3.3 Cambodia Manual Labor Costs

Cambodia’s labour market remains characterized by widespread working poverty and informality, which are likely to worsen due to COVID-19. The main labour market component of its social protection system consists of technical and vocational education and training schemes for informal sector workers, but its coverage is very low in relation to its informal sector size (footnote 3). COVID-19 is expected to result in major job and income losses in Cambodia, affecting workers across the board, and particularly vulnerable groups including women, informal, and own-account workers who have very limited access to social protection, many of whom either live in poverty or run a serious risk of falling into poverty.

There are few companies provide labour services on top of their main business. For example, transport include labour service, or warehouse rental include labour service etc. Contracts can be signed with those companies in case of activities which require manpower irregularly. Labour is easily available at port in Phnom Penh and Sihanoukville but as well in few large cities, with regular commercial activities and at the border with Vietnam and Thailand. Prices are often negotiated based on the work to be done, per crew and not per person. Following prices are only an indication of the current market price based on WFP internal survey.

Labour Rate(s) Overview


Cost  (as of 2021)

Daily General Worker (Unskilled casual labour)

40,000 KHR/US$ 10

Daily General Worker (Semi-skilled labour)

60,000 KHR/US$ 15

Skilled Worker

80,000 KHR/US$ 20

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