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Haiti Humanitarian Background

Disasters, Conflicts and Migration

Natural Disasters

Yes / No

Comments / Details

Drought

YesSome parts of the country affected, see specific map for details

Earthquakes

YesPotential danger, see specific map for fails details

Epidemics

YesCholera, now endemic, not completely under control, especially in remote areas

Extreme Temperatures

n/an/a

Flooding

YesDuring rainy season, see specific map for details

Insect Infestation

n/an/a

Mudslides

YesDuring the rainy season roads are often cut by land slides

Volcanic Eruptions

n/an/a

High Waves / Surges

n/aPotential danger

Wildfires

n/an/a

High Winds

n/aHurricanes

Other Comments

Haiti's geographical situation, together with its meteorological and economic conditions and weak infrastructure, makes the country vulnerable to natural disasters. Even small events can have serious consequences.

Man-Made Issues

Civil Strife

YesGiven unstable political situation, a DPKO mission is present in Haiti

International Conflict

n/an/a

Internally Displaced Persons

YesFollowing the January 2010 earthquake, almost 500,000 people still live in camps (February 2012)

Refugees Present

n/an/a

Landmines / UXO Present

n/an/a

Other Comments

Natural disasters represent a more serious hazard for Haiti, but its political and economic situation has the potential to deteriorate any time.

For more detailed database on disasters by country, please see the Centre for Research on Epidemiology of Disasters:

EMDAT website information for Haiti

Calamities and Seasonal Affects

Seasonal Affects on Transport

Transport

Comments

From (month) to (month)

Primary Road Transport

Rainy and Hurricane Season could affect road transportApr - Nov

Secondary Road Transport

Rainy and Hurricane Season could affect road transportApr - Nov

Rail Transport

n/an/a

Air Transport

In case of hurricanesJun - Nov

Waterway Transport

In case of hurricanesJun - Nov

 

Seasonal weather changes can have an impact on delivery operations. Usually all major towns are accessible all year round except in the case of heavy rains and/or the event of hurricanes. Bridges and roads could be washed away and roads could be impassable for weeks. WFP/Logistics Cluster and the main UN agencies and NGOs prepositions stock at departmental level each year, in order to avoid an interruption of the supply chain in case of accessibility problems. WFP/Logistics Cluster also prepositions off-road trucks on the other side of the possible road blocks as contingency measure during the Hurricane Season to allow a timely and effective response.

Capacity and Contacts for In-Country Emergency Response

Government

The capacity to respond to emergencies has been traditionally weak. Haiti is one of the most vulnerable countries in the region. It's limited emergency response capacity has been a factor that amplified the effects of disasters. Since 2008, however, the response capacity has been strengthened year by year. 

Humanitarian Community

he National Contingency Plan of the DPC for the 2011 Hurricane Season was issued on 18 August 2011. The DPC estimates that 300,000 people could be affected during the Hurricane Season that year. All Clusters provided feedback to the plan in regards to their respective operational response capacity.

The document is available at: Haiti Humanitarian Response Plan

For information on Haiti Humanitarian Background additional details, please see the following document:

Haiti Humanitarian Additional Information

 

Note: The information provided in the attached documents, which has been taken from the old DLCA, does not match the structure of the new LCA and is therefore provided separately.

For information on Haiti Humanitarian Background contact details, please see the following links:

4.1 Haiti Government Contact Lists

4.2 Haiti Humanitarian Agency Contact List