Iraq Country Profile
Iraq is located in the Middle-East, bordering the Persian Gulf between Iran and Kuwait. The country borders Turkey (367 km) to the north, Iran (1,599 km) to the east, Kuwait (254 km) to the southeast, Saudi Arabia (811 km) to the south, Jordan (179 km) to the southwest, and Syria (599 km) to the west.
Iraq mainly consists of desert, but near the two major rivers (Euphrates and Tigris) are fertile alluvial plains, as the rivers carry about 60,000,000 m3 of silt annually to the delta. The north of the country is mostly composed of mountains; the highest point being in Kurdistan at 3,611 m (11,847 ft). Iraq has a small coastline measuring 58 km (36 mi) along the Persian Gulf. Close to the coast and along the Shatt al-Arab river there used to be marshlands, but many were drained in the 1990s.
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