2.3.3 Bhutan Border Crossing of Phuentsholing


Phuntsholing is a border town in southern Bhutan in Chukha District. Phuentsholing adjoins the Indian town of Jaigon, and cross-border trade has resulted in a thriving local economy.

Whereas Thimphu is the political capital of Bhutan, Phuentsholing is certainly the commercial capital where the offices and depots of the major oil wholesalers, major merchants and major transporters are located.

South of the border, there is an excellent 2 lane asphalt road (which is being widened to 4 lanes) to Hasimara on NH 31 – a distance of about 17 km. Hasimara is a major commercial town on the highway with train service east and west. It is also home to a military airport of the Indian Airforce.

Plans to join the rail link up to the border with Bhutan have been under discussions for many years but are yet to be materialized due to extensive problems arising from the need to acquire the necessary land for building the railway tracks. Any progress in this regard should not be expected in the near future.

North of Phuentsholing, the national highway maintained by Dantak joins both Paro and Thimphu.


Border Crossing Location and Contact

Name of Border Crossing

Bhutan: Phuentsholing
India: Jaigon (also known as Jaigaon)

Province or District


Nearest Town or City with Distance from Border Crossing


Distance 165 km


Distance 172 km





Managing Authority / Agency

Customs and Immigration

Contact Person



Travel Times

Nearest International Airport

Paro (Bhutan); Bagdora (India)

Distance 165 km (Paro) ; 158 km (Bagdora)

Truck Travel Time: 4 – 6 hours (Paro); 3-4 hours (Bagdora)

Car Travel time: 4 hours (Paro); 2.5-3 hours (Bagdora)

Nearest Port


Distance 707 km via NH 12

Truck Travel Time: 15 – 20 hours

Car Travel time: 14 hours

Nearest location with functioning wholesale markets, or with significant manufacturing or production capacity

Name: Siliguru (West Bengal, India)

Distance in km: 155 km

Truck Travel Time: 5-6 hr

Car Travel time: 3-4 hr

Other Information


Not applicable, route not traversed

Hours of Operation


0900 – 1700 Summer

0900 – 1600 Winter


0900 – 1700 Summer

0900 – 1600 Winter


0900 – 1700 Summer

0900 – 1600 Winter


0900 – 1700 Summer

0900 – 1600 Winter


0900 – 1700 Summer

0900 – 1600 Winter


0900 – 1700 Summer

0900 – 1600 Winter


0900 – 1700 Summer

0900 – 1600 Winter

National Holidays


All government departments closed on national holidays. Private companies remain open.

Seasonal Constraints

The river Ammo which flows from the district of Haa is subject to flooding in the estuary which adjoins Phuentsholing. Major works are being carried out to divert the river to the west of Phuentsholing and reclaim land for further expansion.

Daily Capacity

This border crossing is the major commercial hub and entry / exit point between Bhutan and India. The actual border crossing is quite narrow and can result in hold ups for both trucks and cars. Dry port facilities in Phuentsholing are limited at present but major expansion is in the planning to accommodate a major dry port where larger quantities of containers can be stripped and cleared by customs. There is a functional weighbridge in the centre of the town.

Customs Clearance

There is a major customs office in Phuentsholing and the management is acutely aware that Phuentsholing is the principal land entry and exit point for Bhutan.

Facilities are being improved on a regular basis 

For more information on government contact details, please see the following link:

4.1 Bhutan Government Contact List

1.3 Bhutan Customs Information

Jump to top