Key port information can also be found at: Maritime Database Information on Baku International Sea Port
The Caspian sea fleet plays an important role in transport , but changes in trade and declining production have led to a substantial fall in volume transported . Lying between the black sea and central Asia , Baku is a main international port on the Caspian sea which is seen as a strategic part of Azerbaijan's logistics infrastructure and a key point in the whole logistics corridor through which mineral, commodity and other products pass from central Asia to western markets . The port is assessed throughout the year and is not affected by weather conditions. It has seven quays equipped with 27 cranes hoisting capacity of which ranges from 5 to 40 tons . The port is directly linked to the Azerbaijan rail network through ten rail-sidings . There are mainly two different routes available to move cargoes via Baku port :
- Via Volga-Don waterway , this route is limited to seven months per year ( summer ). The loading of the vessels is limited to a maximum draft restriction of 7 m which permits the vessels with up to 5000 MT capacity to berth .
- During the remaining months the cargo traffic functions within the Caspian sea basin with ports of Makhachkala and Guryev ( Russia ) , Bender -Anzali ( Iran ) , Aktau ( Kazakhstan ) and Turkmenbashi ( Turkmenistan )
It has to be noted that Baku international sea port located currently in the centre of city will be located very soon to the area which is 60 KM north of Baku ( Alyat settlement ) .
Since May 1995, Azerbaijan has been a member of the International Maritime Organization ( IMO ) and has ratified six conventions of IMO. Azerbaijan entered into numerous intergovernmental agreements with neighboring countries with respect to maritime transportation within the Caspian basin .
Baku International Sea Trade Port was founded in 1902 and since it has always been the largest and the most important of Caspian Sea ports. The port has been constantly developing over the century and now plays an important role in trans - Caspian trade and is the main marine gateway to Azerbaijan. The port operates year-round and as a vital transit point in Europe-Asia trade that is being promoted within TRACECA - RESTORATION OF THE HISTORIC SILK ROUTE project. From April to November when Russian inner waterways are navigable Baku International Sea Trade Port is accessible by ships loading cargoes for direct voyages from West European and Mediterranean ports.
With the dramatic increase in trans-Caspian oil trade volumes and enormous import to Azerbaijan various equipment for offshore oil activities over last decade the port has further strengthened its importance. Due to its modern facilities and year-round accessibility the port maintains its competitiveness and is widely used by international traders.
Services rendered to the users of the port include
- Dry cargo and liquid bulk handling
- General and project cargoes
- Container handler (stuffing/stripping)
- Warehousing and storage
- The Baku International Sea Trade Port is comprised of Main Cargo Terminal, Dubendy Oil Terminal, Ferry Terminal and Passenger Terminal. The port`s throughput capacity has been constantly growing and reaches up to 15 million tons of liquid bulk and up to 10 million tons of dry cargoes.
Port website: Baku International Sea Trade Port
Port Location and Contacts
Province or District
Town or City (Closest location) with Distance (km)
Port's Complete Name
Azerbaijan Baku International Sea Trade Port
Managing Company or Port Authority (If more than one operator, break down by area of operation)
Baku International Sea Trade Port Authority
Management Contact Person
Closest Airport and Frequent Airlines to / from International Destinations
Airport Name: n/a
Description and Contacts of Key Companies
For i nformation on Azerbaijan Port of Baku contact details, please see the following link:
For information on Azerbaijan Port of Baku Port Perfromce details, please see the following documents:
Container Traffic (TEUs)
Handling Figures Bulk and Break Bulk
Total Cargo Handling (mt)
|9 Million mt|
Total Annual Capacity of the Port
|18 Million Tons (2010)|
Discharge Rates and Terminal Handling Charges
Discharge Rates ( MT/Day )]
Bulk: 4000 - 5000
To Trucks -
Bulk: 4000 - 5000
To Rail Wagons:
Bulk: 1000 - 1500
In theory , The total capacity that can be handled by Baku sea port is 5 Million tons of general cargo and 20 million tons of oil/oil products a year ( this figure was being used at the ex-USSR times ). Five warehouses ( two of metal and three of stone structure) are available with total capacity of 4000 MT.The average discharge rate for bagged cargoes is 1000 MT and for bulk cargoes is 5000 MT a day . Currently all the port cargoes is 1000 MT and for bulk cargoes is 5000 MT a day . Currently all the port facilities are underutilized due to the problems all ex-Soviet union republics are facing .
Type of Berth
Maximum Draft (m)
|15000 Container / Year||866 MTRS|
Pilot Boats - 2
Anti-Pollution Boats - 2
Speed Boats - 4
Port Handling Equipment
Is the port equipment managed by the government or privately? n/a
The Main Cargo Terminal is located within Baku city limits is used for handling general, containerized as well as bulk export/import and transit cargoes.
While steel products, machinery, equipment and bulk cargoes are dominant export/import types of goods, general cargoes are mainly transiting through the port. At the terminal it is possible to handle up to 2 mln. tons of general and dry bulk cargo per annum.
Terminal accommodates 6 berths of total length of 866 meters, one of which function as a RO-RO quay. Depths at the quayside is 7 meters.
