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Nusa Tenggara Timur (NTT) Humanitarian Background

Disasters, Conflicts and Migration

Natural Disasters

Yes / No

Comments / Details

Drought

Yes

There was a drought in West Timor in 2003.

Earthquakes

Yes

Throughout 2010 there were a number of minor earthquakes in Flores and Kupang.

Epidemics

Yes

Dengue fever has been identified in several districts.

Extreme Temperatures

No

 n/a

Flooding

Yes

Flooding occurs on a regular basis through the rainy season.

Insect Infestation

No

 n/a

Mudslides

Yes

Mudslides occur on a regular basis through the rainy season.

Volcanic Eruptions

Yes

Volcanic eruptions have been experienced in the Sikka district.

High Waves / Surges

No

 n/a

Wildfires

No

 n/a

High Winds

No

 n/a

Other Comments

n/a n/a

Man-Made Issues

  

Civil Strife

No

 n/a

International Conflict

No

 n/a

Internally Displaced Persons

No

 n/a

Refugees Present

No

 n/a

Landmines / UXO Present

No

 n/a

Other Comments

N/A

 n/a

For more detailed database on disasters by country, please see the Centre for Research on Epidemiology of Disasters:

EMDAT Website

Calamities and Seasonal Affects

Seasonal Affects on Transport

Transport

Comments

From (month) to (month)

Primary Road Transport

During the month of December especially during the preparation for Christmas, there can be a quite significant movement of people from the districts to the province capital.  In addition, the rainy season can result in flooding which can affect access to the smaller bridges.

November - April

Secondary Road Transport

During the month of December especially during the preparation for Christmas, there can be a quite significant movement of people from the districts to the province capital.  In addition, the rainy season can result in flooding which can affect access to the smaller bridges.

November - April

Rail Transport

N/A

N/A

Air Transport

During the Christmas and New Year season, bad weather due to rainy season may have an effect on the reliability of air transport.  Demand for flights is high which can impact the cost of tickets.

December - January

Waterway Transport

Sea Transportation is considered the most accessible mode of transportation by many, thus there is significant passengers increase at the port for those celebrating the Idul Fitri and Christmas.

August (for Idul Fitri) & December (for Christmas)

Seasonal Affects on Storage and Handling (economic, social, climate…)

Activity

Comments

From <month> to <month>

Storage

The Christmas festival period is a peak of activity, trade and trips.  This may lead to problems such as traffic congestion, handling cost increases, transportation shortages and increase in the cost of storage.

December - January

Handling

The Christmas festival period is a peak of activity, trade and trips.  This may lead to problems such as traffic congestion, handling cost increases, transportation shortages and increase in the cost of storage.

December - January

Other

n/an/a

Capacity and Contacts for In-Country Emergency Response

Government

The Badan Nasional Penanggulangan Bencana (BNPB) was created and has the functions of coordinator and commander during emergency responses.  BNPB is supported by ministers and other government authorities, meanwhile at local level it is supported by BPBD (Provincial Disaster Management Agency) and local government.  Currently all BPBD Offices have been established in 33 provinces within Indonesia.  National Disaster Management Agency (BNPB) is a non-department governmental agency headed by a ministerial-level official. This institution is directly responsible to the President of Indonesia.

The BPBD has been established at the provincial level and is based in Kupang the capital of NTT.  Other BPBDs at district level have been established in :

  
Manggarai Timur

Ende

Nagekeo

Rote Ndao

Sumba Barat Daya

Sikka

Manggarai Barat

Alor

Lembata

Timur Tengah Utara

Sumba Barat

Timur Tengah Selatan

Sumba Timur

Kota Kupang

ManggaraiKupang
Ngadan/a

 NOTE:  The BPBD office in Kupang is currently developing a contingency plan that focuses on the two most likely natural disasters – earthquakes and landslides.  As part of this process they are disaster mapping the most likely prone areas in the province.

Humanitarian Community

There are UN agencies as well as INGO’s operating in the NTT province.  Refer to contact list for further information.