo storage capacity of 50,000 tonnes. Wheat and maize are the product most commonly handled annually by users of the terminal.
MAIN STORAGE TERMINAL
Number of Storage Facilities
5 covered warehouses
Paved open air storage
Bulk Silo Storage
The following companies perform stevedoring activities in the port of Beira:
Chele Serviços e Consultoria – http://www.csc.co.mz/
Marperita – http://www.marperita-mozambique.com/aboutus/
Mozport Beira – http://www.supermaritime.com/offices/beira/
Naval Serviços à Navegação
The port is served by two railway lines - one to Zimbabwe via Machipanda/Mutare (318 km to the border) operated by CFM, and another via D Ana to Malawi (357 km) and Moatize, Tete Province, (673 km) operated by CFM with a partial concession to ICVL and Jindal for the transport of coal from Moatize.
The road network serving the port is in reasonably good condition and enables the movement of trucks and international trade to/from Zimbabwe, Botswana (via Zimbabwe), Malawi and Zambia (via Zimbabwe, Malawi or directly via Tete Province). It also provides an easy route to access markets in Mozambique provinces of Sofala, Manica, Tete and Zambézia.
The port has a 6 km long electro-welded security fencing and a CCTV surveillance system, which complies with international security standards.
Adequate safety procedures during cargo handling are in place.
Current ISPS Level