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Lebanon Humanitarian Background

Disasters, Conflicts and Migration

 

Natural Disasters

Type

Occurs

Comments / Details

Drought

No

N/A

Earthquakes

Yes

The last earthquake that resulted in human lives loss occurred in March 1956 near Roum in Jezzine. It had a magnitude of 5.8 on the Richter scale and resulted in 136 deaths, the destruction of 6,000 houses and 17,000 houses in need of repair. The same scale of event centered in an urban area would potentially have a far greater effect.

Epidemics

No

No serious epidemic reported for the last decades.

Extreme Temperatures

No

N/A

Flooding

Yes

The last severe flood that hit part of the country was in 2003 and the number of affected people was 17,000 persons.

Insect Infestation

No

N/A

Mudslides

No

N/A

Volcanic Eruptions

No

N/A

High Waves / Surges

No

N/A

Wildfires

Yes

N/A

High Winds

No

Lebanon's forests are increasingly exposed to a suite of stresses linked to urbanization, wildfire, climate warming, and misguided management.  During the last decades, changes in traditional land-use and lifestyles have resulted in an increase in fuel accumulation in many of Lebanon's forests. Most of Wildfire occurres from Mid-March to Mid-October.

Other Comments

N/A

Man-Made Issues

Civil Strife

Yes

The Lebanese Civil War was a multifaceted civil war in Lebanon, lasting from 1975 to 1990 and resulting in an estimated 250,000 fatalities.

Fighting from the conflict in Syria has spilled over into Lebanon.

International Conflict

Yes

Israeli-Lebanese conflict describes a series of related military clashes involving Israel, Lebanon and Syria, as well as various non-state militias acting from within Lebanon.

Internally Displaced Persons

Yes

According to the Global Internal Displacement Report there were 12,000 IDPs in Lebanon in 2015.

Refugees Present

Yes

The impact of the Syrian crisis on Lebanon has been profound. The pace and scale of displacement to Lebanon has been overwhelming: growing from under 150,000 Syrian refugees registered with UNHCR in January 2013 to almost 1,200,000 in March 2015. With a national population of some four million, Lebanon today has the highest per capita concentration of refugees in the world and the Syria crisis has come at a steep price for Lebanon and the Lebanese.

UNHCR Lebanon Country Information

Landmines / UXO Present

Yes

As a great number of landmines, explosive remnants of war (ERW)  and cluster munitions continue to threaten Lebanese civilians; large swaths of prime agricultural and residential land remain inaccessible and uninhabitable.

United Nations Mine Action Service (UNMAS) Lebanon Country Information 

Lebanon Mine Actor Centre

Other Comments

 

For a more detailed database on disasters by country, please see the Centre for Research on Epidemiology of Disasters Country Profile

Seasonal Effects on Logistics Capacities

 

Seasonal Effects on Transport

Transport Type

Time Frame

Comments / Details

Primary Road Transport

From December to February

During winter, it is snowing in the mountainous roads of Lebanon especially in Dhaher Al Beidar, which could affect the flow of goods between Lebanon and Syria for hours.

Secondary Road Transport

N/A

N/A

Rail Transport

N/A

No railway

Air Transport

From December to February

The heavy storm could disrupt the airports for hours.

Waterway Transport

N/A

No waterway                                                                                                                          

 

Capacity and Contacts for In-Country Emergency Response

Government

The Government has built up a capacity to respond to emergencies, the police, army, civil defence and Red Cross are regularly involved in all emergency situation covering all the country.

For more information on government contact details, please see the following link: 4.1 Lebanon Government Contact List

Humanitarian Community

The Ministry of Social Affairs works closely with the international and national humanitarian agencies to ensure humanitarian needs in the country are met

For more information on humanitarian agency contact details, please see the following link: 4.2 Lebanon Humanitarian Contact Lists