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Marshall Islands Country Map

Generic Information

The Marshall Islands, officially the Republic of the Marshall Islands (Marshallese: Aolepān Aorōkin M̧ajeļ) is an island country located near the equator in the Pacific Ocean, slightly west of the International Date Line. Geographically, the country is part of the larger island group of Micronesia. The country's population of 53,158 people (at the 2011 Census is spread out over 29 coral atolls,[2] comprising 1,156 individual islands and islets.

The islands share maritime boundaries with the Federated States of Micronesia to the west, Wake Island to the north,[note 2] Kiribati to the southeast, and Nauru to the south. About 27,797 of the islanders (at the 2011 Census) live on Majuro, which contains the capital. Data from the United Nations indicates an estimated population in 2017 of 53,134. In 2016, 73.3% of the population were defined as being "urban". The UN also indicates a population density of 295 per km2 (765 people per mi2) and its estimated 2020 population is 53,263.[5]

Humanitarian Information


The climate has a dry season from December to April and a wet season from May to November. Many Pacific typhoons begin as tropical storms in the Marshall Islands region, and grow stronger as they move west toward the Mariana Islands and the Philippines.
Due to its very low elevation, the Marshall Islands are threatened by the potential effects of sea level rise. According to the president of Nauru, the Marshall Islands are the most endangered nation in the world due to flooding from climate change.
Population has outstripped the supply of freshwater, usually from rainfall. The northern atolls get 50 inches (1,300 mm) of rainfall annually; the southern atolls about twice that. The threat of drought is commonplace throughout the island chains.

Natural Disasters

RMI is most vulnerable to drought and storm surges, unlike the Western and South Pacific Tropical cyclones develop in the region and tend to move west although RMI has experienced several Cyclone and storm events in the past 20 years.

Tropical Cyclones /Storms

1991 TC Zelda Catergory 1

  • Formed: November 27, 1991
  • Dissipated: December 7, 1991
  • Highest winds: 10-minute sustained: 110 km/h (70 mph)
  • 1-minute sustained: 150 km/h (90 mph)
  • Lowest pressure: 975 hPa (mbar); 28.79 inHg
  • Fatalities: None
  • Areas affected  Marshall Islands

1997 Typoon Paka Category 5

  • Formed: November 28, 1997
  • Dissipated: December 23, 1997
  • Highest winds: 10-minute sustained: 185 km/h (115 mph)
  • 1-minute sustained: 295 km/h (185 mph)
  • Lowest pressure: 920 hPa (mbar); 27.17 inHg
  • Fatalities: None, reported Damage $580 million (1997 USD)
  • Areas affected: Marshall Islands, Guam, Mariana Island.

2015 Cyclone Nangka Category 4

  • Formed: July 2, 2015
  • Dissipated: July 18, 2015
  • Highest Winds: 10-minute sustained: 185 km/h (115 mph)
  • 1-minute sustained: 250 km/h (155 mph)
  • Lowest pressure: 925 hPa (mbar); 27.32 inHg
  • Fatalities: 2 confirmed
  • Damage: $200 million (2015 USD)
  • Areas affected: Marshall Islands, Mariana Islands, Japan

2015 Tropical Storm Bavi

  • Formed: March 10, 2015
  • Dissipated: March 21, 2015
  • Highest winds  10-minute sustained: 85 km/h (50 mph)
  • 1-minute sustained: 95 km/h (60 mph)
  • Lowest pressure: 990 hPa (mbar); 29.23 inHg
  • Damage: $2.25 million (2015 USD)
  • Areas affected: Marshall Islands, Mariana Islands, Philippines


In 2013 a prolonged severe drought affected northern atolls and islands.

Depletion of wells and water catchments, salinization of ground water and insufficient desalinization capacity  left an estimated 5,000 people without enough drinking water or adequate food.

In 2016 A similar drought event affected the northern and central island groups.


The National Disaster Management Office is the government disaster response mechanism and coordinates air/sea rescue for marine vessel through the US Coast Guard in Hawai’i and coordinates responses to any national disasters. 

UN/INGO Presence.

The United Nation Joint presence mission in based in Majuro and is led by UNFPA. UNDP and UNICEF also operate as part of the joint presence mission.


IOM and IFRC both have a permanent presence in Marshall Islands and were the main responders to the 2016 drought distribution food and water to affected islands. Portable salt water Reverse osmosis units were also distributed on a temporary basis



No presence in Marshall Islands


Facts and Figures

Marshall Islands  World Bank Information

Marshall Islands Population Information

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