Nepal is a land-locked country and relies on the Kolkata Port in India for handling practically all of its sea freight imports. Nepal also has multiple dry ports (sometimes referred to as an inland port), which is an inland intermodal terminal directly connected by road or rail to a seaport and operating as a centre for the transshipment of sea cargo to inland destinations. In addition to their role in cargo transshipment, dry ports may also include facilities for storage and consolidation of goods, maintenance for road or rail cargo carriers and customs clearance services. The location of these facilities at a dry port relieves competition for storage and customs space at the seaport itself. The term is often confused with an Inland Clearance Depot or ICD. In Nepal, the terms are interchangeable.
China is studying the feasibility of constructing a dry port at Larcha near the Tatopani customs office near Tibet’s border. Tatopani is Nepal’s busiest check point in trade links with and through Tibet. The port will have parking capacity to accommodate 200 trucks and a large go-down to place goods after customs clearance, among other facilities.
For information on a planned dry port at Timure - Rasuwagadhi and Tatopani, please see the following attachments:
The following sections contain information on Kolkata Port and multiple dry ports in Nepal.