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Indonesia Papua Humanitarian Background

Disasters, Conflicts and Migration

Natural Disasters

Yes / No

Comments / Details

Drought

Yes

Although not a common occurrence, droughts have been experienced which have had significant impact on the farming communities.

Earthquakes

Yes

Earthquakes have been experienced in several locations of the Northern and Central parts of Papua.

Epidemics

Yes

Malaria is common in the Papua province.

Extreme Temperatures

Yes

 n/a

Flooding

Yes

Flooding occurs regularly in several locations within Papua as a consequence of the climate change.

Floods occur on a yearly basis in Baliem Valley, Merauke and as well as in the Southern marshes area.

Insect Infestation

No

n/a

Mudslides

Yes

Due to its climate and geographical reality, landslides occur very regularly in the province.

Volcanic Eruptions

No

 n/a

High Waves / Surges

Yes

Tsunamis were recorded in several locations within Papua:

Biak, Supiori, Waropen, Yapen in 1996

Jayapura in 1998

Wildfires

No

 n/a

High Winds

No

 n/a

Other Comments

N/A

 n/a

Man-Made Issues

  

Civil Strife

Yes

The area is, from time to time, the scene of violent episodes between separatists,

local populations and populations from other regions (including from PNG).

International Conflict

No

 n/a

Internally Displaced Persons

No

 n/a

Refugees Present

No

 n/a

Landmines / UXO Present

No

 n/a

Other Comments

N/A

 n/a

 

For more detailed database on disasters by country, please see the Centre for Research on Epidemiology of Disasters:

EMDAT Website Information for Indonesia

Calamities and Seasonal Affects

Seasonal Effects on Transport

Transport

Comments

From (month) to (month)

Primary Road Transport

Floods and bad weather conditions can lead to landslides and washaways for primary roads.

November - April

Secondary Road Transport

Floods and bad weather conditions can lead to landslides and washaways for secondary roads.

November - April

Rail Transport

There is no railway in Papua.

 n/a

Air Transport

The weather can change quickly in the mountains.  

This can have consequences on the daily air traffic due to poor visibility or waterlogged runways.

All year round

Waterway Transport

n/a  n/a

 

Seasonal Effects on Storage and Handling (economic, social, climate…)

Activity

Comments

From <month> to <month>

Storage

Christmas period is a peak of activity, trade and trips which can lead to problems, congestions, etc.

November-December

Handling

Christmas period is a peak of activity, trade and trips which can lead to problems, congestions, etc.

November-December

Other

  n/a  n/a

Capacity and Contacts for In-Country Emergency Response

Government

The Badan Penanggulangan Bencana Daerah (herein after referred to BPBD) has offices in Jayapura as well as the following locations throughout Papua province :

Kabutapen Keerom

Kabutapen Sarmi

Kabutapen Biak Numfor

Kabutapen Dogai

Kabutapen Yapen

Kabutapen Waropen

Kabutapen Nabire

Kabutapen Paniai

Kabutapen Mimika

Kabutapen Yahukimo

Kabutapen Pancak Yaya

Kabutapen Lany Jaya

Kabutapen Intan Jaya

Kabutapen Peg Bintang

Kabutapen Tolikara

Kabutapen Mamberamo Raya

Kabupaten Supiori

Kabutapen Jayawijaya

There is currently no BPBD office in Merauke as it is considered to be a low risk area.

There is also a BNPB warehouse is situated due east of the centre of Jayapura.  The warehouse is part of a larger warehouse that has been split into two sections with a dividing wall separating each area.  The warehouse area is 1500m2 with limited access and no equipment.  

Basarnas (Search and Rescue) is also present in Papua Province.  The main office is in Jayapura (close to the Sentani Airport).  There are additional offices in Biak, Sorong, Timika, Merauke and Manokwari.

The TNI will also be an essential component of any emergency response in Papua.  Biak Island accommodates many TNI corps, including Marine and Special Forces.  These units manage equipment and facilities, including planes, helicopters, boats, warehouses, communication and energy systems.

Throughout the province, managing EMOPs with TNI can only be done through coordination with the local authorities.

For information on Indonesia Papua Government contact details, please see the following link:

Humanitarian Community

The humanitarian community in Papua province is made up of UN, INGOs, NGOs and the PMI.  The majority of these agencies are based in Jayapura.  Programmes are centred on children’s health, as well as on-going development activities.

For information on Indonesia Papua Humanitarian contact details, please see the following link: