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Disasters, Conflicts and Migration

Natural Disasters

Type

Occurs

Comments / Details

Drought

Yes

Drought warning during the first trimester 2015 and 2016. The island experiences a dry season from February to June

Earthquakes

Yes3 February 2017, Dominica was jolted by an earthquake with a magnitude of 5.8 but there have been no reports of injuries or damages.

Epidemics

YesAs of August 2016 Zika virus has been identified in this country; no epidemic outbreak reported. Chikungunya epidemic outbreak on 2014.

Extreme Temperatures

NoN/A

Flooding

YesFlooding associated with cyclone, storms or tropical depression rainfall.

Insect Infestation

NoN/A

Mudslides

YesMudslides associated with cyclone, storms or tropical depression rainfall.

Volcanic Eruptions

YesNine of the Caribbean’s sixteen active volcanoes are located in Dominica. Two steam explosions (phreatic activity) in the Valley of Desolation in 1880 and 1997.

High Waves / Surges

YesHigh vulnerability to Tropical Cyclones accompanied by large and destructive waves. Dominica's coastline is particularly prone to sea surge and sea level rise.

Wildfires

NoN/A

High Winds

Yes

High vulnerability to Tropical Cyclones. The yearly hurricane season officially starts June 1 and ends on November 30.

Other Comments

See more information http://www.weather.gov.dm/current-conditions

Man-Made Issues

Civil Strife

No

N/A

International Conflict

NoN/A

Internally Displaced Persons

NoN/A

Refugees Present

NoN/A

Landmines / UXO Present

NoN/A

Other Comments

 

For a more detailed database on disasters by country, please see the Centre for Research on Epidemiology of Disasters Country Profile

Seasonal Effects on Logistics Capacities

Seasonal Effects on Transport

Transport Type

Time Frame

Comments / Details

Primary Road Transport

Jun-Nov

Storms or tropical depression rainfalls cause landslides or collapses of bridges, with partial interruptions of highways for short periods of time.

Secondary Road Transport

Jun-Nov

Many secondary roads can become impassable during hurricane season due to bridge damage and landslides.

Rail Transport

N/AN/A

Air Transport

Jun-Nov

While air transport is often grounded during storm, most air transport options resume quickly and can be used to transport goods in affected areas.

Waterway Transport

Jun-Nov

Waterway transport may be affected during the hurricane seasons for short periods of time

Dominica experiences two main periods, a dry season from February to June and a hurricane season from June to November. The hurricane season presents prolonged and intense rain falls causing landslides and collapses of bridges, with partial interruptions of primary and secondary roads which contributes to the increase in transport rates and consumer prices.

 

Seasonal Effects on Storage and Handling

Activity Type

Time Frame

Comments / Details

Storage

Jun-Nov

The island lacks of public and private storage facilities for storage of goods, especially for perishable items. There is no silos for products in bulk.

Handling

Jun-NovThe wet season affects the power and water supply lines, impacting in handling operations and restricting access of manpower.

 

Capacity and Contacts for In-Country Emergency Response

Government 

Emergency response operates through the National Emergency Planning Organisation (NEPO) and the Office of Disaster Management (ODM) which provides the coordination and framework for emergency response. 

It has been identified the importance to work in conjunction with local communities in the management and coordination of disaster risk reduction through the existence of various community disaster organisations, district organisations, and the participation of community leaders. Some community groups have been equipped with relevant tools and equipment as part of the effort of an early response mechanism, given the topography of the country and resource constraint that could prevent the quick response from the authorities.  

Institutions and agencies such as DOMLEC, DOWASCO, St. John’s, Ambulance and Dominica Red Cross place heavy emphasis on community participation in the management of resources and mitigation and adaptation efforts. These communities serve in some cases as first responders who report incidents to the relevant authorities. The Local Government system has been leveraged in that respect and plays an integral role in the management of localised crisis situations with effective results in mitigation activities.  

For more information on government contact details, please see the following link: 4.1 Government Contact List. 

Humanitarian Community 

The international humanitarian community has increased their support and number of organizations present after Hurricane Maria hit the island.  Furthermore, sector groups have been established in order to coordinate with different partners around the island and provide effective solutions. 

Sector/Working Group contact list Dominica

Sector

Lead and co-lead

Email

Telephone number

Camp Coordination & Camp Management (CCCM)

Glenroy Toussaint

tousg_69@hotmail.com

+1 767 245 0658

Jan-Willem Wegdam

jwegdam@iom.int

+1 767 245 3718

Education

Melena Fontaine

chiefeduoff@education.gov.dm

+1 767 295 8879

Raul Rodriguez Choto

rchoto@unicef.org

+1 767 315 9557

Emergency Telecommunications

Bennette Thomas

bennette.thomas@gmail.com

+ 1767 275 6246

Food Security & Livelihoods

Benjamin De Barros

benjamin.debarros@wfp.org

+1 767 615 0516

Daniele Barelli*

daniele.barelli@fao.org

+1 246 263 8968

Sam Carrette

Sam285@hotmail.com

+1 767 225 2403

Health

Davis Letang

davis-letang1@hotmail.com

letangd@dominica.gov.dm

+1 767 266 3260

Dana van Alphen*

vanalphd@paho.org

+1 246 266 8125

Logistics

Luis Ayllon

luis.ayllon@wfp.org

+1 767 612 0917

Protection

Child Protection

Jemma Azille-Lewis

Nicole Toussaint

jemmazille@hotmail.com

toussaint8_2000@yahoo.com

+1 767 245 2872

+1 767 265 0548

Paola Scelzi

pscelzi@unicef.org

+1 767 225 0280

Gender-based Violence

Melissa Morgan

melissa.morgan@live.com

+1 767 317 9992

Sajida Birhmani

birhmani@unfpa.org

+1 767 225 9664

[Social Protection]

Chris Turton*

cturton@unicef.org

+1 767 225 7925

Shelter/Housing

Hilarian Jules

hajules@hotmail.com

 

Dave Hampton

housingcoorddominica@gmail.com

+1 767 225 4297

WASH

Dr. Martin Christmas

drmartinchristmas@gmail.com

+1 767 617 2271

Bernard Ettinoffe

b.ettinoffe@dowasco.dm

 

Iva James

i.james@dowasco.dm

 

Antonio Andres

aandres@unicef.org

+1 767 245 1754

Communications and Community Engagement WG

Natasha Greaves-Daniels

natashadaniels@habitat-tt.org  

+1 767 285 9238

Mental Health and Psycho-Social Support WG

Desiree Pemberton

dan_pembert@hotmail.com

+1 767 225 4600

*Not all in-country but included for communication purposes

 

For more information on humanitarian agency contact details, please see the following link: 4.2 Humanitarian Agency Contact List

 

 




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