Berths are equipped with 16 portal cranes with lifting capacity from 5 to 40 tons. Forklift trucks with a capacity from 105 to 10 tons, 100 rolltraylers and portal haulers of SI-SU type are also available. 3 vessels, up to 150 wagons and 100 trucks can be handled simultaneously during a day. Total length of stub railways is 8 kilometers. Maneuvering are carried out by 4 diesel locomotives.
Terminal is equipped with the railroad and truck scales for weighing cargoes. Total area of the open warehouses is about 24 000 square meters, and that of the sheltered warehouses is about 10 000 square meters.
(Yes / No)
Total Quantity and Capacity Available
Comments on Current Condition and Actual Usage
|Rolltraylers and portal haulers of SI-SU type||Yes||100||n/a|
Dockside Crane - Portal Electric
5 to 40 tons
RoRo Tugmaster (w/ Trailer)
Grain Elevator w/ Bagging Machines
105 to 10 tons
The main cargo terminal in the Port of Baku serves vessels carrying containers and bulk and general cargoes. The largest share of goods is in general cargo, and the Port of Baku's main cargo terminal has capacity to handle two million tons of general and dry bulk cargoes per year. The terminal contains six berths totaling 866 meters in length with alongside depth of seven meters. One of the berths is the Port of Baku's roll-on/roll-off quay. The berths are fully equipped with 16 cranes to handle up to three vessels at one time, and they are served by eight kilometers of railway. The main cargo terminal offers 24 thousand square meters of open storage and about 10 thousand square meters of covered warehouse .
Container Terminal is located on the territory of the Main Cargo Terminal area and is designed for handling of all kinds of containers, including 40 FEUs and capable of handling of 15000 containers annually. The area of warehouses at the Terminal extends up to 1600 sq. meters.
The control of the Container Terminal operation is supported by the computerized system using modern software which meets the requirements of the international standards.
The Terminal is equipped with the modern cargo handling facilities, such as Kalmar container forklift with lifting capacity of 42 t and Kalmar reach stacker with lifting capacity of 40 t, 2 Terberg terminal tractors, 6 Planmarine trailers, 3 Hyster small forklifts.
The railway branch line is linked to the Main Railway System, which provides the intermodal transportation
Container Facilities Available
Container Freight Station (CFS)
Refrigerated Container Stations
Other Capacity Details
Daily Take Off Capacity (Containers per day)
Number of Reefer Stations (connection points)
Emergency Take-off Capacity (Give an indication)
Off take capacity of gang shift (in Containers per shift)
For information on Azerbaijan Customs Guidance, please see the following links:
The Passenger Terminal with 340 m berth length is used by foreign and local passenger ships cruising between ports of Caspian countries. The building of the Sea Station that is being refurbished will by equipped with the most modern facilities to ensure comfortable stay of passengers.
The Passenger Terminal is also used by passenger ships carrying oil workers every day to Oily Rocks.
Oil Handling Terminal
Oil Terminal in Dubendi is the largest terminal at the Apsheron peninsula. Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan and Azerbaijan oil is handled at the terminal and further trans-shipped to the ports on the Black Sea and to the world markets. Terminal includes 2 piers at which 4 tankers with lifting capacities from 5000 to 13000 tons can by handled simultaneously. Up to 15 million tons of cargoes can by handled per annum at the terminal.
Upon completion of Baku - Tbilisi -Jeyhan oil pipeline construction that is being carried out within the framework of `Contract of the Century` significant volumes of oil from abroad is expected to by delivered to Baku for further transfer to international markets. Dramatic increase in transit oil calls of upgrade of existing oil terminal facilities.
There is Vessels Traffic Service operating at the Terminal. It is responsible for safe navigation in the water area. Vessels Traffic Service is equipped with contemporary radio navigation hardware, which provides navigation of ships round-the-clock. Two tugboats, one of 600 and other of 1600 horse power, fulfill operations on safe mooring of vessels.
Terminal is furnished with modern reception facilities for contaminated waters and means for combating environmental pollution and accidental oil discharge. Two skimmers keep round-the-clock watch within the harbour.
Main Silo Terminal
Ferry Terminal is used for transshipment of wagons, trucks and cars as well as embarkation / disembarkation of passengers to/from ferries shuttling between Baku / Turkmenbashi / Aktau / Iranian ports. The shuttle service is carried out by Azerbaijan State Caspian Shipping Company owned ferries. Each ferry can simultaneously take on its board 28 wagons or 40 trailers, 202 passengers and up to 50 cars. At the terminal it is possible to transship up to 8 mln. tons of cargoes per annum.
The ferry terminal that constitutes a vital link between Europe and Asia plays an important role withinTRACECA-RESTORATION OF THE HISTORIC SILK ROUTE project. In view of the permanent upward trend in cargo traffic experienced throughout last years, especially in Europe -Asia direction, significant rise in ferry terminal throughput can be anticipated over forthcoming years.
Main Storage Terminal
The port area has 10,000 square meters of covered storage and 28,700 square meters of open storage
(Yes / No)
Current ISPS Level
Level 1 = Normal, Level 2 = Heightened, Level 3 = Exceptional