Toamasina (Tamatave) is the nation's main port, handling containers, dry and liquid bulk and general cargo. It is connected to the capital Antananarivo via RN2 and by rail, as well as being connected to the Canal des Pangalanes. The global traffic of Toamasina Port is evaluated at 1.7 million tons per year, of which 70% is containerized. With the development of a big mining project (Sheritt Company from Canada) the traffic is expected to grow by 3 million tons per year.
It has a modern container terminal, warehouses and yard space available.
Since 2004, a program to improve infrastructures has started and a new state company called SPAT (Société du Port à gestion Autonome de Toamasina) is managing the port. The container terminal has been operated by private operator MICTSL (Madagascar International Container Terminal Services Ltd.) since 2005 on a 20-year contract.
Maximum draft for vessels berthing is 10,5 meters. Containers are unloaded with an average productivity of 20 - 24 containers/hour. The operation meets international standards and uses a professional IT-tool (NAVIS) for operation planning and management.
With major expansions under way, Toamasina will become the second largest port in the SADC region, after Durban.
Handling capacity is given as 400,000 TEU/year, (by 2015 figures) half of that figure is handled. An extension of the terminal started in 2016 and is suposed to be finished in 2023, creating an additional 470 meters of quay (ca.100.000 m³ terminal surface) and increasing vessel’s draft to 16 meters. Once done, Toamasina port will be able to accommodate 60,000 tons ships. The limit is actually at 40,000 tons. The access channel has been dredged in 2007.
For more information about the Port: contact M. le Directeur du Développement et de l’Aménagement portuaire of the SPAT: firstname.lastname@example.org
- Medical Facilities: Principal hospital, 3 km
- Airport: Toamasina, 7 km
- Railway: Manguier, 3 km
- Provisions: Available
- Bunkers: Available by pipeline
- Ship repairs: Recently built ship repair facilities for small and medium size ships
- Imports: Rice, cement, corn, flour, vegetable oil, fertilizer, tallow, textile Accessories
- Exports: Timber, chrome ore, chrome powder, coffee, cloves, cinnamon, vanilla, quartz, graphite, black pepper, green pepper, cocoa, sugar, lobsters, raphia, textiles
Key port information can also be found at: Maritime Database information on Madagascar
Port Website: Port of Toamasina Website
Port Location and Contact
Province or District
Nearest Town or City
with Distance from Port
Port's Complete Name
Port de Toamasina
Managing Company or Port Authority
SPAT (Société du Port à gestion Autonome de Toamasina)
Management Contact Person
Capitaine de port:
Mr. Jami INJONA
Nearest Airport and Airlines with Frequent International Arrivals/Departures
Toamasina Airport : 7km
Air Madagascar: Antanarivo, Ste Marie, Antalaha, La Réunion
Description and Contacts of Key Companies
SPAT: Port management, piloting, towing, boatage
MICTSL: Stevedoring (container only)
SMMC: Conventional Handling
GRT: Oil terminal management
AMBATOVY: Mining Company
ASS: Port security
For more information on port contacts, please see the following link: 4.2.3 Madagascar Port and Waterways Company Contact List
Current monthly use by WFP 50 TEUs/ month - 1,000 MT/month
Total cargo handling (m.tons) - 80,000 MT/month
Total capacity of the port - 14,000 TEUs/month 150,000 MT/month
Container Traffic (TEUs)
Total port traffic (in metric ton)
4 010 066
4 467 165
5 550 709
6 219 602
From December to May
Major Import Campaigns
Work is often delayed by rain. Average fall is 120 in per year
Cyclonic season from February to May
Discharge Rates and Terminal Handling Charges
To warehouse (MT/Day) - Bulk 2,000 (for wheat only) Bagged 1,500 (in three shifts)
To trucks (MT/Day) - Bagged 1,500 (depending on truck availability)
To bagging (MT/Day) - Bulk 2,000
- Pilotage fees - Compulsory Rates on application
- Dockage, Buoyage and anchorage - Anchorages: 2 nautical miles N of Pointe Tanio in depths of 18-26 m
- Towage: 2 tugs 1,750 and 2,350 hp available
- Supply of Fresh water - Fresh water at quayside
Containers are unloaded with an average productivity of 20 - 24 containers per hour.
Type of Berth
Mall B is also used for RoRo operations
For break bulk
Platform is 60 m and can welcome 230 m long tankers maximum
National cabotage berth
Mole A Ouest
Mole A Est
General Cargo Handling Berths
Imports - Bagged Cargo
Exports - Bagged Cargo
Imports and Exports - RoRo
Port Handling Equipment
The port equipment for non-containerized cargo operation is managed by SMMC, a State owned company, and container terminal equipment is managed by MITCSL:
- 60 handling nets
- 8 protection nets
- 9 spreader 20’
- 3 spreader 40’
- 100 pallets
Cranes 37 Tons
Cranes 40 Tons
Cranes 45 Tons
Trailers 10 Tons
Trailers 25 Tons
Trailers 40 Tons
Container Terminal Equipment (Operational)
Mobile Harbour Cranes (Gottwald)
2x 100 MT- 2 x120 MT (twin lift)
41 MT under spreader
Rubber on Tires Gantry cranes
1 over 5 high
7 high stacking- double lift
3 – 16 MT
Available Storage (open air)
On 16 June 2005, Madagascar International Container Terminal Services, Ltd. (MICTSL) signed a 20-year concession with Société de Gestion du Port Autonome de Toamasina (SPAT) for the operation, management, financing, rehabilitation, and development of the container terminal in the Port of Toamasina, on a public-private partnership basis. The Port of Toamasina is Madagascar's main port. The Madagascar International Container Terminal handles over 90 percent of the country's container traffic.
