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Disasters, Conflicts and Migration

Natural Disasters

Type

Occurs

Comments / Details

Drought

Yes

2017 Drought Angola in May (Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters - CRED). According to UNICEF report 1.42 million people affected by chronic drought (UNICEF Angola Humanitarian Situation Report - April 2017).

The drought affects 7 southern provinces of Cunene, Huila, Namibe, Cuando Cubango, Cuanza Sul, Bié and Huambo.

Estimated damage and losses for the provinces of Cunene, Huila and Namibe were assessed at just over US$297 million, with agriculture (70 per cent) and food security (18 per cent) sectors mostly affected. UNICEF Angola Humanitarian Situation Report July – September 2017.

Earthquakes

Non/a

Epidemics

Yes

Yellow fever outbreak first detected in December 2015 in Luanda Province, Angola and quickly spread to RDC.

Only one year later (December 2016) was officially declared the end of the outbreak in Angola.

Cholera is also an epidemic that can occur in Angola therefore, special attention is given by the Government and humanitarian agencies such as WHO. World Health Organisation Angola

Extreme Temperatures

YesIs particular to a small region in the southern coastline where rain it's almost non-existent therefore typical desert weather conditions  

Flooding

Yes

2016 Flash floods Lubango, Angola in Feb/March

2017 Floods; Angola in March

According to Unicef report flash floods elevated the risk of cholera outbreak and other water-borne diseases. UNICEF Angola Humanitarian Situation Report - April 2017

Insect Infestation

Yes

Southern Africa: Armyworm Infestation - Jan 2017

Mudslides

YesThere are no report confirming alarming causalities but is worth to mention as a risk which may occur due to significant settlements of population around urban areas located near cliffs without planning, forcing deforestation while increasing grabbing of land for precarious housing which increases possibilities of deadly mudslides, special during raining season/flash floods.   

Volcanic Eruptions

Non/a

High Waves / Surges

Non/a

Wildfires

No

Widespread agricultural burning continues throughout central Africa, and smoke and fires were detected by the Suomi NPP satellite. Most of the fires were burning in the southern region of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Zambia and Angola. Nasa - Fires in Angola

High Winds

Non/a

Other Comments

 

Man-Made Issues

Civil Strife

No

List of conflicts in Angola

International Conflict

No List of conflicts in Angola 

Internally Displaced Persons

No

According to IDMC (as of June 2017) 11,000 IDPs - Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre

Refugees Present

Yes

The outbreak of violence in the Kasai region of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) in March 2017 triggered the internal displacement of some 1.3 million persons and the flight of over 32,000 refugees into Lunda Norte Province of Angola.

Angola: Inter-Agency Operational Update (29 August 2017)

WFP Angola Situation Report #1 (1 September 2017)

Landmines / UXO Present

Yes

Mag International - Time to Change Course - Angola and The Ottawa Treaty

Other Comments

n/a

For a more detailed database on disasters by country, please see the Centre for Research on Epidemiology of Disasters Country Profile

Seasonal Effects on Logistics Capacities

Seasonal Effects on Transport

Transport Type

Time Frame

Comments / Details

Primary Road Transport

From (September/April rain season) 

According to the World Bank’s AICD, transportation causes a significant bottleneck in Angola’s economy. World Bank and AICD estimates of paved roads ranging between 10.4% and 17%.

During the raining season still, the main transport routes are traversable. Specifically, the main links in the western half of the country appear to be in reasonable condition, while roads on the eastern side are sparser and more dilapidated with prolonged inaccessibility.

Landmines - Remain a problem outside major urban areas.

NB: Security related to delinquency should be a concern for cargo and passengers during transit with emphasis to Luanda region and Cabinda Province.

Secondary Road Transport

From (September/April- Rains & Import season)

Roads and bridges are often washed away by sudden floods during the rainy season.

Special attention to landmines that may become displaced and end up outside recognised minefields.

NB: Albeit the general thrust in security, safe travel remains an issue due to organized crime in Luanda region and army groups in Cabinda Province.

Rail Transport

n/a

The rail system in Angola consists of three main railways that were built eastwards from the coast during colonial times, linking Angola’s key Atlantic ports to the interior.

