Mindanao is the second-largest island in the Philippines, after Luzon. Located in the southern region of the archipelago, the island is part of an island group of the same name that also includes its adjacent islands, notably the Sulu Archipelago. As of the 2010 census, Mindanao has 20,281,545 inhabitants, while the entire island group has an estimated population of 25,537,691 as of 2018.
Mindanao is divided into six administrative regions: the Zamboanga Peninsula, Northern Mindanao, the Caraga region, the Davao region, Soccsksargen, and the autonomous region of Bangsamoro. According to the 2015 census, Davao City is the most populous city on the island, with 1,632,991 residents, followed by Zamboanga City (pop. 861,799), Cagayan de Oro (pop. 675,950), General Santos (pop. 594,446), Iligan (pop. 342,618), Butuan (pop. 337,063) and Cotabato City (pop. 299,438). About 70% of residents identify as Christian and 24% as Muslim.
Bangsamoro Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao
The Bangsamoro Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao or BARMM is an autonomous region located in the southern Philippines. Replacing the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM), the Bangsamoro Autonomous Region was formed with the ratification of its basic law, the Bangsamoro Organic Law following two legally-binding referendums in Western Mindanao held on January 21, 2019. Bangsamoro consist of 5 provinces, 3 component cities (Cotabato City, Marawi City and Lamitan City) 116 municipalities, and 2,590 barangays. 63 barangays in North Cotabato are also part of Bangsamoro despite North Cotabato and their respective parent municipalities not under the administrative jurisdiction of the autonomous region.
Zamboanga Peninsula (Region IX)
Zamboanga Peninsula (Tagalog: Tangway ng Zamboanga; Chavacano: Peninsula de Zamboanga; Cebuano: Lawis sa Zamboanga) is an administrative region in the Philippines, designated as Region IX. It consists of three provinces (Zamboanga del Norte, Zamboanga Sibugay and Zamboanga del Sur) including four cities (Dapitan, Dipolog, Isabela, Pagadian), and the highly urbanized city of Zamboanga City. The region was previously known as Western Mindanao before the enactment of Executive Order No. 36 on August 12, 2015. The city of Zamboanga was designated as the regional center until Pagadian was designated as its new regional center, although Zamboanga City remains the region's cultural, economic, and educational center.
Northern Mindanao (Region X)
Northern Mindanao (Tagalog: Hilagang Mindanao; Cebuano: Amihanang Mindanao; Maranao: Pangotaraan Mindanao) is an administrative region in the Philippines, designated as Region X. It comprises five provinces: Bukidnon, Camiguin, Misamis Occidental, Misamis Oriental, and Lanao del Norte, and two cities classified as highly urbanized, all occupying the north-central part of Mindanao island, and the island-province of Camiguin. The regional center is Cagayan de Oro. Lanao del Norte was transferred to Northern Mindanao from Region XII (then called Central Mindanao) by virtue of Executive Order No. 36 in September 2001.
Davao Region (Region XI)
Davao Region, formerly called Southern Mindanao (Cebuano: Habagatang Mindanao; Tagalog: Rehiyon ng Davao), is an administrative region in the Philippines, designated as Region XI. It is situated at the southeastern portion of Mindanao and comprises five provinces: Davao de Oro, Davao del Norte, Davao del Sur, Davao Oriental, and Davao Occidental.
SOCCSKSARGEN (Region XII)
Soccsksargen (pronounced [sokˈsardʒɛn]), formerly known as Central Mindanao, is an administrative region of the Philippines, located in south-central Mindanao. It is numerically designated as Region XII. The name is an acronym that stands for the region's four provinces and one highly urbanized city (South Cotabato, Cotabato, Sultan Kudarat, Sarangani and General Santos). The regional center is in Koronadal located in the province of South Cotabato, and the center of commerce and industry is General Santos, which is the most populous city in the region.
Caraga Region (Region XIII)
Caraga, officially the Caraga Administrative Region (or simply known as Caraga Region) and designated as Region XIII, is an administrative region in the Philippines occupying the northeastern section of Mindanao. The region was created through Republic Act No. 7901 on February 23, 1995. The region comprises five provinces: Agusan del Norte, Agusan del Sur, Dinagat Islands, Surigao del Norte, and Surigao del Sur; six cities: Bayugan, Bislig, Butuan, Cabadbaran, Surigao and Tandag; 67 municipalities and 1,311 barangays. Butuan, the most urbanized city in Caraga, serves as the regional administrative center.
Mindanao Wikipedia Information https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mindanao
Philippines IMF Country Information https://www.imf.org/en/Countries/PHL
Philippines Economist Intelligence Unit Information* http://country.eiu.com/philippines
(*note - this is a paid service)
Philippines World Food Programme https://www.wfp.org/countries/philippines
Philippines UN Office for Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Information https://www.unocha.org/philippines
Facts and Figures
Philippines World Bank https://www.worldbank.org/en/country/philippines
Philippines Population Information https://worldpopulationreview.com/countries/philippines-population