Tajikistan is a landlocked country of 143,000 km² with 50% over 3,000 meters above sea level. The country is dominated by the Trans-Alay Range in the north and the Pamirs in the southeast. The highest point, Qullai Ismoili Somoni (formerly Communism Peak), was the highest mountain in the former USSR.
Tajikistan is bordered by 4 countries: Afghanistan in the south (access by barge and road); China in the east (access by road); Kyrgyzstan in the northeast (access by road); and Uzbekistan in the north and west (access by rail and road).
Tajikistan is a low-income, food-deficit country with an estimated population of 9.091,639 million people (2018). About 93% of the territory is mountainous, and only 7% is suitable for agriculture. Despite recent economic growth, the country remains the poorest in Eastern Europe and Central Asia, ranked 96 out of the countries listed in the 2018 statistical update of the Human Development Index.
The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in Tajikistan was worth 6.95 billion US dollars in 2016. The GDP value of Tajikistan represents 0.01 percent of the world economy. GDP in Tajikistan averaged 3.47 USD Billion from and it's projection for 2017 is 6.4, GDP Annual Growth Rate averaged 4.16 percent and is projected to be 7.4 in Q1 2018.
Tajikistan is located in an active seismic zone that makes for regular tremors and occasional earthquakes in the country. Moreover, erosion and land degradation, weather conditions and poor infrastructure development, lead to regular mudslides, floods, rock falls, avalanches and other natural disasters. These often result in the displacement of an already poor population and loss of their livelihoods, food stocks and agricultural production.
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