The Marshall Islands, officially the Republic of the Marshall Islands (Marshallese: Aolepān Aorōkin M̧ajeļ) is an island country located near the equator in the Pacific Ocean, slightly west of the International Date Line. Geographically, the country is part of the larger island group of Micronesia. The country's population of 53,158 people (at the 2011 Census is spread out over 29 coral atolls, comprising 1,156 individual islands and islets.
The islands share maritime boundaries with the Federated States of Micronesia to the west, Wake Island to the north,[note 2] Kiribati to the southeast, and Nauru to the south. About 27,797 of the islanders (at the 2011 Census) live on Majuro, which contains the capital. Data from the United Nations indicates an estimated population in 2017 of 53,134. In 2016, 73.3% of the population were defined as being "urban". The UN also indicates a population density of 295 per km2 (765 people per mi2) and its estimated 2020 population is 53,263.
The climate has a dry season from December to April and a wet season from May to November. Many Pacific typhoons begin as tropical storms in the Marshall Islands region, and grow stronger as they move west toward the Mariana Islands and the Philippines.
Due to its very low elevation, the Marshall Islands are threatened by the potential effects of sea level rise. According to the president of Nauru, the Marshall Islands are the most endangered nation in the world due to flooding from climate change.
Population has outstripped the supply of freshwater, usually from rainfall. The northern atolls get 50 inches (1,300 mm) of rainfall annually; the southern atolls about twice that. The threat of drought is commonplace throughout the island chains.
RMI is most vulnerable to drought and storm surges, unlike the Western and South Pacific Tropical cyclones develop in the region and tend to move west although RMI has experienced several Cyclone and storm events in the past 20 years.
|Tropical Cyclones /Storms|
1991 TC Zelda Catergory 1
1997 Typoon Paka Category 5
2015 Cyclone Nangka Category 4
2015 Tropical Storm Bavi
In 2013 a prolonged severe drought affected northern atolls and islands.
Depletion of wells and water catchments, salinization of ground water and insufficient desalinization capacity left an estimated 5,000 people without enough drinking water or adequate food.
In 2016 A similar drought event affected the northern and central island groups.
The National Disaster Management Office is the government disaster response mechanism and coordinates air/sea rescue for marine vessel through the US Coast Guard in Hawai’i and coordinates responses to any national disasters.
The United Nation Joint presence mission in based in Majuro and is led by UNFPA. UNDP and UNICEF also operate as part of the joint presence mission.
IOM and IFRC both have a permanent presence in Marshall Islands and were the main responders to the 2016 drought distribution food and water to affected islands. Portable salt water Reverse osmosis units were also distributed on a temporary basis
No presence in Marshall Islands