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Algeria is almost exclusively served by foreign companies. CMA-CGM (France), Mediterranean Shipping Company (Switzerland) or Maersk (Denmark) ship up to 95% of maritime flows to and from Algeria. Customs statistics estimate that shipping costs comprise an average of 25% of the overall value of the country's imports.

There is a distance of around 2,000 kilometres between the north, where the ports and platforms for storing imported food products are concentrated, and the far south of the country. Transporting goods to the interior and the south requires a massive mobilization of transportation, and must be adept in transporting fresh produce. , Road transport predominates in the absence of a dense rail network.

The rail transport sector has expanded over the past five years. Algeria's rail network is 5,200 km long as of 2019 and certain sections have recently been electrified. The rail network is managed by the National Company for Rail Transport (SNTF in French) which has more than 200 stations covering mainly the north of the country.

Algeria has 35 airports, including 13 international ones. The most important is Algiers Airport, which handles up to 22 million passengers per year. In 2018, the airport handled more than 7 million passengers and more than 350,000 tonnes of cargo. Algiers airport is served by more than 25 airlines. Air Algérie is the national airline and it dominates the air transport market with a fleet of 57 aircraft. Tassili Airlines, another national company is also operating in the country, mostly in the interior routes.