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Mongolia Humanitarian Background

Disasters, Conflicts and Migration

Natural Disasters

Yes / No

Comments / Details


YesJune 2000


YesThe three largest cities in Mongolia are located in magnitudes of 7 to 8 seismic active areas. 


Yes2008, Hand, foot and mouth disease outbreak:

Extreme Temperatures



YesAugust 1994

Insect Infestation




Volcanic Eruptions


High Waves / Surges



YesMay 1990, April/May 1996

High Winds

YesApril 1991, April 1993

Other Comments

Mongolia is an area prone to earthquakes, especially in its western and central parts where previous earthquakes of a magnitude >8 on the Richter scale have occurred. The risk of earthquake in the capital city of Ulaanbaatar to a significant earthquake is considerable. Other natural disasters such as flooding, snow/wind storms, extreme temperature and droughts that negatively impact the food security of livestock and human being.

Man-Made Issues

Civil Strife


International Conflict


Internally Displaced Persons


Refugees Present


Landmines / UXO Present


Other Comments

The top 10 Natural Disasters in Mongolia (1957 to 2010) sorted by numbers of affected people can be found on the EMDAT website found below

For more detailed database on disasters by country, please see the Centre for Research on Epidemiology of Disasters:

EMDAT information on Mongolia

Calamities and Seasonal Affects

Seasonal Affects on Transport



From (month) to (month)

Primary Road Transport

Snow and ice can result in roads being closed for several days at a time. Lack of snow pole markers make travel difficult in winter conditions. Availabilty of trucks can be effected during harvest season (Aug/Sept).Oct - Mar

Secondary Road Transport

Snow and ice can result in secondary roads being closed for weeks at a time. Availability of trucks can be effected during harvest seaons (Aug/Sept)Oct - Mar

Rail Transport


Air Transport

The international airport faces frequent closures because of strong winds, sand or snow storms or unacceptable visibility because of excessive air pollution.Nov - Apr

Waterway Transport

Lakes and rivers freeze over in winterOct - Mar

Seasonal Affects on Storage and Handling (economic, social, climate…)



From <month> to <month>


There is very little heated warehousing available in Mongolia making storage of temperature sensitive items difficult during winter months

Oct - Mar







NOTE: During the celebration of Naadam (July 11-13th) and Lunar New Year it can be difficult to find transporters.

Capacity and Contacts for In-Country Emergency Response


The State Emergency Commission (SEC) chaired by the Deputy-Prime Minister is the lead decision maker for both political and operational issues during a national emergency.  The SEC is responsible for raising issues brought forward by NEMA and the wider humanitarian community with the government such as funding requests and asset requirements.  This is activate when an emergency has occurred. The SEC is comprised of 10 key Ministries/Agencies that are responsible for disasters and crisis management.  The National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA) is tasked with supporting the SEC in overall crisis management, including interdepartmental and inter agency planning, and is responsible for first response search and rescue. There is an Earthquake commission which is a working group comprising representatives from various ministries and agencies which provides recommendations to the GOM.  At the provincial level the governor of each province would lead the emergency response. During emergencies, requests for assistance from the armed forces must be approved by the President.  To use military assets such as vehicles or airports all requests must be made through the SEC (State Emergency Committee).  They would operate as a separate response unit that would be appointed by the Ministry of Defence to provide transport and manpower.

For information on Mongolia Government contact details, please see the following link:

4.1 Mongolia Government Contact List

Humanitarian Community

There is a Humanitarian Country Team (HCT) comprised of NEMA, UN agencies in Mongolia, the IFRC, World Vision and Save the Children International.  Line ministries act as co-leads of the various clusters. There is only a small number of humanitarian agencies in Mongolia.  Few agencies hold contingency stock or have warehouse space.

 For information on Mongolia Humanitarian contact details, please see the following link:

4.2 Mongolia Humanitarian Agency Contact List

For information on Mongolia humanitarian background additional information, please see the following link: 

 Mongolia Additional Humanitarian Information

Mongolia Earthquake Risk

Mongolia Emergency Clusters

Mongolia Linkages Between Clusters and Government Ministries

Mongolia Minimum and Maximum Temperatures

Mongolia Severe Winter Dzud 2010

Note: The information provided in the attached documents, which has been taken from the old DLCA, does not match the structure of the new LCA and is therefore provided separately