Rwanda, officially known as the Republic of Rwanda, is a sovereign state in central and east Africa. Located a few degrees south of the Equator, Rwanda is bordered by Uganda, Tanzania, Burundi, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). All of Rwanda is at high elevation, with a geography dominated by mountains in the west, savanna in the east, and numerous lakes throughout the country. The climate is temperate to subtropical, with two rainy seasons and two dry seasons every year. (Source: Wikipedia)
The western border of Rwanda with the DRC is formed by the Great Rift Valley, Lake Kivu and the Rusizi River. Most of this region is more than 900 m above sea level and, at 1,460 m, Lake Kivu is the highest lake in Africa. This region averages 2,740 m above sea level and some peaks are as high as 4,570 m. To the east of the mountains, Rwanda’s eastern region consists of grassy savannas that stretch toward the swamps and marshlands of the Kagera River that borders Tanzania.
Rwanda is classified among the smallest countries in Africa with a total area of 26,334 km. Rwanda’s National Institute of Statistics (NISR) has estimated the population of Rwanda to be 11,553,446 in 2016 with a population growth rate of 3.71% per year from the year 2014. Population density stands at 459.7 people per square kilometre. Rwanda has a large unemployed labour force and the country’s key challenge is to create sufficient jobs for Rwanda’s working-age population. Rwanda’s economy is primarily based on agriculture and is mostly sustained by coffee, tea and minerals exports, with a significant decrease of income from minerals during 2015. The other source of income comes from the tourism to see the rare mountain Gorillas of the Volcanoes National Park and the large number of animal species in Nyungwe and Akagera National Parks.
Rwanda’s long-term development goals are embedded in its Vision 2020 which seeks to transform Rwanda from a low-income agriculture-based economy to a knowledge-based, service-oriented economy by 2020. The principle language spoken in Rwanda is Kinyarwanda, although English and French are official languages.
For a generic country overview, please consult the following sources:
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