Turkey’s geographical location provides easy access to Eastern Europe, Central Asia, the Middle East, and North Africa, allowing the country to function as a hub for freight carried in the region. The current size of Turkey’s logistics industry is such that it accounts for 12-13 percent of the country’s GDP.
Public and private infrastructure investments in the last ten years have significantly improved the logistics services provided in Turkey. Many new airports have been built, and highways have spread across the country. In addition, the thriving high-speed train network has begun connecting major cities and the capacity of Turkish ports has been increased. Turkey is also building 20 logistics centres/villages, of which 7 have been completed, that will serve to lower the costs of transportation by offering various modes of transportation within these centres/villages.
Samsun Gelemen Logistic Hub – It is an important transit point for movements, especially to Russia and Kazakhstan. The target is 500 thousand tons in the center which will be expanded to an area of 350 thousand square meters and the traffic will increase to 1.1 million tons.
Halkali Logistic Hub - Approximately 860 thousand tons of cargo are handled in Halkalı per year. Halkalı has an average of 4 container trains per week.
Eskisehir Hasanbey Logistic Hub - is one of the most extensive terminals in Turkey with a size of 540 thousand m2. The amount of handled cargo in the region is 215 thousand tons per year.
Denizli Kaklik Logistic Hub - was opened on 2014, established on an area of 120 thousand m2, and is located 40 km north east of Denizli. It was founded with the aim of raising the load from 150 thousand tons to 500 thousand tons per year.
Izmit Kosekoy Logistic Hub – was opened on 2013, established on an area of 750 m2. Hazardous material storage at the logistics hub is not allowed. Even though it is the Turkey’s closest logistics hub for petrochemical and heavy industry, it is a major disadvantage of not considering dangerous substances.
Balikesir Gokkoy Logistic Center - The railway logistics activities have been transferred from Balikesir Train Station to Gökköy Logistics Center, which has added 1 million tons of additional transportation capacity per year.
Usak Logistic Center - was opened in 2013 and its established on an area of 140 thousand m2 , the amount of handled cargo is 113 thousand tons per year.
The Turkish government has set challenging targets to be achieved by 2023 in an effort to improve logistics infrastructure. These targets include, but are not limited to:
Having a total road network of 70,000 km, with 36,500 km of it being dual carriage way and 8,000 km of it being highway
Having a total railway network of 25,000 km, of which 12,000 km will be high-speed railway
Increasing annual passenger transportation to 1 billion persons and freight transportation to 125 million tons
Increasing the total number of passenger airplanes from 487 to 750
Constructing new airports in a move to increase total annual capacity to 400 million passengers
Increasing container handling capacity from 8.4 million TEU to 32 million TEU
Increasing vessel fleet carrying capacity from 29.2 million DWT to 50 million DWT
Building one port in each of the three seas surrounding Turkey
Immense growth is expected according to 2023 GDP targets, with the industry estimated to reach a volume of USD 200-240 billion by 2023.
With regard to the maritime sector, the Mersin Second Container Port on the Mediterranean Sea is being established which will increase the port’s capacity in the near future.