Many of these lines were destroyed during the 27-year-long civil war. However, railway lines have just recently been rehabilitated and rebuilt or are still under construction therefore, no relevant seasonal impact yet to be reported for this sector. 

Air Transport

(September/April-Rains & Import season)

Safety is the major concern for Angolan carriers which may be exacerbated by abnormal weather conditions.

Upsurge of freight during the festivity season (December/January) increasing delivery time and logistics bottlenecks.

Waterway Transport

(September/April-Rains & Import season)Worsens performance of port operations and increases vessel berth delays which together with bureaucracy and the service costs said to be the basis for diversion of shipments to neighbouring ports (i.e. Walvis Bay) for later transhipment.    

 

Most of the freight in Angola is transported by road on trucks, since; (1) inland water navigation or coastal shipping are not an option or not efficient/cost competitive vis-vis road transportation;

(2) few railway lines have just started operations and or still under development; (4) air traffic is not the most cost efficient for larger volumes of cargo.

As per the above the relevance of the seasonal effects to the road transport logistics network in special when connected to the Luanda Port Corridor, point of entry of 80% of the country imports is of pivotal importance.

Main seasonal effects are: (5) Flash floods during the long raining season period which can destroy bridges and move landmines from identified sites; (6) Import season which coincides with the raining season may create berth delays therefore increasing trucks stand-by and increase truck travel time.

 

Seasonal Effects on Storage and Handling

Activity Type

Time Frame

Comments / Details

Storage

From (September to April)

Majority of storage available is not suitable for storage of food commodities since do not have temperature control and its designs (i.e. few warehouses built with covered reception area) are not the most adequate to protect from heat and humidity.

This is worsened during the raining season, period of major movement of agricultural inputs; food imports; and/or incremental of buffer stocks activities.

Readiness with storage equipment such as pallets and tarpaulins are important to assist on safety of cargo stored.

Handling

n/a

Manual labour is the most used for manipulation of cargoes stores. The massive unemployment rate provides surplus of manual labour available anywhere in Angola however, workers are unskilled therefore, rough handling of cargo and consequent damages should be expected.

As per the above is essential warehouses to be prepared with adequate storage equipment for re-bagging operations.

Other

n/a 

Quality monitoring of commodities specially during raining season is a must in an environment of poor quality of food storage which increases the risk of infestation by insects & rodents. Extra attention when prolonged storage unavoidable when fortified commodities are involved since vitamins/minerals are easily lost under heat.

Pre-planning in providing EDP/FDP locations with sufficient & adequate reconditioning materials including i.e. fumigants and rodents/insect traps is pivotal.

NB: Other point for the attention is existence of certified fumigation companies therefore, training of WFP staff to adequately monitor basic functions of fumigation services must be considered.

Capacity and Contacts for In-Country Emergency Response

Government

Ministerio de Accao Social Familia Promocao da Mulher - is the ministry of Angola usually counterpart of WFP and other humanitarian organizations for emergency related issues. They facilitate clearance for the entry of humanitarian cargo in the country as well are the Government focal point at the majority of humanitarian emergency coordination & operational meetings.

Their assistance during the onset of the operations and beyond is critical by making available theirs or government logistics structures such as storage at entry points and/or at EDP/FDP level.

Furthermore, in case of need when no Humanitarian / Commercial logistics assets available they may act as intermediary at Government level for the release of military assets.

For more information on government contact details, please see the following link: 4.1 Angola Government Contact List

Humanitarian Community

Partners list: Caritas, IOM International Organization for Migration, JRS Jesuit Refugee Services, LWF Lutheran World Federation, MAG Mine Advisory Group International, MdM Medicos del Mundo, MSF Medecins Sans Frontieres, NCA Norwegian Church Aid, PIN People in Need, UNDP United Nations Development Programme, UNDSS United Nations Department of Safety & Security, UNFPA United Nations Population Fund, UNHCR United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, UNICEF United Nations Children’s Fund, WFP World Food Programme, WHO World Health Organization and WVI World Vision International.

All above humanitarian organizations are currently based in Lunda Norte where refugees are actually located. Consult UNHCR link 3Ws Lunda Norte – Who is doing What and Where - 22 September 2017 for more details regarding dedicated operational areas for each one.

For more information on humanitarian agency contact details, please see the following link: 4.1 Angola Government Contact List

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