The concession represents a breakthrough in the Malagasy Government's efforts, backed by the World Bank, to develop a sustainable transport system for the country and, in the case of Toamasina, to equip it with improved container handling facilities designed to facilitate Madagascar’s growing international trade.
Sector analysts, Ocean Shipping Consultants, forecast a positive outlook for Malagasy import-export container traffic.
Container traffic had a capacity of 196,000 TEUs in 2013. Container traffic is was projected to double over the following five years from 2009, from 104,000 TEUs annually in 2004 to 228,000 TEUs in 2009. Due to political and economic crisis (national and international) this target could not be reached. There is also the possibility of achieving further traffic growth through the development of the MICTSL as a secondary transshipment hub. According to a feasibility study, the volume of containerized cargo traffic will increase 10% per year and is expected to reach 426,000 TEUs in 2020.
Madagascar International Container Terminal Services Ltd. is part of ICTSI (International Container Terminal Services, Inc.) group companies created to manage the terminal in Toamasina, Madagascar. ICTSI is a global pioneer in container terminal management and operation having been involved in this activity since the early 1990s. ICTSI is widely acknowledged to be a leading developer in the sector specializing in container terminals in the 50,000 TEU to 1,500,000 TEU range, and maintains an international management team with unrivaled expertise in this respect (25 years in 2013).
Container Facilities Available
Container Freight Station (CFS)
Refrigerated Container Stations
Daily Take Off Capacity (Containers per day)
120 to 200
Number of Reefer Stations (connection points)
Can be extended on demand
Emergency Take-off Capacity (Give an indication)
Off take capacity of gang shift (in Containers per shift)
Customs are available on site at any time for any declaration/clearance and can process to visa delivery on arrival.
In emergency situations, the custom procedure can be streamlined. The cargo, which has been announced electronically prior vessel’s arrival (normal procedure), can be delivered after its discharge directly into the emergency area. The clearance-related administration and fees / duties can be settled afterwards.
For more information on customs in Madagascar please see the following link: 1.3 Madagascar Customs Information
One berth capable of handling tankers up to 230 m length and 12 m draught. Limiting distance between stern and manifold is 115 m. Facilities for all petroleum products including liquefied gas.
Grain and Bulk Handling
Two grain silos of 20,000 and 32,000 tons for cereals, One cement silo of 20,000 tons. Conveyor belt for cereals.
Main Storage Terminal
In terms of storage, more than 20 hectares are available to customers including:
· Hangars and covered stores: 27.511 m2.
· Floors: 11,900 m2
· 2 car parks including 4,250 m2 for new vehicles and 9,740 m2 for used vehicles.
· A container terminal of 137,000 m2 with a daily storage capacity of more than 6,000 TEU.
The spaces occupied by the licensees also concern:
· A concrete grain silo with a capacity of 25,000 tons,
· A cement silo with a capacity of 25,000 tons on an area of 5,580 m2,
· A crude oil storage unit with a capacity of 2,500m3,
· A storage area of granite blocks with a total area of 1,000 m2,
· A chromium storage area for export with an area of 8,938 m2,
· A factory for the refining of edible oil and oil tanks, occupying 11,500 m2 of land and a 941 m2 shed,
· A mill unit located on an area of 16,707 m2 of land and occupying a 2,268 m2 store,
· A private tool for industrial fishing on a total area of 3,100 m2 of land and 945.56 m2 of hangar,
· Installations and conduits for the loading / unloading of petroleum products over an area of 10,350 m2 of earth and 3,945 meters of pipe,
· A surface occupancy of the Ambatovy mining project on 1,589.38 m2 of storage area and 17,373.1 m2 of wharf and docking area.
· A fuel distribution station occupying an area of 1,060 m2 and 435 m2 of hangar.
· A private tooling facility for the scanning of containers for import and export of 5,750 m2.
· A tidal station installation of 13 m2.
- non-containerized cargo operation is managed by SMMC, a State owned company.
- container terminal equipment is managed by MITCSL, a private company
- national cabotage: each company has its own workers
Road: While all types of vehicles are allowed access to the port, carriers have been asked to create an union for better control.
It is still possible to use other carriers, but a longer procedure is then to be expected.
GTPE (Groupement des Transporteurs Professionnels de l’Est)
Mr Alain Timbou : 0331135727
Train: Mainly used by Ambatovy for minerals, there are railway tracks with a total length of 5 800 linear meters. Railway is linked to the Madarail train network to the Capital Antananarivo.
Waterway: The “Canal des Pangalanes” run south on 420 kms to Manajary.
Current ISPS Level
Level 1 (can be increased up to 3 if necessary)
No, but police can request port boats anytime if needed