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The latest WEF Global Competitiveness Report ranked the quality of overall infrastructure of Madagascar 132nd out of 148 countries. 

Bad road condition and high prices as well as difficulty to find spare parts has led to increased transport costs.

There are only two railroads in Madagascar. The first one in the east is managed by Madarail, a private company and links Toamasina, Miandrivaso and Atsirabe to the capital Antananarivo. The other one in the south east, called FCE and managed by the government, is going from Fianarantsoa to Manakara.

With regards to information and communications technology the sector has been growing, owing to greater liberalization and further investment, which lead to more than 3 per cent growth per year over the past ten years (African Development Bank Group 2013). Mobile penetration in Madagascar increased from 4% to 25% between 2005 and 2010. Prior to the sector reform of 1994, domestic telecommunication services were poor and government controlled.

The country has six international airports (Antananarivo, Toamasina, Majunga, Nosy Bé, Taolagnaro and Antsiranana) and three major commercial ports (Tamatave, Majunga, and Antsiranana) which account for 80% of imports and exports of goods.