Skip to end of metadata
Go to start of metadata


Disasters, Conflicts and Migration

Natural Hazards

Type

Occurs

Comments / Details

Drought

Yes

2.5 million people affected from impact of the climate change.

Earthquakes

No

N/A

Epidemics

Yes

Covid 19 epidemic has been active in the country since 2020.  As date of 26 July 2021, 13536 confirmed cases, 169 death and 31,671 vaccinated people.  For more information, please consult here the WHO Covid 19 Dashboard in Burkina Faso.

Malaria is a major health issue in Burkina Faso. It is endemic throughout the country, with a seasonal upsurge from June through October. This seasonal peak is variable across the three major geographic zones linked with the duration of the rainy season: up to three months in the north, six months in the center, and nine months in the south of the country.

Dengue is a year-round risk and peak transmission occurs August to December.

Cholera case occurs in Burkina Faso with a case detected in August 2021 (the patient was a truck driver of Malian nationality who entered from Niger where a cholera epidemic is currently raging).

Although no cases of the Ebola virus disease occurred in Burkina Faso during the West African epidemic of 2014, the Ministry of Health is reinforcing the capacity of its monitoring system to respond in case of a new epidemic.

Extreme Temperatures

No

The hot season occurs from March to April with an average maximum daily temperature above 38 ° C.

Flooding

Yes

In September 2020, heavy rains affected central Burkina Faso (particularly the Centre Region, including the area of the capital Ouagadougou, and the Centre-Nord Region), triggering floods that have resulted in casualties and damage (71,341 affected people).

Insect Infestation

Yes

Migratory locusts.

Mudslides

No

N/A

Volcanic Eruptions

No

N/A

High Waves / Surges

No

N/A

Wildfires

No

N/A

High Winds

No

N/A

Other Comments

N/A

Man-Made Issues

Civil Strife

Yes


International Conflict

No

N/A

Internally Displaced Persons

Yes

As of 30 June 2021, over 1,3 million people had been officially displaced.

Refugees Present

Yes

 22,419 refugees in Burkina Faso as date of August 2021

Landmines / UXO Present

Yes

Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) are a growing, complex threat in a context already compounded by mass displacement, armed violence and lack of access to basic services. Since 2017, 382 people have been killed or injured in explosive ordnance accidents, all of which were caused by IEDs (98%)


Other Comments

N/A


For a more detailed database on disasters by country, please see the Centre for Research on Epidemiology of Disasters Country Profile.

Seasonal Effects on Logistics Capacities

Seasonal Effects on Transport

Transport Type

Time Frame

Comments / Details

Primary Road Transport

January to January

The primary road infrastructure is in relatively good condition.

Secondary Road Transport

June to September

County roads and rural tracks are not accessible during the rainy season.

Air Transport

June to September

Local airfields are not accessible during the rainy season.

Waterway Transport


Not applicable, the rivers are rarely used for transportation.


In Burkina Faso, the climate is tropical, with a rainy season in the summer months due to the African monsoon (June to September), and a dry season in winter. In the north, the rainy season is shorter and less intense, so the climate is semi-arid, while in the south the rains last longer. The temperatures in Burkina Faso are high throughout the year. During winter season, the air is dry due to the northeast winds with temperatures around 30/32 °C in the north and 32/33 °C in the south. The prevailing wind, called Harmattan, blows from the north-east and can lift dust, making the sky whitish, but it can also cause real sandstorms. Storms can also occur in spring because of the clash with moist air masses.


Seasonal Effects on Storage and Handling

Activity Type

Time Frame

Comments / Details

Storage

June to September

Hight temperature during summertime which require storage well ventilated and a roof in a good condition to avoid leakage during the rainy season.

Handling

June to September

Offloading of trucks outside the warehouse if there is no possibility to park the trucks inside, cargo can be damaged by the rain during the handling operations.

Others


To remind transporters to protect and cover the shipment with tarpaulins well to avoid damage by the rain.

During the rainy season, offloading of trucks is taking more time due to the weather conditions and there is a higher risk of offloading damaged cargo if not well protected and covered at the departure point. Additional activities of repacking can occur to replace damaged items during offloading.

Capacity and Contacts for In-Country Emergency Response

Government

Placed under the technical and administrative supervision of the Ministry in charge of Social Action and National Solidarity and under the financial supervision of the Ministry in charge of the Economy and Finance,  the Conseil National de Secours d’Urgence et de Réhabilitation (CONASUR) is responsible for working to prevent disasters, manage emergency relief and rehabilitation and ensures coordination and guidance in the field of prevention disaster, emergency relief management and rehabilitation. The CONASUR is the national platform for the prevention and management of disasters and humanitarian crises with the aim to work in closed collaboration with all humanitarian actors, on issues related to the convergence of actions for poverty reduction, adaptation to climate change and disaster risk reduction, to strengthening the resilience of populations made vulnerable by socio-political-economic systems and climate change including climate variability and extreme events.

Additional governmental agencies are interacting within the humanitarian action in country such as:

  • The Société nationale de gestion des stocks de sécurité alimentaire (SONAGESS) is in charge of managing the national food stock security.
  • SP-PAM in charge of the administration, management, monitoring-evaluation and control of food aid from the World Food Programme (WFP).


For more information on government contact details, please see the following link: 4.1 Government Contact List.

Humanitarian Community

As of April 2021, 67 organizations were operating in the country implementing 157 (shelter, wash, protection, nutrition, health, food security, refugees).
As per an OCHA report issued on 26/07/21, the number of internally displaced persons in Burkina Faso has risen to 1,312,071. This increase in numbers is due to the increase in security incidents. This unpredictable and unprecedented increase in incidents targeting the civilian population has been observed since the beginning of the second quarter of 2021 (…) The Central North, Sahel and Eastern regions continue to be the most affected. People are moving to communities in dire humanitarian need, but humanitarian response capacity remains limited. According to analyses by the Rapid Response Coordination Group (GCORR), only 20% of displacement alerts are fully responded to. The humanitarian community remains committed to supporting the Government in responding to humanitarian challenges.

For more information on humanitarian agency contact details, please see the following link: 4.2 Humanitarian Agencies Contact List.